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I see words ending in -но with the stem coming from adjectives and verb. Example are; можно нужно понятно

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    You can find some information here, but the question is too broad.russian.stackexchange.com/questions/13291/…
    – V.V.
    Aug 27, 2021 at 6:59
  • 1
    Or search for predicatives .
    – V.V.
    Aug 27, 2021 at 7:03
  • I’m voting to close this question because it’s like asking at English SE what words usually end by “-ly”. It’s too broad and hardly helps anyone learning Russian.
    – shabunc
    Aug 28, 2021 at 14:27

2 Answers 2

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In сommon they are adverbs.

  • Можно мне съесть это яблоко ?

  • Можно. Можно тебе съесть это яблоко.

  • Но нужно ли тебе есть его ?

  • Да нужно, нужно, я вас уверяю.

  • Понятно ли тебе это ?

  • Да, мне всё понятно.

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If you are looking for English equivalent, Russian "-но" words may be compared to English words with "-able" ("-ible") and "-ful" suffixes.

For example:

  • permit permissible можно
  • understand understandable понятно (понятный)
  • need needful нужно (нужный)

This is not a rule, because many words in this matrix do not exist in both languages - but this would hopefully help you to understand.

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