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I recently found in my dictionary the triple проща́ться (нв.), прости́ться (св.), попроща́ться (св) for to say goodbye. What do the two imperfective forms mean here in particular? Is there a general scheme for the meaning in such cases where there are two perfective forms not only differing by a prefix?

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  • I remember your similar question about imperfective ) russian.stackexchange.com/questions/22370/… - yep, it's. a non-trivial topic in Russian ) – shabunc May 8 '20 at 13:39
  • @shabunc Yes, the only difference is that here I have two perfective forms. – Bubaya May 8 '20 at 13:47
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    sure, it's a different question, nobody argues with that ) – shabunc May 8 '20 at 13:48
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Проститься often means to say goodbye forever or for a long time. Sometimes it means custom to ask forgiveness before parting.

Они простились с усопшим.

Мы простились и он уехал (far away and for a long time).

Прощаться (попрощаться) means to say goodbye before parting for a short period of time. Sometimes it may be applied in the case of parting for a long time or forever.

мы попрощались. (and we will see each other tomorrow or soon)

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    I upvoted your answer but, as I read it, I was thinking that this may vary across regions. I mean, попрощаться с усопшим sounds ideomatic to me too... – tum_ May 8 '20 at 17:09
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"Прости́ться" in the meaning of "saying goodbye" is considered archaic in modern Russian language and "попроща́ться" wold be used instead. For example:

Царь с царицею простился,
В путь-дорогу снарядился,
И царица у окна
Села ждать его одна.

The 1st line nowadays wold look like "царь с царицей попрощался". "Прости́ться" still can be used when saying goodbye forever like leaving for good or final farewell to the deceased.

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    «"Прости́ться" in the meaning of "saying goodbye" is considered archaic in modern Russian language» ??? youtube.com/watch?v=-8L9AmmtgG8 – Elena May 8 '20 at 14:18
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    Yup, I don't feel myself archaic (yet) but I perceive проститься as a "normal" word... – tum_ May 8 '20 at 16:50

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