1

Consider the first line of the famous song Катюша:

Расцветали яблони и груши

In English, this line roughly translates to "Apples and pears were blossoming". However, the plural noun "apples" in Russian is usually яблоки, not яблони as found in the song. What's the difference between яблоки and яблони?

Perhaps яблони is better translated to something like an uncounted noun "apple", as in "Apple and pear were blossoming".

1
  • 5
    Additional note - in Russian, there is a word for apple tree - "яблоня", but there is no word for pear tree. Thus "груши" means both pear trees (in this song's context) and pear fruits (default context).
    – Alexander
    Sep 20 '17 at 22:27
12

I think яблони refers to the apple trees while яблоки refers to the apples.

4
  • facepalm I should have just used Google translate.
    – DanielSank
    Sep 20 '17 at 20:30
  • @DanielSank I better use www.translate.ru ;-) it is custom tailored for Russian, while Google/Bing just use Monte Carlo :-D
    – Arioch
    Sep 21 '17 at 8:46
  • @Arioch Если не монти карло, то что? Sep 23 '17 at 1:46
  • @IntrepidNomad a specialized engine. It supports much less languages, but recognize more nuances and is not influenced by political flamewars. Previously there were two major engines, ProMT-Stylus and Socrat. I liked latter more, but it ceased to exist. The link to the former is in my comment above. Take different styles of text (poetic, technical, political) and run through both engines to make a comparison
    – Arioch
    Sep 25 '17 at 9:07

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.