Why does молчать verb belong to second conjugation? According to for example https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Russian_verbs all verbs ending with -ать except держать, слышать, дышать belong to the first conjugation.

1 Answer 1


This wiktionary entry is wrong, there are many more conjugation II verbs ending in -ать than listed there: журчать, кричать, мычать etc.

They probably only list the verbs which don't have stress on the ending in corresponding forms (молчи́т, кричи́т but слы́шит, ды́шит), which makes it hard to tell the conjugation, as и and е are phonetically indistinguishable in Russian in that position.

  • So is there any way to doubtlessly determine verb conjugation? Mar 1, 2016 at 19:54
  • 4
    @MarcinAugustynowicz: You can tell the verb conjugation if you know how to pronounce its, say, 2 sg. form. If its ending is stressed, you're done; if it's not, you should check if it's one of the exceptions listed in the wiktionary entry, otherwise apply the rules for the infinitive form.
    – Quassnoi
    Mar 1, 2016 at 20:29
  • Jacobson suggested a system for determining conjugation of verbs with stressed present as well in "Russian conjugation".
    – Viridianus
    Mar 2, 2016 at 20:00

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