I am trying to read Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, and I had a question about the word одною in this sentence:

Квартирная же хозяйка его, у которой он нанимал эту каморку с обедом и прислугой, помещалась одною лестницей ниже, в отдельной квартире, и каждый раз, при выходе на улицу, ему непременно надо было проходить мимо хозяйкиной кухни, почти всегда настежь отворенной на лестницу.

What is the root and case of the word одною? I could not find it in the declension table for один. My computer considers it a spelling mistake. Why?

  • 19th century Russian language, especially such specific as Dostoyevsky is not a good source to learn modern Russian. It has different word order and other features. Sometines it is defficult to read by modern Russians. For instance, the word order "Квартирная же хозяйка его" is definitely strange for modern Russian. In modern Russian it would be "Квартирная хозяйка же его" or more likely, completely differently "При этом, его квартирная хозяйка..."
    – Anixx
    Oct 9 '20 at 16:05
  • @Anixx I understand it is not the best way to learn modern Russian, but I love studying older literature. I believe that Dostoevsky in particular was a unique literary genius and has extremely relevant lessons in moral philosophy for the modern world. Actually I am more interested in his philosophy and narrative style than his language.
    – Isa
    Oct 10 '20 at 17:09

Whenever you are looking for a declension of specific word, start from wiktionary and switch to the Russian-language section, in the majority of cases there'll be a table with declensions.

"Один"/"одна" are not exception:

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As you can see, it also can be одной лестницей ниже - this is actually the modern standard. "Одною" is obsolete (but still recognisable and even used to some extent) form, that's why your spell checker considers this a mistake.

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