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Russian has diminutive form (уменьшительно-ласкательная форма) and augmentative form (увеличительно-усиливающая форма). For example: человечек and человечище. But how the middle, normal form is called (человек)?

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  • I am not aware of any special term. I'd go for "neutral form" if I needed to refer to it.
    – Olga
    Commented Mar 26, 2014 at 16:25
  • 2
    And how is it called in English?
    – cha
    Commented Mar 26, 2014 at 23:28

4 Answers 4

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"Middle, normal form" is called "начальная форма".

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  • 1
    Человека (oblique case) is not diminutive or augmentative yet it is also not начальная форма.
    – jwalker
    Commented May 16, 2014 at 21:54
  • @jwalker No, it is. "начальная форма" doesn't mean that it is nominative.
    – nicael
    Commented May 17, 2014 at 4:47
  • What does it mean then?
    – jwalker
    Commented May 17, 2014 at 10:06
  • @jwalker Oh... Человека is genitive of Человек. Человек, Человека, Человеку, Человеком are all in "начальная форма". Человечек, Человечка, Человечку, Человечком - "уменьшительно-ласкательная форма". Человечище, Человечища, Человечищу, Человечищем - "увеличительно-усиливающая форма"
    – nicael
    Commented May 17, 2014 at 12:36
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    Well, I hoped for a definition. Here it is.
    – jwalker
    Commented May 17, 2014 at 15:29
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+100

As far as I know, it's "начальная форма". And in my understanding of how form names are formed, if there was some suffix (affix, postfix, or whatever) to make this neutral form, we would have some special word for it, but there is none. It's just the form from which you start and make any other form.

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No special term is used. It's just normal form (нормальная форма), or initial form, base form of word.

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  • No. Used. As you see.
    – nicael
    Commented Apr 25, 2014 at 14:40
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I would call it "Стандартная форма."

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