Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?

  • 1
    В словах Гольфстрим и ангстрем произносятся все пять подряд идущих согласных.
    – user31264
    Commented Sep 14, 2019 at 17:56
  • I think that this question while technically being on-topic is of a very poor quality - so I've down-voted it.
    – shabunc
    Commented Sep 14, 2019 at 18:43
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    @shabunc Sorry, but I do not understand why this question is of a poor quality. I could not find the answer of it based on the Russian pronunciation rules I found so far on the Internet. I am sure other Russian students will ask themselves the same question. Also, if the answer is simple, it is a pity you took your time to criticize instead of quickly providing a short answer. Commented Sep 14, 2019 at 19:19
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    "k" is not pronounced in "know" because most English letters can be pronounced in many distinct ways and there are no rules to decide how to choose the correct pronunciation (or at least there are so many exceptions that the rules are not worth learning). The pronunciation of each word must be learned by heart. That is not the case with several other languages with more regular spelling, such as German, Spanish and Russian. In those, usually a student learns the pronunciation rules and the few exceptions to them. I just need to know whether this word is an exception of the pronunciation rules. Commented Sep 14, 2019 at 20:54
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    @AlanEvangelista ah, I see, I've revoked my downvote and will try to answer.
    – shabunc
    Commented Sep 14, 2019 at 21:29

2 Answers 2


The only words in Russian ending by олнц are derivatives from "солнце". In all the rest of the words with олн + vowel л is alway pronounced. I'm aware only of two words with олн + consonant, that are:

  • чолнт - л is pronounced in this word.
  • Солнзас (or Солнзап) - it's a river and as far as I know л is pronounced there.

So yes, that's an exception. But, strictly speaking, statement "in all Russian words with 'олнц' л is always omitted" will be valid.

As a side-note - there are quite a lot of words where one should memorize the Russian pronunciation - in сердце д is mute, in грустно т is mute, in здравствуй first в is mute. I can go on for a while - it's not as crazy as in English - but still. Here's a link that might be useful for you.

  • The commonality between all those words where a consonant is "swallowed" is that it's in a sequence of three consonants (making it harder to pronounce). Which consonant in the sequence gets silenced is about ease of pronunciation. Take the sequence дц in сердце: unless you put a very deliberate stop between those two letters, the first bleeds into the second. Commented Sep 15, 2019 at 20:28

л is not omitted from солнце by everyone. Most do omit it, some do not. Both is correct.

  • Thanks for that information! Is the pronunciation of л in this consonant cluster related to a specific region or is it random in the entire Russia? Commented Sep 16, 2019 at 2:21

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