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2
votes
1answer
48 views

Зачем “бесхозяйный”, если есть “бесхозный”?

Встретилось мне слово "бесхозяйный", и сразу возник вопрос: "В чем разница по сравнению с широко употребляемым "бесхозный"? Предполагаю (об этом записано в словаре), что "...
2
votes
5answers
80 views

Hypothetical Suffix

I am new to Russian, so I am not sure if there is already a word, but if "gamer" was translated to Russian, would it be видеоиграник or видеоигранец?
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Russian numbers (in the thousands)

I've been consulting the official website of the city of Dushanbe and found the following interesting passage: Согласно данным органов ЗАГС-а с 2005 по 2014 год в городе Душанбе зарегистрировано ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

help to parse the handwritten text [closed]

I can’t make out the handwriting in the image, I would be very grateful if someone would retype the text. not to translate the text, but to make out exactly the spelling of the letters, I do not ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Corrector like grammarly or antidote for russian [migrated]

I have a question. Did a website like grammarly or antidote exist but for Russian. Grammarly have the Russian language but it’s say me that is not mistake even when I put some mistake for testing.
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Is it coincidence that “плуг” in Russian is so similar to “plough” in English (they mean the same thing) [closed]

The translation of “plough”, a farming tool, into Russian is «плуг», they sound very similar, why? What’s the etymology of these words?
2
votes
2answers
141 views

Как перевести “belief” в философском смысле

Как принято переводить философское понятия "belief" на русский язык? Описания этого термина из Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Contemporary Anglophone philosophers of mind generally ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Are there perfective verbs that only accept perfective infinitives?

The following perfective verbs are said to only accept perfective infinitives. забыть - to forget успеть - to manage, have time удаться - to manage, succeed суметь - to be able to manage получиться - ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Улица “Восьмого марта” или улица “Восьмое марта”?

Улица "Восьмого марта" звучит более правильно, но многие произнося "Восьмое марта", даже на некоторых адресных табличках пишут "8-е марта". Есть ли правило по этому ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Verb aspect is listed as being different or both

For the verb живописать (to describe vividly) Wiktionary [en] lists it as imperfective; the [ru] Wiktionary lists it as perfective; while a database of verbs I has lists it as 'both'. The database ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Difference between imperfective (Будет) and perfective future verbs

It seems to me that the difference between the imperfective and perfective future tense of verbs is that the imperfective refers to a general or uncompleted action; while the perfective refers to a ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

Which verbs prefer the по-…-ски format?

I have in my notes that the format по-...-ски is required over на ...-ком succeeding the verbs - говарить, читать, писать, понимать & думать. This rule is discussed somewhat here. However, using a ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between “рядом”, “около” and “возле”?

These three words mean 'near'. It seems около & возле are synonyms. Can the same be said for рядом?
1
vote
2answers
156 views

Revisiting сказать/говорить/поговорить

I think this is the so-called FAQ, but still I am wondering the difference among сказать/говорить/поговорить. In past posts, I found: сказать implies one person speaking ('saying'), and говорить ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Omitting чтoбы in certain contexts

So I was talking with a friend and he said: У мeня нeт дeнeг плaтить зa нaшe cвидaниe I asked him if I could use чтoбы, and he said that also sounded fine. So is there a rule for the situations ...
0
votes
3answers
217 views

Сорьян = sorry?

I was recently working at a Russian startup with a low median age - most of the employees were under 30. I cannot count the number of times I heard folks saying "сорьян" to each other, but ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

“Пусть расползётся пэрча” - what does it mean?

Can anyone help me understand what this phrase means? “пусть расползётся пэрча” I’m sure it’s grammatically incorrect but I couldn’t find a proper interpretation of it. I’m not understanding пэрча. I ...
3
votes
5answers
582 views

Is there a shorter or more colloquial word for “pet”?

The Russian translation for "pet" is домашнее животное, in this case meaning a domesticated animal one keeps in one's home. To a native English-speaker that seems like quite a bookish term. ...
-1
votes
1answer
144 views

How is the Russian /b/ really pronounced? Бб

Is it just me or is the Russian b not pronounced the same as in English. Both have the same ipa character but my ears hear the Russian b differently - like a slight buildup of air at the front of the ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

«И(,) хлебнув столицы до дна, ты шагнула, Женька, с окна…» Нужна ли запятая после И?

И хлебнув столицы до дна, Ты шагнула, Женька, с окна, И погасли в синих глазах Ясные огни, е-е-е-е. Нужна ли ещё одна запятая, а именно запятая после слова «и» в первой строке? Я сомневаюсь в наличии ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Is the expression “По рассказам” idiomatic?

I was trying to translate a song called "город устал" by "плохо", and one of the lines of the song says: По рассказам всё было, но ты опоздал I tried to get a word by word ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

What is the Russian equivalent of “your manhood is small”?

I apologize for this question. In English, you can use terms like "small man" , "tiny man" etc to point to the size of someone's penis - as a method of shaming. Can you say in ...
-3
votes
3answers
213 views

What is the point of the “dipthong” ий?

I believe the diphthong would be /ɪ͜j/ but it just sounds like an /ɪ/ when native speakers pronounce it. For example, the word зданий has this ending and it just sounds like a one vowel finish. I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
333 views

Russian equivalent of “Elephant in the room”

What is the Russian equivalent of the English idiom elephant in the room which means (according to Wikipedia) important or enormous topic, question, or controversial issue that is obvious or that ...
2
votes
3answers
387 views

Why are multi-direction/alternate verbs used with verbs of motion prefixes?

So it seems when it comes to using prefixes we depart from using the Ездить / Ехать verb pair and switch to езжать/Ехать. In the dictionary is say езжать its the repeat or frequent form of Ехать. But ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Как объяснить, почему “светел”, однако при этом “смугл”?

