2

My Kenneth Katzner dictionary translates grasshopper only as "кузнечик". And if you look up in virtually any internet dictionary, it is still "кузнечик". No more, no less.

However, I recently found that there exists a bug called katydid. Katydids have a green body, very long antennae, and if I do not mistake, they make their sounds using their wings rather than their hind legs.

Thus I have been confused. Katydid = кузнечик? Then how do you translate "grasshopper"? I'd appreciate more information about this issue.

  • 3
    I'm sure that an average English speaker would not be able to distinguish a katydid from a grasshopper. As well as an average Russian speaker would not be able to distinguish a кузнечик from whatever a katydid is. It's all grasshoppers and кузнечики. – Abakan Dec 14 '18 at 16:16
  • according to Multitran katydid in Russian is зелёный кузнечик and a number of other more scientific names – Баян Купи-ка Dec 14 '18 at 16:21
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    both are translated as "кузнечик" - this happens, terms for species not necessarily have one-to-one correspondence in different languages. – shabunc Dec 14 '18 at 16:32
  • by the way famous (at least in my time) Russian children's song "В траве сидел кузнечик" must be about katydid since according to the narrative it was зелёненький – Баян Купи-ка Dec 14 '18 at 18:43
  • Names of animals, fruits, plants in different languages is always a difficult problem. Usually lay people add something to classifications, so it could be a problem to define in a dictionary something which may have folk names. For example, the extinct sea cows were actually not cows, but the word cow was used in some languages. – alexsms Dec 17 '18 at 7:47
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To be honest, this is the first time I encounter the word katydis.

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Wikipedia says they belong to the family Tettigoniidae (Настоящие кузнечики) which belongs to suborder Ensifera, order Orthoptera.

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Grasshoppers is an informal group of insects of the suborder Caelifera (Короткоусые прямокрылые) in the same order Orthoptera (Прямокрылые).

To a Russian person without zoological background all these insects would perfectly qualify as кузнечики.

3

It seems to me that most urban residents do not distinguish кузнечика, сверчка and цикаду. Except that саранча can be separately noted, because it is much larger. Therefore, I think that even if you make a mistake in the choice of a word, almost no one will notice.
As for me personally, on the territory of the exUSSR I most often meet grasshoppers.

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    Me, too. I live in Moldova and I have encountered grasshoppers only; they are plentiful. Katydids probably live in North America or so. – Alexander Dec 15 '18 at 9:54
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Perhaps, you mean саранча? The difference is somewhere in the field of biology. :)

  • and entomology.. – Баян Купи-ка Dec 15 '18 at 9:22
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    Well, I thought "саранча" is translated as locust. My excuses if I'm wrong. – Alexander Dec 15 '18 at 9:53
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    @Alexander, locust is саранча и цикада, саранча is locust and grasshopper. :) – Elena Dec 15 '18 at 10:28
0

To be honest I'd say most Russian speakers would call those "кузнечик", with some (being more familiar maybe with nature) - "сверчок".

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