2

I searched it on yandex images but there doesn't seem to be a really exact definition? Isn't it a noun?

  • 1
    It can be 1) a counter as a synonym for один (раз, два, три, четыре, пять, ...); 2) "once again he did it" = в который раз он это сделал; 3) "once and for all" = раз и навсегда*; What time do I hee him (again)? = Который раз я его вижу? – Arhadthedev Apr 26 '19 at 0:34
  • 1
    @Arhad , why wouldn't you put your Comment as an Answer? – Michael_1812 Apr 26 '19 at 1:11
  • @Michael_1812 Bare translations are not welcomed on Rus.SE, so this question will be probably closed. Therefore, for now, I published just a short comment instead of spending time and effort on a long answer with proper research for more examples. – Arhadthedev Apr 26 '19 at 1:16
3

@Arhad said it right. To his answer, I would only add that on some occasions "раз" is used in the meaning "once":

Раз явился я на работу раньше положенного.

In combination with "однажды", it can mean "once upon a time", though this is a rare situation (and very conversational). This is an example from Vyssotsky's song:

Раз однажды гулял по столице я.

Also, in gymnastics or in the army, your coach or sergeant can command "Раз-два!" оr "Раз-два-три!" to give you rhythm.

| improve this answer | |
3

To add to all the previous explanations, Раз is one of these multifaceted words in Russian, that as a part of speech, раз can be not only a noun - it depends on its use and meaning, and in time and with practice you will get used to the complexity of using it.

As a noun, раз can indicate an instance of previous events, situations, actions, as @Arhad gave examples:

2) "once again he did it" = в который раз он это сделал;

or an occurrence,

3) "once and for all" = раз и навсегда*; What time do I hee him (again)? = Который раз я его вижу?

or indicate how much something has increased/decreased:

 Цены на хлеб выросли в пять раз. - Bread prices have increased five times.

as a pronoun, it means "one", like in the above example: "Раз-два!" оr "Раз-два-три!" or in a famous children's song:

Раз словечко, два словечко - будет песенка. - One - word, two - word, here goes a song.  

as an adverb, раз means once, one day, once upon a time:

Раз в крещенский вечерок девушки гадали. (с) Vasily Zhukovsky - Once on Epiphany Eve, girls were fortune-telling. 

It can also act as a verb, indicating unexpected quick action:

Ньютон сидел под деревом и раз - ему на голову упало яблоко. Newton was sitting under a tree and poof - an apple fell down onto his head.

Раз can also serve as a conjunction:

Раз ты не хочешь делиться яблоком, то я не поделюсь с тобой шоколадкой. Since you don't want to share your apple with me, I won't share my chocolate with you.
| improve this answer | |

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.