# Are there non-stress-related homographs in Russian?

Are there homographs in Russian that sound different besides the stress?

I will read (ee) that book


VS

I have just read (e) that book


P.S. I hope the answer to this question won't be just "NO" :-)

• Seems to be duplicate of russian.stackexchange.com/questions/13767/… – Lara Aug 13 '17 at 11:50
• But that question was closed for unclear reason. In the comments there was one more couple of words, besides of already mentioned here: пОлого (genitive of полый (hollow)) - полОго (adverb meaning "not steeply"). – Lara Aug 13 '17 at 11:59

One example that I know is "считать". When it means "count" or "consider", it's pronounced with single "щ" in the beginning; but when it is perfective aspect of the verb "считывать" (to read off?), it's pronounced with separate sounds "s" and "ʧ".

• I pronounce the second one with double "щ", yet still you've got the point! +1 – Geo Mar 12 '14 at 21:15
• Yet some people may pronounce the separate sounds in the first meaning too, for example an aunt of my mother always pronounced ч as ч and I think it is a variant of norm. – Anixx Mar 17 '14 at 0:47

Конечно is normally pronounced with [ш] for ч to mean 'of course' and with [ч] to mean 'finite': множество конечно, 'the set is finite'.

First of all, you will hardly find homographs that differ only by stress. Stress position may affect pronunciation of all vowels in a word. So I will answer a question whether there are homographs with the stress on the same syllable.

There are a lot of loaned words where letter е stands for non-iotated sound /ɛ/ and this case isn’t reflected in spelling in any way. And I can recall at least one word which can be misunderstood by this reason. Те́ста may be read /'tɛstə/ (gen. of тест — test) or /'tʲestə/ (gen. of тесто — dough, pastry). The same applies to instr. те́стом, dat. те́сту and prep. / loc. в те́сте.

• Yet one can pronousce the word for test with soft t so the words become indistinguishable. – Anixx Mar 17 '14 at 0:39
• "you will hardly find homographs that differ only by stress" - there's hundreds if not thousands of them: зАмок/замОк, пОлосы/полосЫ, вЫносим/вынОсим/выносИм. – Sergey Slepov Aug 8 '17 at 9:44
• @SergeySlepov, is’s strange to hear this from a native Russian speaker. За́мок in (Moscow) Russian is /'zamək/, while замо́к is /zɐ'mok/, по́лосы is /'poləsɨ/, полосы́ — /pəlɐ'sɨ/. – Dmitry Alexandrov Aug 8 '17 at 10:19

Some words can become omographs if we omit dots above ё letter. This happens oftenly in modern internet communications.

Examples: мёл / мел; сёл / сел; осёл / осел; берёт / берет; etc.

Other than that I don't know any omographs besides the stress.

• Non only in modern communications - letter ё is used mostly in educational literature, dictionaries etc. – Artemix Mar 12 '14 at 5:41

Another example I can come with is the word бог "god". In the sense of Christian God it can be pronounced with either plosive or fricative g, but in the sense of a polytheistic religion, like Ancient Greek one, it is always pronounced with plosive g.

If you accept proper nouns, then there is того (genitive of тот, with г pronounced [v]) and Того (Togo, the country).