I believe Russian uses ordinal indicators (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th ... 100th) like this:


What are the rules for assigning the suffix?

  • 1
    There's no general rule. You can find each ordinal number in every dictionary. – Yellow Sky Sep 14 '20 at 14:41
  • 1
    Hi and welcome to Russian.SE! I have hard time figuring out your exact question. It looks like your examples are inconsistent: 10-е is plural, the rest are singular masculine. Could you please clarify what exactly are you asking about? How do Russian ordinals decline? Thanks! – Quassnoi Sep 14 '20 at 14:55
  • your assumption is wrong, -й stands for masculine, while -e for neuter, so it can be, for instance, десятое or десятый. – shabunc Sep 14 '20 at 15:09
  • In fact for all of the ordinals there will be the same suffix: -й for masculine, -я for feminine, and -е both for neuter and plural. – artptr Sep 14 '20 at 17:01
  • To choose the correct suffix, you need to know the grammatical gender of the noun that follows the numeral which you can look up in a dictionary. Then use -й for masculine, -я for feminine, -е for neuter or plural. Exception: -и for plural noun and number 3: 3-и сутки. – Sergey Slepov Sep 15 '20 at 10:05

It depends on the numbered object, especially on grammatical gender and number of this, - like in the inflectional language. By the fact, ordinal numbers are adjectives. So, see the rules for adjective's endings and declinations.




Somebody consider that one last letter is enough ( https://clck.ru/QsBDS ), but , really, you can find often the two letters. : > 1-ый 2-ой 3-ий 4-ый 5-ый 6-ой 7-ой 8-ой 9-ый 10-ый It's for the masculine gender. The feminine gender are 1-ая, and others the same. The neuter gender are 1-ое , etc. .

The last digit in a number only is taken into account. About adj. - Compare "краснЫЙ", f.e.

P.S. Your "1-й" - it's masculine gender. "10-е" - it's neuter gender ( 10-ое neuter gender, if it is singular object, or "десят-ые", 10-ые any gender, if it's a plural something; also one reason for two letters ).

P.P.S. https://youtu.be/r9KlGJ-R5RM :)

  • There are also case forms, like в 5-м пункте 77-го параграфа. A good article: ilyabirman.ru/meanwhile/all/… – Yellow Sky Sep 16 '20 at 20:18
  • 1
    1-ый is considered non-standard. Editors will have you skip the vowel of the ending, or the first vowel if there are two. – Nikolay Ershov Sep 17 '20 at 17:12
  • Nikolay Ershov. or 10-е. Something becomes incomprehensible (see above) if the object isn't described elsewhere. I don't see the point of it. –  Пилум Sep 17 '20 at 17:17
  • Пилум, not only -ый, but also -ое is considered nonstandard, the rule is that there can be either 1 or 2 letters after a numeral, and 2 letters are allowed only if it is a consonant + a vowel letter, two vowel letters in a row are not allowed. Have a look at what gramota.ru says about it: new.gramota.ru/spravka/letters/87-rubric-99 – Yellow Sky Sep 18 '20 at 15:46
  • Yellow Sky, you can read about this on link above too, but it's no matter. I don't consider this to be incorrect and illiterate just uniquely "because" someone there decided something in the "grammar academy", this alone is not a sufficient reason. –  Пилум Sep 19 '20 at 7:12

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.