Are there homographs in Russian that sound different besides the stress?
E.g. like "read" in English:
I will read (ee) that book
I have just read (e) that book
P.S. I hope the answer to this question won't be just "NO" :-)
Russian Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Russian language. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
One example that I know is "считать". When it means "count" or "consider", it's pronounced with single "щ" in the beginning; but when it is perfective aspect of the verb "считывать" (to read off?), it's pronounced with separate sounds "s" and "ʧ".
Конечно is normally pronounced with [ш] for ч to mean 'of course' and with [ч] to mean 'finite': множество конечно, 'the set is finite'.
First of all, you will hardly find homographs that differ only by stress. Stress position may affect pronunciation of all vowels in a word. So I will answer a question whether there are homographs with the stress on the same syllable.
There are a lot of loaned words where letter е stands for non-iotated sound /ɛ/ and this case isn’t reflected in spelling in any way. And I can recall at least one word which can be misunderstood by this reason. Те́ста may be read /'tɛstə/ (gen. of тест — test) or /'tʲestə/ (gen. of тесто — dough, pastry). The same applies to instr. те́стом, dat. те́сту and prep. / loc. в те́сте.
Some words can become omographs if we omit dots above ё letter. This happens oftenly in modern internet communications.
Examples: мёл / мел; сёл / сел; осёл / осел; берёт / берет; etc.
Other than that I don't know any omographs besides the stress.
Another example I can come with is the word бог "god". In the sense of Christian God it can be pronounced with either plosive or fricative g, but in the sense of a polytheistic religion, like Ancient Greek one, it is always pronounced with plosive g.
If you accept proper nouns, then there is того (genitive of тот, with г pronounced [v]) and Того (Togo, the country).