The English Future-in-the-Past tenses are rendered as the Russian Future tenses.
The English tenses have absolute meaning:
• the Past tenses tell about the past,
• Future-in-the-Past tenses tell about what would be after an event in the past,
• the Future tenses tell about what will be after now.
As you can see, there are two main points on the timeline, past and now, and there are two sets of tenses for what is after each of those main points.
Russian tenses work differently. The Russian tenses have relative meaning. “Relative” means ‘connected to or depending on something else’. This something else is usually the moment of speech, but in the discourse this focus can be shifted to a moment in the past or in the future:
• The Russian Past tense tells about what was before the focus point,
• The Russian Present tense tells about what was at the same time as the focus point,
• The Russian Future tenses tell about what will/would be after the focus point.
The focus point is defined from the context of each speech act, from the situation and from what is relevant in the situation given. In a complex sentence, the predicate of the main clause defines the focus point:
He said he would read that book. — Он сказал, что почитает эту книгу.
In English, ‘said’ is past, ‘would read’ is what follows that past. In Russian, ‘сказал’ is past, too, and it is the focus point, ‘почитает’ is future, what follows the focus point.
As for your example with the boat, let me propose a situation in which that could be used. It can well be written on a photo of friends standing in the port next to a sailboat. For a speaker of Russian, it is important what the focus point is. In that situation, the focus point is the moment shown in the photo, when the friends are in the port. They arrived before that, and they will sail after that, so Russian uses the Past tense for the former and the future tense for the latter:
Мы прибыли в порт. Следующие две недели мы будем плавать на лодке.
In most cases the focus point is just now, so the Russian past tense is about the past and the Future tense is about future. But when the focus point is shifted from now, so the meaning of the tenses is shifted. Anyhow, all the Future-in-the-Past tenses are rendered as the Russian Future tenses.
It would be much easier to answer your question if you were more sure if that sample English sentence is exactly what you mean or if you provided at least some context, described the situation.