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Help me read this captcha [closed]

I'm registering an account on 4pda forum, but I don't know the Russian language :) I can use Google translate later when posting something. There is a small captcha in the end of the register page (...
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-3 votes
0 answers
133 views

What is the origin of "Русские"?

Just to recap. In Old Nordic something along the lines of "Rods" meant "rowers", "men who row" → then it gave name to one Swedish coastal region, "Roslagen" → ...
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1 vote
2 answers
109 views

Жарко́е: fried or roasted?

According to Ozhegov dictionary, Жарко́е is Жареное кушанье, обычно мясное. As Жареное can mean both fried or roasted, this definition is somewhat ambiguous. The Oxford Russian Dictionary translates ...
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  • 343
2 votes
2 answers
131 views

"Нефть, которой избегают" или "которую"?

Сosider this sentence "Нефтеперерабатывающие заводы в этих странах раскупают дешевую российскую нефть, которой избегает большинство западных покупателей." Shouldn't the part "нефть, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
229 views

How is "дача" related to "дать"?

I recently began working through "Leveraging Your Russian with Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes" by Gary Browning, David K. Hart and Raisa Solovyova. In it, they list дача as being derived ...
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  • 113
3 votes
2 answers
151 views

The strange behavior of “обо” (=about), apparently valid only for two expressions? What is the historical reason?

In Russian, the preposition “o” when meaning "about" becomes “обо” when we say “обо мне” (=about me) and “обо всей книге” (=about all the book) but why do we then say: “о многих книгах » (=...
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  • 195
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

What are the lyrics to this song translated into english? [closed]

Улыбка - Крошка енот - Moscow Boys' Choir DEBUT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ANNQrVKUjws The video says its from the song or poem Smile from "Baby Raccoon".
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  • 21
0 votes
2 answers
79 views

Conflicting accusative case declensions

I recently bought Russian For Dummies and it says that the only thing in the accusative case that depends on animacy is for consonant (zero) endings (animate -> add -a, inanimate -> no change). ...
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4 votes
2 answers
94 views

Aspect and tense for the verb Войти/Bxодить

In a charming old book "Russian Through Pictures" designed by Harvard University we have a picture of a mother and daughter preparing to enter a shop, and the text underneath says Они ...
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1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Translating constructions of the form "a lot to..." and "little to..."

I was wondering how to translate constructions of the form "a lot to ..." or "little to ..." in Russian. For example "I have little to say", "I have a lot to do"...
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  • 385
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

On the etymology of Чубайс

I am curious about the origin of Anatoly Borisovich's family name. Is it derived from Чуб? Or, perhaps, do Чубайс and Чуб have a common origin? Is anything at all known about it?
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0 votes
1 answer
41 views

Would someone have an Excel list of at least 20’000 most frequent Russian lemmas with part of speech based on a large and modern corpus?

For non-commercial purposes (personal research), I have researched the resources freely available on Internet and have found lists that did not contain lemmas with part of speech or were based upon ...
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  • 195
4 votes
3 answers
164 views

In the impersonal expression “Мне везёт” (=I am lucky), what was originally the implicit subject and what would be its literal translation?

I understand that in the expression “Мне везёт”, it is not the transitive verb “везти́” (to carry by transportation - unidirectional) that is used but it is the intransitive verb “везти́”, meaning to ...
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  • 195
2 votes
2 answers
81 views

Записаться на курсы, genitiv/accusativ case

I have the following sentence: Я хочу записаться на курсы немецкого языка. english: I would like to register/sign up for the german language course(s). The question of the case is to be answered ...
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  • 195
1 vote
4 answers
243 views

How do you pronounce время?

I've been studying Russian for like 3-4 years and I still don't know how to pronounce this word. I see the я and I want to say ya but the more I listen to people speak the more it sounds like vremeh ...
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  • 41
3 votes
1 answer
83 views

What is the difference between Посещать and Навещать

What is the difference between Посещать and Навещать? I think that they both mean "to visit".
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0 votes
3 answers
125 views

What is the difference between возложить and наложить?

