3

From what I understand, both can mean activity, but действие also means action.

However, they seem similar enough that I don't know when to use which.

According to this frequency list, действие is ranked #83 among Russian nouns, #302 overall. деятельность is ranked #94 among Russian nouns, #322 overall. Given the prevalence of these 2 words, I believe a deeper understanding of when to use each is necessary.

3

Деятельность is mostly about working activities, while действие is about actions and functioning activities.

But note that the notion of working activity is rather vague. For example, higher nervous activity = высшая нервная деятельность, that is brain really works, not just functioning etc.

0

Действие means that the process will be short. Деятельность is the long-running process.

For example:

  • brushing teeth is a short process. It's an action as действие.
  • working activity is a long process so it means рабочая деятельность
1
  • 2
    Also, it will a good example that action (действие) has begin and end, however activity (деятельность) sometimes doesn't have the end. – Rustam Safin Jan 17 '16 at 18:53
0

Действие is a single act while деятельность is a number of different actions with (or without) common purpose.

So, деятельность can consist of many действие.

0

I believe действие is action, while деятельность is activity. And I can't remember any exceptions.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.