Мы знаем, что это краткие формы имён прилагательных мужского рода. В обоих случаях основа полной формы оканчивается на две согласные: светлый и смуглый. Ну а как, например, объяснить иностранцу, ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Genitive: declining noun + adjective pairs with numbers [duplicate]

I am an intermediate student of Russian, and in one of my courses I came across the following example: Тут два белых стула. — Two white chairs are here. My understanding is that the genitive is ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Dictionary listing case for verbs

Is there a dictionary that lists the case that precedes, succeeds verbs? For example идти (accusative) - Я хочу идти в Россию; быть (past, instrumental) - Я был собакой.
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Купаться в/на озере

Из интернет-СМИ: Названы семь озер Нижегородской области, на которых можно купаться Региональное управление Роспотребнадзора не рекомендует купаться на четырех прилегающих к ним пляжах. https://www....
1
vote
3answers
88 views

Слова, пишущиеся через дефис, считаются одним словом или двумя?

Всегда интересовал данный вопрос. Если что-то пишется через дефис, то данная комбинация букв и дефиса считается одним словом или же двумя? Для примера я хотел бы рассмотреть правописание частиц -то и -...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

History of /f/ sound in Russian

My wife is Russian and I am learning it. One thing I seem to see is that no "native" or "elementary" words seem to start with the letter ф (other than the name Fedor perhaps, and I ...
1
vote
3answers
284 views

What is the meaning of this Russian profanity?

I am a new learner in the Russian language, and I don't know the rules of this exchange. But recently I came across this saying (I am sorry in advance for the phrase): "ёпта мохнатка": Яже ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Proper way to pronounce в and ф

в and ф are considered a voiced-voiceless pair, but in English there is surely a difference between the 'v' and 'f' sound that is not limited to voicedness, for example, the mouth positioning is ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Use of the nominative versus the instrumental to convey permanent state [duplicate]

In "A Comprehensive Russian Grammar", Wade states that in the past tense, the nominative case is used to indicate a permanent state, e.g. "По профессии он был ботаник" "By ...
7
votes
3answers
345 views

Use of the imperative mood in Chekhov's 'Тоска'

One of the first sentences in the story goes, 'Упади на него целый сугроб, то и тогда бы, кажется, он не нашел нужным стряхивать с себя снег…'. I'm assuming it means something like, 'even if a whole ...
-3
votes
2answers
182 views

“Имя числительное” или “номер”?

Какая разница между словами "числительные" и "номера"?
1
vote
1answer
187 views

Противоположность понятий “чудовище” / “монстр”

Как назвать человека который поражает своими особыми свойствами/качествами одним словом? Если в негативном ключе, то можно использовать слова монстр/чудовище. А если хочется в положительном смысле? (...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

Strange use of 'и': для этого и делается

I was listening at Navalny's phone call and at some point he says: ровно для этого и делается доклад It is supposed to translate to: this is exactly what the report is for What I understand so far:...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

Why is the Russian word Лошадь (horse) so similar to the word площадь (square)? [closed]

I am just starting to learn Russian and I noticed that these 2 words are very similar. Are they actually related? Is a square a place to keep your horse? Thanks in advance.
4
votes
5answers
426 views

What's the difference between “потерпеть” and “вытерпеть”?

Why this sentence says: Я не могу больше вытерпеть. and didn't say : Я не могу больше потерпеть. What's the difference between "потерпеть" and "вытерпеть"?
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Было and infinitive [closed]

I am trying to read a book in russian: "Быть императрицей. Повседневная жизнь на троне." by Елена Первушина but sometimes I have problems understanding. I have doubts. Could you please tell ...
1
vote
5answers
316 views

Несколько - это сколько?

Какое максимальное и минимальное количество подразумевает слово "несколько"? Например: Если я сказал, что верну деньги через несколько дней, а вернул через 10 дней, выполнил ли я обещание? ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

“Ищи меня” - why not “ищи мне”? [closed]

The translator say "ищи меня" means "search for me". At first I thought, okay, this seems correct because ищи is the imperative of искать. However, my dictionary say that you use ...
6
votes
3answers
960 views

Is there any difference between “окно” and “окошко”?

I had learned in a lesson that the word for Window in Russian was Окно. But later I noticed in the lyrics from Молчат дома - судно, that on the verse Окошко, Тумбочка, Кровать, Окошко stands for ...
1
vote
2answers
260 views

Pronunciation of “поздно” (late)

The word поздно (late) is pronounced as [ˈpoznə]. So the д is not spoken. I do not understand why the д vanishes here in this case. Which grammar rule tells me this?
2
votes
2answers
223 views

Difference between “свидание” and “встреча”?

Would anyone be so kind as to explain to me the difference between видание and встреча? I looked them up in various dictionaries and depending on the dictionary, both are sometimes translated either ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Pronunciation of “подъезд” if it would be “подьезд”?

I came across the word подъезд [pɐdˈjest]. I am aware of the fact that there is a j added, as the e comes after the ъ. However, I wondered why it is a ъ and not a ь here. How would the word be ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Pronunciation and IPA transcription of “Нева”

I learned different grammar rules. Regarding vowels I learned the rule that there is an "j" added / vowels are spoken with a j if: in the beginning of a word (like яблоко [jáblaka]) after a ...
5
votes
2answers
215 views

Using the future in the meaning of 'would'

So recently I was looking up some sentences on reverso.net, and I noticed that most of the translations of 'would' would most often use the compound or perfective future. I asked some Russian friends ...
2
votes
2answers
275 views

Как перевести на русский слово “prepster”?

Слово образовано из слияния preppy + hipster. Словарь дает такое определение: "культурный маргинал, сочетающий консервативное и либеральное". Preppy = старомодный, hipster = неформал (...

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