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Is there a dictionary that lists the case that precedes, succeeds verbs? For example идти (accusative) - Я хочу идти в Россию; быть (past, instrumental) - Я был собакой.

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Russian dictionaries use question words such as кого-чего, кем-чем to indicate the grammatical case:

ГОРДИТЬСЯ кем-чем / (разг.) за кого.

http://gramota.ru/slovari/dic/?word=гордиться&all=x

The dictionary «Управление в русском языке» specifically addresses verb government.

The Russian Wiktionary lists cases for some verbs:

Участники ситуации, описываемой с помощью мешать:

  1. субъект (им. п.),
  2. объект (вин. п.),
  3. инструмент (твор. п.).

https://ru.wiktionary.org/wiki/мешать

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  • This. There's also "Толково-комбинаторный словарь" but it might be... taxing for non-native speakers.
    – Viridianus
    Jun 14 at 2:54
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Rather than approaching it comprehensively, I wonder if you might just get familiar with the exceptions to the verb → accusative direct object correspondence, as a majority of verbs you encounter in the wild conform to this pattern.

This post is one such attempt to catalogue these exceptions.

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