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The lack of the inflection of the verb to be in the present tense makes me confused sometimes. How would one say "I know what I am" in Russian?

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Я знаю, чтО/кто я есть

The conjugation in the Present tense is dead simple - есть is the only form. It can be replaced with являться which does conjugate according to grammatical person like any standard verb.

So it can be translated also as

Я знаю, кем я являюсь

A synonymous expression without the verb to be is

Я знаю, кто я такой

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  • 8
    It can also be dropped entirely: "Я знаю, кто я".
    – Joker_vD
    Nov 21 '18 at 12:05

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