1

I am currently learning how to use verbs of motion with the prefixes у- and при- to express that someone departs from or arrives at a certain location.

However, I struggle with the following sentence from a textbook:

Каждый раз я _____ (1) в новый город и скоро _____ (2) обратно, в Волгоград.

My attempt to fill the gaps is as follows:

  1. Choice of verbs: Given options are walking, driving or flying. I figured that either е́хать or е́здить would fit best to express "travelling" in a more general sense:

    • уе́хать / уе́здить (to depart)
    • прие́хать / прие́здить (to arrive)
  2. Choice of direction: When it comes to the correct prefixes, I struggle for the first time. For (1) I'm pretty sure that the prefix should be при-, since the person arrives in a new town every time. In cloze (2), however, would one use у- or при-? Does the person soon leave to return to Volgograd (у-) or does the person soon come back to Volgograd (при-)?

  3. Choice of aspect: Another challenge is picking the right aspect, i.e. е́хать or е́здить. I learned that when something happens repeatedly, I'd rather use е́здить. Though the person travels multiple times (каждый раз), I feel е́хать is more suitable here. Although traveling multiple times, each incident in itself is closed (i.e. perfected verb).

So my educated guess would be:

Каждый раз я прие́хала (1) в новый город и скоро уе́хала (2) обратно, в Волгоград.

Since I have nowhere to validate my guess, I hope someone on here - maybe a native speaker - can explain what the correct answer is in terms of prefixes and which aspect to use.

4
  • 2
    the verbs ездить, плавать, лазать, прыгать, бЕгать, пОлзать, пАдать (to name a few, don't have a comprehensive list) don't exist with prefixes у- and при- and in fact with most prefixes, of the last three two do receive these and most other prefixes but change the stress при-/убегАть, при-/уползАть while the 3d receives them with the stress shift припадАть etc. to the exclusion of the prefix у-, ездить in most prefixed forms not only changes stress but also its base into езжАть Apr 8 '19 at 17:44
  • 1
    Verb choice here depends on context. Without context, "при-/у-" would be correct. Ex: "Каждый раз я приезжаю в новый город и скоро уезжаю обратно, в Волгоград". But if the context is point of origin/return, then verbs are reversing. Ex: "Вы не скучаете по своей семье?" - "Каждый раз я уезжаю в новый город и скоро приезжаю обратно, в Волгоград." ("Do you miss your family?" - "Every time I go to a new city, but soon return back, to Volgograd.")
    – Alexander
    Apr 8 '19 at 18:46
  • I would say this phrase is very innatural to me. I wonder if the textbook was written by some native Russian-speaker or some foreign person who studied Russian as foreign language himself.... "Каждый раз" and "скоро" just do not fit one another. "Каждый раз [как, когда] я приезжаю (или приеду) в новый город" - is quite a good phrase with repetitive/habit aspect. "Я скоро уеду обратно" is equaly goos non-repetitive "perfect tense" phrase, kind a "soon i'll be gone back home". But together they just do not fit at all! There are idiomatic ways to express repetitive going back.
    – Arioch
    Apr 10 '19 at 13:10
  • But they would be different. So I quite understand your confusion - it is really a hard choice you are to make, when two parts of a sentence fight one another.
    – Arioch
    Apr 10 '19 at 13:11
2

Каждый раз я приезжаю/прилетаю__ (1) в новый город и скоро уезжаю/улетаю ___ (2) обратно, в Волгоград.

1 Choice of verbs: you can travel by car, train or fly. Приезжать/прилетать, уезжать/улетать.

2.You chose directions correctly, because there's a certain opposition: come and go Ездить is ok without prefix, with prefixes we use приезжать, уезжать. If there's no opposition you can use приехать обратно /приезжать обратно.

Я всегда с радостью приезжаю обратно /возвращаюсь (return). Вчера она прилетела назад в Волгоград.

3 Aspect. For repeated actions we use imperfective (каждый раз), present time.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.