4

Why does молчать verb belong to second conjugation? According to for example https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Russian_verbs all verbs ending with -ать except держать, слышать, дышать belong to the first conjugation.

4

This wiktionary entry is wrong, there are many more conjugation II verbs ending in -ать than listed there: журчать, кричать, мычать etc.

They probably only list the verbs which don't have stress on the ending in corresponding forms (молчи́т, кричи́т but слы́шит, ды́шит), which makes it hard to tell the conjugation, as и and е are phonetically indistinguishable in Russian in that position.

3
  • So is there any way to doubtlessly determine verb conjugation? Mar 1 '16 at 19:54
  • 4
    @MarcinAugustynowicz: You can tell the verb conjugation if you know how to pronounce its, say, 2 sg. form. If its ending is stressed, you're done; if it's not, you should check if it's one of the exceptions listed in the wiktionary entry, otherwise apply the rules for the infinitive form.
    – Quassnoi
    Mar 1 '16 at 20:29
  • Jacobson suggested a system for determining conjugation of verbs with stressed present as well in "Russian conjugation".
    – Viridianus
    Mar 2 '16 at 20:00

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.