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Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?

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    See wiktionary. In English see here. – Artemix Apr 13 '15 at 16:31
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    I pronounce Бог. But you can pronounce Бох if x is said shortly – Oleg Apr 14 '15 at 21:38
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    U can talk as u want really: Бог or Бох, we talk both variants... It depends from personal pronounce more. – Шах Jul 9 '17 at 20:47
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    See answers to the recent question russian.stackexchange.com/questions/14448/… – Arioch Jul 17 '17 at 13:35
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It depends. In the nominative case it's definitely бох. The consonant -г- is pronounced close to Ukrainian -хг- in set expressions like "Слава богу!" (Dative) or "Ступай с богом!" (Instrumental), "Проси у бога милости" (Genitive), where бог is in Christian sense; however it is often reduced to the simple -г-. It's usually typical -г- in plural (боги, богами, богам, богов...) or if it's about a pagan god (бога, богу, богом, о боге - except the Nominative case - still бох).

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The spelling "г" is due to old pronunciation. But in modern Russian, we usually say "Бох" due to Church Slavonic (although in Church Slavonic spelling the word still ends in "гъ"). Also sometimes people say "Бок", but this is thought to be an error.

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  • So in a Church service they say "Бог" - 1. With they, do you mean the "priest", the "clergy" or everyone participating? 2. With in a Church service, do you mean during the event when people gather in the so called church building, they (see 1.) switch generally to [бог] or only when reading texts or only when reading from the scriptures itself? – user343221 Apr 13 '15 at 16:45
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    Actually, Russian recension of Church Slavonic requires pronouncing г as a fricative, so бог is (or at least should be) rendered [box] in the church service. This has influenced fricative г in this only word in Moscow dialect of Russian, which renders г as a stop ([g] or [k]) elsewhere, except for adjectives in m. sg. gen. – Quassnoi Apr 13 '15 at 16:56
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    Sorry, I'm not really a christian so I made a foolish mistake. It's just other way round. The spelling is due to Old Russian pronounce "г". But in modern Russian the Church Slavonian variant "х" has prevailed. I rewrite the answer. – Matt Apr 13 '15 at 17:02
  • If someone is referring to non-Christian deity or Christian one outside of idioms, then u cannot pronounce it with a fricative. – Anixx Apr 18 '15 at 8:47
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    @Anixx Why not? Such a habit. – Matt Apr 18 '15 at 11:47
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It is neither г nor x. It is something between г and x, like г in Belarusian or in Ukrainian. Yes, this sound doesn't exist in Russian as a single letter, but it may appear in some words.

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  • Does such a sound appear in any other words beside Бог? – OmarL Oct 25 '20 at 21:16
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The pronunciation is [бог] in standard Russian, in general context (outside of idioms). This follows the general Russian rules of devoicing at the end in certain circumstances so it can become [бок] before voiceless consonants.

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