4

How do you construct a sentence like I heard you talking or maybe I saw you walking?

2
  • Explaining the difference between "I saw you talk to him" and "I saw you talking to him"we usually use different conjunctions.Я видел, что ты разговаривал с ним.and Я видел, как ты разговаривал с ним. We build a sentence with a subordinate clause. – V.V. Nov 5 '16 at 1:40
  • 1
    With some verbs we can use a noun. I found him reading. Я застал его за чтением. – V.V. Nov 5 '16 at 2:49
1

Here is a straight-forward translation:

  • I heard you talking. - Я слышал, как ты разговаривала.
  • I saw you walking. - Я виделa, как ты шёл.

In a spoken speech [как] could be dropped, especially when English participle has some dependent words:

  • I heard you talking on the phone. - Я слышал, ты разговаривала по телефону.
  • I saw you walking in the park. - Я видела, ты гулял в парке.

You can also use Russian participles:

  • I saw you talking. - Я видел тебя разговаривающей.
  • I saw you walking. - Я видел тебя гуляющим.
  • However, слышал тебя разговаривающей." sounds unnatural to me.

Be careful when some expressions have idiomatic meaning:

  • Я слышала, ты гулял. "Я слышала" could mean "I heard a rumour". "Он гуляет" could mean "He is a playboy / goes around." The participles "гуляющий" and "гулящий" have distinctly different meanings,
4
  • 1
    Complex object shouldn't be translated with the present participle, it's considered like a "bad translation " – V.V. Nov 5 '16 at 1:45
  • 1
    Гулящий isn't a participle, it can be an adjective or a noun. – V.V. Nov 5 '16 at 6:59
  • @V.V. "Я видел тебя гулявшей в парке?" This is using past participle. Is it considered better style, than present participle? – Vitaly Nov 5 '16 at 13:44
  • Sorry, the most common translators' mistake is using a calque, a loan translation. – V.V. Nov 7 '16 at 7:29

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.