I am reading a lot of examples like this: Не потому, что я из россии, и не потому, что я организовываю

I want to know the reason for having a comma between the words because i have asked a few natives and say that if i removed the comma it would make no difference

2 Answers 2


The reason is convention. Just as in English you could spell 'I' as 'i' and it would probably make no difference but the rules tell you to use 'I' because it is the conventional, the 'right' way.

In Russian, the convention is to set off subordinate clauses with commas. Потому is part of the main clause and что belongs to the subordinate clause, hence the comma in between. Notice that there is also a comma on the other side of the subordinate clause - before и in your example.

As a rule of thumb, putting a comma in front of что will be correct in 90% of cases. Many people do it automatically. There are cases though when no comma is needed. E.g. when two subordinate clauses are joined by и with no part of the main clause in between:

  • Не потому, что я из России и что я организовываю.

Notice no comma before the second что.

  • 2
    I think it is worth to mention that there are quite many situations where you have to put comma before "потому что", not in between those two.
    – RadioLog
    Aug 28, 2019 at 9:24
  • 2
    It sets off the first word—потому—that is, it puts focus on it and effectively becomes (because of the fact that--потому, что) vs. the more conventional (because--потому что). ПОТОМУ ЧТО without a comma is perceived as a single entity (word even), as are all the others—с тех пор как, до того как.
    – VCH250
    Aug 29, 2019 at 3:16

The punctuation tradition tells a story about a conjunction "потому что" (preceded by comma by usual reasons) and pronominal adverb "потому" which can be modified by a subordinate clause with "что" (but can also be used independently - same way as determinative pronouns such as "тот" can - "Тот человек, что вошёл сюда").

The variant with comma in between is definitely preferred when there is a modifier like "только" which seems to be related to the adverb part - "только потому, что" is better than ", только потому что" (and much better than the impossible "только, потому что").

This is additionally muddled, however, by the fact that the very same punctuational variation (with explanation along the same lines) is allowed for "несмотря на то(,) что", "для того(,) чтобы" and several others. It is not clear whether there is a limited list for "omit the comma" (though "потому что" seems one of the most robust cases) or it is enough to be anything that contains the "тот" pronoun etymologically and can be replaced by a single word ("ибо", "хотя" and "чтобы" respectively for the cases above).

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