Let's suppose some students gather every evening in a student dormitory and make loud noise till late night by playing guitar, talking, singing, laughing, etc., and a female student from the same dormitory reports them to the dean after unsuccessful attempts to resolve the issue by talking directly with the students. One night the dean comes to the dormitory to verify the complaint and witnesses everything himself. Those students are now in deep trouble and are facing a university hearing, with some of them being now in real danger of getting kicked out of the university in view of some previous issues and poor academic records. You want to praise the girl for blowing the whistle. What will you call her in Russian?

I know a few Russian words synonymous to whistleblower, but they seem to be highly negative - ябеда, доносчик, стукач.

I also know some rather neutral words such as информатор and осведомитель, but these words are too generic, meaning informer rather than whistleblower, and still lack a positive connotation.

Is there a positive Russian word for a person who voluntarily and on his or her own initiative reports someone to authorities in a one-off report, having not been recruited as an informer beforehand?

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    I'd suggest the neutral податель жалобы. A similar single word жалобщик means a person who always complains about something. – Alex_ander Jan 4 at 20:00

I think there is a good word изобличитель. In my opinion it suits perfectly. It has positive meaning for people who think that being a prophet gains a profit =) For people who think that unveiling someone’s guiltiness is a good thing to do. Some call Edward Snowden a hero, many others call him a traitor. Those who think he’s a hero can say he is изобличитель преступлений американских спецслужб.

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I don't think there's a single Russian noun to capture all the nuances of the term "whistleblower."

When you are reporting a situation to the authorities, the usual response is спасибо за сигнал, literally "thank you for your signal."

I remember seeing the word сигнальщик as an attempt to translate "whistleblower," but I don't think it has gained any traction.

The stereotype holds it that the anonymous tips are usually signed доброжелатель ("well-meaning person") or неравнодушный гражданин ("concerned citizen"). They do not carry the negative connotation, but people use them mostly in ironical sense. The former more so than the latter, so the latter can mean "whistleblower," too, although its meaning is, of course, broader than just "whistleblower."

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No. Whistleblower is a new concept in Russia because in XX century we were dominated by state-owned enterprises, in which case the word диссидент would be more appropriate (so Snowden for instance can be called диссидент in Russian because he worked for government). But the word seems inappropriate to refer to private enterprises.

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"Is there a positive Russian word for a person who voluntarily and on his or her own initiative reports someone to authorities in. .." - I think no.

But we have words for soldiers who monitor enemies and guard, f.e. "дозорный", "часовой".

But really, this doesn't be appropriate for such students - that is, it will sound not only negative (because it's Russian morale) then - but also very pathos-ironic, mocking.

"..as информатор and осведомитель," - and this is really have negative connotations too, it's more officially synonym for "стукач" :)

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