Both возлагать/возложить and накладывать/наложить seem to have the meaning of putting something onto others. But I could not find anything that explains the difference between two. So what difference ...
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  • 1,135
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

Expressing irony and sarcasm

How would you translate sarcastic phrases like "oh yeah, that would be GREAT" in reaction to unwanted advances?
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  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

Есть ли у русского языка официальный словарь?

Существует ли у русского языка единый официальный, "авторитетный" (толковый, и не только) словарь? В рунете ясного ответа не нашёл, кроме этой древненькой статейки. Какое состояние дел на ...
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  • 149
0 votes
1 answer
89 views

What does что ~ что ... mean?

In the following sentence: Французы различают стадии отношений, а в России как бы считается важным максимально быстро начать пользоваться такими называниями как "жена", "моя жена" ...
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  • 1,135
-2 votes
3 answers
122 views

Can someone help explain case declension

In my work book there are a set of rules for Nominative case ect. Now what I’m having trouble with is what the difference is between (first declension, second declension, and third declension.) In the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
87 views

Does отходить/отойти include the moving by train?

While learning on Memrise course (Top 10,000 words, Part 1), I found that отоходить/отойти shows the meaning of not only leaving by foot, but also leaving by train. The user-based Memrise course often ...
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  • 1,135
1 vote
0 answers
79 views

How to detect automated translations? [closed]

I got a translation from a translator which I found online and feel like they might not know Russian at all and just used some of the services like Google translate. I wonder if there is some way to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Detailed rules when о (=about) becomes об or обо?

I have gathered from various sites/resources, the following rules concerning the preposition “o” which, when its meaning is “about”, is always followed by the prepositional case (предложный падеж): 1. ...
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  • 195
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

The perfective verb опереться (to lean on) has the strangest conjugation in the future and imperative, what is the etymological reason for it?

From the impf/pf pair опираться/опереться (=to lean on), опереться seems to be the only verb that exhibits the following strange conjugations, though apparently belonging to the -e- conjugation group: ...
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  • 195
0 votes
1 answer
97 views

Should I use singular or plural after некоторый?

In the following sentence: Некоторые мужчины/мужчин плохие. I'm not sure whether the singular or the plural should be used. At least in my dictionary, for the entry сколько, it says that if the noun ...
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  • 1,135
1 vote
2 answers
98 views

What's the most common usage and meaning of the verb исходить, which belongs to two impf/pf verb pairs, each with a different meaning?

According to a table of frequency I found, the verb исходить ranks pretty high (1716 out of 100,000). However, since it has two usages and meanings, I wonder which one is most frequently used: in the ...
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  • 195
2 votes
2 answers
167 views

Singular usage of волосы

The word волосы only exists now in plural form. Was the obsolete form волос ever used to refer to anything but a single strand of hair, like in a mass noun (e.g., мокрый волос instead of мокрые волосы)...
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  • 4,902
1 vote
2 answers
157 views

What's the difference between дочь and дочка?

What's the difference between дочь and дочка? They seem synonymous, so how does one choose between one or the other?
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Russian use the Cyrillic Thousands Sign (“҂” U+0482)?

In English (at least in North America, don't know about other English area) you see things like 10k as an abbreviation of 10000. I'm wondering if Russian does something similar, particularly ...
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  • 81
4 votes
2 answers
91 views

Tenses used in relative clauses

а) Читая книгу, Иван не обращал внимания на то, что происходило вокруг. б) Читая книгу, Иван не обращал внимания на то, что происходит вокруг. Are both sentences correct? Do they have the same meaning?...
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  • 343
1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Epenthetic л: why there is no л in the conjugation of the verb звать between the в and the ё in зовёшь, зовёт, зовём and зовёте?

I understand that an epenthetic л should always appear between any of the five labial consonants б, п, м, ф and в and the sound /j/ (except in front of the sound /ja/), so that, for example, in the ...
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  • 195
0 votes
2 answers
219 views

"спасая от ветра", what is the meaning of this phrase?

I recently came across this phrase, and it seemed very poetic when I translated it. Unfortunately, I cannot find the origin of it. "Что тебя держит, спасая от ветра, я, к сожалению, понять не ...
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1 vote
1 answer
43 views

First conjugation verbs and first person singular in -ю or in -y ? What is the phonological or orthographical underlying rule?

