3

"Рассчитывать", "подсчитывать", what is the difference ? I tried to distinguish them with their roots (раз- out in all directions and под- approach; coming "up to") but even then, they still both translate as "count"/"count on" to me.

6

Both verbs can be translated as "to count" or to "calculate", but "подсчитывать" is closer to count some finite amount of items - when, for instance, one is counting the number of shells, it's "подсчитать количество ракушек" and never "рассчитать". When it's about more complicated calculations, it's usually "рассчитывать"/"раcсчитать", like in "рассчитать, c какой скоростью нужно бросить камень" - "подсчитать" here will sound unnatural.

Also, only "рассчитывать" can be used in a meaning similar to "you can count on me" (ты можешь рассчитывать на меня").

2

"Рассчитывать" has two meanings. First is "to rely" or "will expect to" or "to expect" as "рассчитывать на что-то (на кого-то)". Second meaning is not about counting but about calculation. "Подсчитывать" mainly about very simple arithmetic.

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