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Despite the fact that both ходить and ехать are imperfective verbs, the verbs formed by adding prefixes to ходить are imperfective, while those formed by adding prefixes to ехать are perfective.

Question 2: Why doesn't ходить form perfective verbs when adding prefixes, with the imperfective forms created by adding the same prefix to the iterative/frequentive form of ходить, хаживать?

(It gets even more confusing if one also compares how verbs are formed for возить/везти/носить/нести when adding prefixes, but I will stop here for now.)

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    сходить, уходить (кого-то), походить (чем-то), вы́ходить are all perfective. – Quassnoi Jun 20 '17 at 16:52
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    Походить(чем-то) and выходить --что делать? – V.V. Jun 20 '17 at 17:06
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    @V.V. походить ферзём, выходить больную собаку – Quassnoi Jun 20 '17 at 18:13
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    Походить на него лицом, выходить из комнаты. – V.V. Jun 20 '17 at 19:46
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    @Chill2Macht: yes, there are imperfective уходить and походить (homophones) and выходи́ть (a homograph differing in stress), with completely different meanings, though. Походить (perfective) means "to make a move", as in a game of chess. Not all verbs come in pf./impf. pairs in Russian. – Quassnoi Jun 20 '17 at 20:51
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There are lots of verbs with prefixes derived from идти.

войти, найти, пойти, сойти, прийти, уйти, подойти, etc.

In these verbs "и" changes to -й- and -дт- changes to original -т- ( The original form was "ити"). There was a form "придти", which is obsolete now and we use прийти instead.

This verb has the form приду (not прийду), придешь, придут in the future tense omitting the letter й. But other verbs войду, пойду, уйду, подойду don't drop it. In the past tense there is a form шёл, шла, шло, шли and with the corresponding prefixes we have пошёл, сошёл, вышел, перешёл, etc.

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