3

I have learned that verbs говорить, читать and писать are used with an adverbial form of the language (e.g., “я говорю по-японски”). On the other hand, it seems to me that the verb слушать is rarely used with the adverbial one. But I wonder whether слушать may be used with the adverbial one in a few situations.

For example, in a situation where I am listening to the radio news by selecting the Japanese language in sound multiplex broadcasting, is it possible to say “я слушаю новости радио по-японски”?

1

You can say

Я слушаю по радио новости по-японски.

Я слушаю радионовости по-японски.

In these sentences по-японски refers to новости.

Your phrase

Я слушаю новости радио по-японски.

means actually "I am listening the news about radio in Japanese", possibly not something you wanted to say.

1

I think the adverbial form implies some kind of ability. It makes little sense to be used with слушать

1

Если нужно сказать "новости на японском языке, я их слушаю и понимаю", то это будет примерно так: "я слушаю новости на японском".

1

To me it seems that the adverbial form a language attaches itself to a verb that represents active use of a language: говорить / читать / писать is equivalent to [I can] speak / read / write по-японски. Слушать (to listen) has a passive connotation: you wouldn't say "I can listen Japanese", but you could say "I can listen someone speak Japanese" (Я слушаю, как некто говорит по-японски).

You could look at it this way: "по-японски" means "in a Japanese manner", so you could speak or write "in a Japanese manner", but you would not listen "in a Japanese manner".

1

Я говорю/пишу по-японски is literally translated as "I speak/write in Japanese manner". This is historical phrase building.

You wouldn't say "I listen/read in Japanese manner", and likewise you wouldn't say "Я слушаю/читаю по-японски". Although this isn't a rude mistake. Most people wouldn't even notice if you said that in everyday life or interview. This is only important for books, publications etc.

The perfectly correct way is: Я слушаю/читаю (what?) новости/журналы/передачи на японском языке.

This is also correct: Я читаю сидя/лежа. Я слушаю [музыку/плеер/радио] находу. Why - because again, this describes in which manner you are doing things. You read (in which manner?) while you are running.

0

Although the spelling suggests that "по-русски" is a whole word yet it still sounds for us like two words that is "like Russian", "Russian way" etc.

So when I say "Я говорю по-русски" deeply in my mind I think both "I do speak Russian" and "I can speak like Russians".

Thus saying "Я слушаю по-русски" seems to be a nonsense as there's no way to listen "like Russians do".

0

Нельзя сказать "я слушаю новости радио по-японски". Это неправильно. Нужно сказать "я слушаю по радио новости на японском языке". You cannot say "я слушаю новости радио по-японски". This is wrong. You can say "я слушаю по радио новости на японском языке".

3
  • Языке is unnecessary. A real person would most likely just say на японском. Jul 11 '15 at 13:09
  • 1
    Да, конечно. Я дал правильный литературный вариант. "Слушаю новости на японском" это уже разговорный вариант, поскольку слово "языке" выброшено. Jul 11 '15 at 13:18
  • Да, конечно. Я дал правильный литературный вариант. "Слушаю по радио новости на японском" это разговорный вариант, так как слово "язык" выбрасывается. Jul 11 '15 at 13:23
0

Everything below is on a very weak, nuanced level. Don't treat that as a strong rule.

"по-X" often means "X-like" or "like-X do".

"читаю по-японски", "понимаю по-японски" imply some action on your part to perform. You're doing something that Japanese do. You're acting like Japanese do.

"Я слушаю по-японски" in its simplest meaning is more passive. "Слушаю" does not 100% imply "понимаю". It's perfectly fine to say "Слушаю, но ничего не понимаю.". So, you're not doing anything specifically Japanese. Anyone can listen to Japanese [language|music].

Now, if there was some particular way, the Japanese are perceived to do the listening, you could use "слушаю по-японски". That would relate your action to the Japanese culture, but not to the Japanese language per se.

Example: "Я слушаю по-японски - внимательно и не перебивая."

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.