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Does there exist in Russian a pair of sentences which are the formal negation of each other, but have the same meaning?

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1. Он ответил на половину вопросов.
   Он не ответил на половину вопросов.

2. Нам нужно будет провести повторный эксперимент с вероятностью ровно 50%.
   Нам не нужно будет проводить повторный эксперимент с вероятностью ровно 50%.

3. Половина опрошенных поддержала президента, а половина не поддержала.
   Половина опрошенных не поддержала президента, а половина поддержала.
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  • The first is excellent, the second is the same, the third really is only exchange of places. But correct and different from others answers here. +1. – Gangnus Mar 25 '14 at 20:27
  • All three are very similar. It's up to you to decide which one (if any) you like the most :) – Yury Mar 26 '14 at 3:13
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My answer would be:

Хотите ли откушать рыбки?

Не хотите ли откушать рыбки?

The latter question however cannot be answered with simple Да or Нет answer.

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  • I meant "Чайник долго остывает" and "Чайник долго не остывает" – Gangnus Feb 27 '14 at 11:42
  • Really, your example is not what I wanted - it is the question and has no affirmative meaning. But it does fit to the question as I set it. – Gangnus Feb 27 '14 at 11:44
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"Чайник долго остывает" and "чайник долго не остывает" are an example.

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  • It is the answer I waited for. But it is already written here, in comments. – Gangnus Jun 2 '16 at 13:13
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One more here

  • Да, я не люблю медведей.
  • Нет, я не люблю медведей.

And this

  • Он не понял ничего.
  • Он всё не понял.

(However, the second one sounds awkward).

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  • I can't take it as a negation of the whole sentence, sorry. The sense of the sentence is answering. And the first one says "yes" and the second - "no". But not bad, +1. – Gangnus Mar 25 '14 at 20:31
  • Added another one. – Barafu Albino Mar 26 '14 at 8:04
  • Sorry, for that second example, I think, any formally opposite sentence will be grammatically incorrect. The variant "Он всё не..." has rather meaning "He still doesn't..." – Gangnus Mar 26 '14 at 8:51
  • -1 I think that the second sentence of the second example is not correct Russian. I liked the first example, though. – Olga Mar 26 '14 at 8:53
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— Ты не будешь больше пить чай?
Да.

— Ты не будешь больше пить чай?
Нет.

Both answers mean that the person wouldn't drink tea anymore. Both answers are correct, however the first one sounds more natural when question has emphasis on чай (i.e. person decided not to drink tea at all), and the second one does when emphasis is on не будешь (i.e. person doesn't want tea right now).

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  • No. Both answers are undefined. – Gangnus Mar 26 '14 at 15:26
  • Actually, neither answer contains negation. – Olga Mar 27 '14 at 8:09
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There is a number of so called biaspectual verbs in Russian, those whose perfective and imperfective aspects are homonyms.

Though technically those are different verbs, using them may lead to something you are probably looking for:

  • Когда-нибудь я крещусь. Я никогда не крещусь. // Some day I'll get baptized. I'm never crossing myself.

  • Я бегу марафоны. Я не бегу марафонов. // I'm running marathons. I'm not avoiding marathons.

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Do you mean that you are looking for two sentences that have opposite meaning, and both contain grammatical negation?

If yes, my answer is "indirect negation". Compare the following two sentences:

Я не думаю, что Алекс выиграет
Я думаю, что Алекс не выиграет

The verb "думать" here means "to believe", and both sentences state the same: the absence of your belief in Alex's victory.

It is not a specifically Russian thing, you can construct the same two sentences in English:

I don't believe that Alex will win
I believe that Alex will not win.

You can make similar trick with other verbs of statement, such as "считать", "полагать", "верить", etc.

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  • No. I mean sentences as: I do like it. I do not like it. – Gangnus Feb 26 '14 at 14:30
  • Ah, I see. OK, I'd change the title of the question then, because there is no such thing as two sentences that are grammatical negation of each other. – Olga Feb 26 '14 at 15:05
  • But I know an answer. And there can me more than one, of course. Any correct one will be accepted. :-) – Gangnus Feb 26 '14 at 15:07
  • Oh, cool, then you can post the answer, too =) – Olga Feb 26 '14 at 15:08

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