I've heard that in Russian the words are generally constructed with a root and have specific prefixes or suffixes added to them (I think the proper linguistics term for this is derivational morphology)...
I'm trying to work out the construction of "подтвержда́ть " (imperf). From wikipedia I see that the etymology of the word is as such:
подтверди́ть + -а́ть
And the etymology of подтверди́ть is
под- + твёрдый + -ить
под- (takes adjectives, produces adverbs) and means: completely твёрдый means: hard or solid? ить: to
So the meaning is like "to be completely solid/to be completely firm"?
I'm interested to know how a native Russian speaker would break down this word into the seperate parts and explain it.