Если пишется "ёж" и "ёлка", то почему "Йорк", а не "Ёрк"? И наоборот.

  • 2
    Russian orthography is no way phonetic, it's historical-morphological, so expecting phonetic spellings in Russian is all in vain, bro.
    – Yellow Sky
    Jan 14, 2021 at 20:51
  • @йощь Вот здесь (после Вашего вопроса и полученного ответа) есть интересные рассуждения и подтверждённая информация по поводу написания слова "Йорк" — в историко-лингвистическом аспекте. rus.stackexchange.com/questions/463132/… (Как писали «Нью-Йорк» до реформы 1918 года?) Jan 31, 2021 at 21:37

1 Answer 1


Because Russian transliterations are not consistent.

The letter ё didn't make it into Russian before late XVIII century. Church Slavonic language didn't use the sound cluster this letter denotes.

When it came to use, the letter ё had replaced the etymological е in native Russian words.

English names in yo, ye etc. (and names borrowed through English, especially Japanese ones) were traditionally written using iо, iе in Russian: Iоркъ, Нью-Iоркъ, Iорикъ; Iокогама, Iеддо, iенъ etc, although йо was used occasionally as well.

After the orthography reform of 1918, the English names changed the first letter to й (Йорк, Йорик) while the traditional Japanese ones retained the now uniform и: иена, Иокогама.

The most widely accepted Japanese to Russian transliteration system calls for using ё to denote the respective Japanese sound.

However, the spelling of the words already rooted in Russian is grandfathered.

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