2

I'm wondering when to use one or the other, as at least based on their English translations, they are hardly distinguishable.

4

Одежда is any clothing in general (usually except "underwear" which is "(нижнее) бельё").

Платье solely means a female dress (see images) in modern Russian. And only occasionally, in some archaic and/or poetic contexts, you'll find it used for whatever wear/dress (e.g. "новое платье короля").

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    Interestingly, a wardrobe is "платяной шкаф", even though their use is not meant to be exclusive to women. :D – Con-gras-tue-les-chiens Sep 18 '18 at 17:01
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    "платяной шкаф" - indeed, and this is exactly the legacy of this older much wider meaning of "платье" (and probably because of that "платяной шкаф" also sounds quite archaic today - I believe most people would prefer to say "шкаф для одежды" or simply "шкаф" instead. But that could just my subjective observation - more research needed :) – seven-phases-max Sep 18 '18 at 17:09
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    While "одежда" doesn't mean "underwear", "без одежды" in some context could mean "naked, without underwear too". – Dmitriy Sep 18 '18 at 20:40
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    @Con-gras-tue-les-chiens платяной шкаф is indeed quite rare nowadays, there's another word sounding similar to wardrobe which is гардероб both as a place and as a collection, not sure how common it is, but i use it – Баян Купи-ка Sep 18 '18 at 21:10
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    одёжка (from одёжа, which isn't a part of modern vocabulary) is not quite the same as одежда, besides the fact that it's a diminutive form of одежда, usually it means A) one piece of clothing to the exclusion of pants and headwear + B) special type of clothing, for special purpose for example a dog clothing could be called одёжка, in the meaning of одежда it's mainly features in some proverbs – Баян Купи-ка Sep 19 '18 at 21:10

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