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Basic English and its kin are artificial dialects which represent, among other features, a carefully-pared-down vocabulary intended to be fairly comprehensive and expressive for its thrift. The vocabulary holds somewhere around 1000 words, give or take.

To my knowledge Russian Accelerator claims a 750 word Russian vocabulary that's meant to go pretty far.

Are there any freely available lists of a comparable length Russian vocabulary intended to give similar expressive power for its parsimony?

7

If the "Basic Russian" hasn't been generated yet then only reason is it's unpractical and likely to yield little.

Vocabulary for English is essential, in comparison with Russian. In Russian, the words, that very closely by intuitive comprehending, forms a bush (cluster), derived from one simple word, or, more accurately, from stem or root. In English things seemed more simpler, because a word, as teachers are saying to us, has no inflection, no agreement in morphology, and far from the amounts of words derived by prefixing, affixing, suffixing than in Russian.

But what they say did not take into account the simple fact, that explains the lack of "Basic Russian". Every Russian (Turkish, Polish, ...) words has the princip|le of the color-coded component used in electronic industry. Every colored strip marks given word, that it is listed as the member of a class.

For a rapid introduction to this topic: suffixing-meaning

Explanation by Quick Example:

           prefixes-root-affixing+suffixing+flexia
                      |
                    -да-
                      |
                     да-р           gift, present
                     да-р-ован-ие   gift, talent, endowment
                     да-р-ом        nothing, gratis
                     да-нь          tribute, contribution
                     да-тель-н-ый   dative
                     да-нн-ые       datum, data
                  по-да-р-ок        present
                  по-да-р-ить       make a present
                 про-да-ть          to sell
             рас-про-да-жа          sale
              пре-по-да-вать        to teach
                  по-да-вать        to present, serve
                  по-да-тель        bearer
                  по-да-яние        charity, alms
                 под-да-нный        subject, citizen
  да-ть           за-да-ча          problemm, question
 to give           с-да-ча          change
                   у-да-ча          success
                   у-да-л-ось       had done
                   у-да-ст-ся       (s/he) might be able to
                  от-да-лить        push away, zoom out
                  от-да-ли-сь       echoed                  
                 раз-да-вать        to distribute, pass out
                 раз-да-ча          handing out
                 воз-да-вать        to reward, render, return 
                  вы-да-ча          distribution, giving out
                  из-да-вать        to publish,  to emit smth (began to hum)
                 пре-да-нность      loyalty, devotion
                 при-да-ное         dowry
                  от-да-вать        give away
                 пре-да-ть (чему-то) ...
                 пре-да-ть (кого-то) ...
                     ...

"Дать задачу отдать сдачу."
            
Class про- collected the members that have common characteristics:
  |
  |   get past smth; bypass smth; to go in; to go through;
  |   to pass inside;  to move along smth; 
  |         
  |         
  |          про-делать
  |          про-ходить
  |          про-писать 
  |          про-дать
  |          про-плыть
 про-        про-говорить     
             про-греть
             про-плавить
             про-...    

Once students achieve an understanding and mastery of the basic Russian suffixes and prefixes, they will be able to recognize, identify, and decipher words into their component parts. With this skill established, they should also develop an ability to construct many words and terms from a given Russian root, facilitating both the translation of Russian literature and student conversation and composition.

Roots of the Russian Language by G. Patrick

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1

There are a variety of lists around which are comparable. You can google "most common russian words" or something similar. It is harder to shrink Russian down to basic words. Given the nature of the Russian language means the most simple words are complicated by conjugations, declensions and other grammatical changes.

I found a series called Book2 which are books for language vocabulary. There is one for Russian. The book covers words for the most common situations. As you learn more common words it is easier to then master all the grammatical issues and the wide array of prefixes and suffixes.

0

You can find something like this

http://masterrussian.com/vocabulary/most_common_words.htm http://www.learnrussianfree.com/vocabulary/word http://www.101languages.net/russian/most-common-russian-words/

But it's much more useful to get a good modern textbook of Russian. Then the vocabulary in this textbook will represent such a list automatically. Especially if it's for beginners.

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