It seems that for first conjugation verbs (or -e- conjugation verbs i.e. those with endings in -ю/-у, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют/ут), the -y ending is always used at the first person singular after any ...
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  • 195
4 votes
2 answers
546 views

Using ordinal numbers for elapsed time

Иван начал жить в Москве шестого января 2017. Сегодня четвертое апреля 2022. Следовательно а) Иван живет в Москве пятый год. б) Иван живет в Москве шестой год. Which phrase is correct?
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  • 343
2 votes
1 answer
80 views

Exact rules governing consonant changes as seen in the first person singular in verb conjugations

Apparently, in verbs ending in -ить (but maybe others are also concerned), the last letter of the stem for the first person singular changes according to the following pattern: д becomes ж as in ...
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  • 195
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

Complete rules for the epenthetic л in verb conjugations

My question is twofold: What are the complete and exact rules that govern the epenthetic л in verb conjugations i.e. the л that is inserted either just in the first person singular of certain –и ...
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  • 195
1 vote
2 answers
105 views

About grapes (виноград) and grapes (винограды)

I understand that in Russian, виноград is a collective noun implying the plural “grapes”. However, when looking into it in Wikislovar (https://ru.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B3%D1%...
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  • 195
3 votes
3 answers
199 views

About sugar, tea and raisins and their partitive case (сахару, ча́ю, изюму, кишмишу)

I've noticed that some words, such as sugar (сахар), tea (чай) and raisins (изюм or кишмиш), have a partitive case (разделительный падеж), different from their genitive. However, I've also heard that ...
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  • 195
3 votes
1 answer
109 views

What does "целый муравейник в поле загонял бы" mean?

In the comments to this video about БК-0010, there is a comment За такой комп в детстве бы целый муравейник в поле загонял!!!! I'm given to understand that комп is just short for компьютер, so that ...
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  • 1,263
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

Verbs that require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature

Apparently, there is a number of verbs that may require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature. If it's a specific, concrete object, the accusative would apply: I wait for ...
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  • 195
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Is there a resource that would list what case verbs require?

In Russian, there are verbs that require a certain case but also verbs that can be used with more than one case (typically verbs with either accusative or genitive-partitive). Would there be a ...
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  • 195
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Why the distinction between animate/inanimate appears in masculine accusative but only in feminine plural?

What is the reason in terms of the history of the language and is there the exact same difference in other Slavic or non-Slavic languages ?
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  • 195
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

From a grammatical perspective, what's the difference between Доверие и доверительность and доверчивость?

What's the Difference between Доверие and доверительность and доверчивость, grammatically speaking?
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1 vote
2 answers
116 views

Is it possible to write «я слушаю музыки» and what would be its meaning?

Usually we encounter «я слушаю музыку» (I listen to music - accusative) but would it be possible, as music is uncountable, to use the partitive-genitive: я слушаю музыки» ? If it is possible and does ...
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  • 195
1 vote
3 answers
110 views

Would somoene have a pretty complete list of masculine nouns that have an irregular plural in -а (or in -я for nouns ending in -ь)?

Singular Plural English адрес адреса address берег берега shore бок бока side буфер буфера buffer век векa century вексель векселя promissory note вечер вечера evening глаз глаза eye год года ...
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  • 195
2 votes
2 answers
626 views

Is there a difference between "21 час" and "21 часа"

Based on what I've seen so far, the case should follow the last number, 21 (one - один) should be nom. sing. but when I was looking at the macbook pro on apple's web site, they describe the battery ...
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3 votes
1 answer
257 views

Why is the accusative of животное not животного?

In the following sentence: Ты прячешь животное. Why is it "животное", not "животного"? In Russian, an animal is considered an animate object, and животное is conjugated much like ...
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  • 1,135
3 votes
2 answers
170 views

Is the phrase "Сумма денег" grammatically correct?

Is the phrase "Сумма денег" grammatically correct? My tutor was teaching me about "тавтология" and said that this phrase was a case of it. I asked my Russian friends about it and ...
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3 votes
4 answers
2k views

What's the difference between "уродиться" and "родиться"?

As the title says, what's the difference between these two verbs? I've seen the latter used in this sentence: Он таким уродился. Couldn't one use the verb "родиться" in this case as well? ...
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