Questions tagged [выбор-слова]

Questions about the difference in meaning or usage between two or more words.

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1
vote
2answers
130 views

When would I choose следующий over ближайший?

I'm a little confused about the difference in usage between the two. Which is more common? When would I choose the other (less-common) one to describe a 'next' something? The dictionary definitions ...
4
votes
3answers
190 views

Is there a difference between "Он не был там." and "Его там не было."?

Is there a difference between "Он не был там." and "Его там не было."? Are both phrases correct?
3
votes
3answers
102 views

Is there a difference between "у меня болит голова" and "у меня головная боль"?

I've been trying to prevent my Russian from rusting by going through Duolingo in both directions (Russian for English speakers and English for Russian speakers). I found "I have a headache" ...
2
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3answers
140 views

What are the different usages for these translations of "to type" (as in on a computer keyboard)?

My dictionary's translations of "to type" are, unfortunately, quite verbose: 2 (write with typewriter) печа́тать (impf) (на маши́нке) / напеча́тать (pf) (на маши́нке); (write with computer ...
-1
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2answers
74 views

Разница между поступать и подавать?

Пытаюсь досконально разобрать разницу между поступать и подавать. Так, чтобы понял иностранец. Предполагаю, что поступать описывает весь процесс подачи документов и зачисления. (Иначе как может ...
1
vote
3answers
164 views

What is the difference between раздаться and донестись?

In my dictionary, both доноситься/донестись and раздаваться/раздаться show the meaning as "sound to be conveyed". But I'm not sure when to use one over the other, if there is any difference ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Употребление предлогов на, за и через - временные контрукции

Объясните пожалуйста как правильно употреблять предлоги за,на,через(или без предлогов) когда речь идёт о времени. насколько я понимаю, предлог НА отвечает на вопрос "как долго?", а предлог ...
6
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2answers
294 views

Is день used with на or в?

I have seen that день is used with both prepositions (на and в), but I'm not sure which one to use. For example, на следующий день на день рождения в этот день At least I feel that it is always used ...
1
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3answers
144 views

What is the difference between в прошлом and раньше?

I'm not sure what is the difference, if any, between the word в прошлом and раньше. Both seem to mean 'in the past' or 'before'. For example: Главный переводчик много работал журналистом в прошлом. ...
1
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2answers
118 views

Should the word вещь be genitive singular or plural after мало?

In the following sentence: В детской мало (вещь). I'm not sure if I should use genitive singular (вещи) or genitive plural (вещей). If I understand it correctly, nouns after много/мало/несколько/...
5
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3answers
1k views

"Индустрия выдержала удар пандемией" - why instrumental here?

In this sentence: Книжная индустрия выдержала удар пандемией (source) why is пандемия in the instrumental? I understand that the sentence means "The book industry endured (survived) the hit of ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

звонить в школу vs звонить школе?

I found the following sentence: Моя мама позвонила в школу. According to my dictionary, звонить/позвонить takes either dative, or в + accusative. However, I'm not sure when to use it over the other. ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Why is стоялО used for две кровати?

I found this sentence somewhere. В комнате стояло две кровати. But I don’t understand why this sentence uses стояло (neutral form), not стояли (plural because of две) or стояла (female because of ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Why does she say "Я понимаешь" and not "Я понимаю"?

I've heard people say "понимаешь" when they clearly intend to mean "I understand", such as in this line from the Serebro song Не Время: Я понимаешь, я это чувствую потом мы всё ...
2
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3answers
156 views

What is the difference between дать and подать?

I'm not sure that подать connotes anything different, except that it means to pass something to someone, much like дать. Apparently, "passing something" always implies handing someone ...
10
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between "рядом", "около" and "возле"?

These three words mean 'near'. It seems около & возле are synonyms. Can the same be said for рядом?
4
votes
5answers
440 views

What's the difference between "потерпеть" and "вытерпеть"?

Why this sentence says: Я не могу больше вытерпеть. and didn't say : Я не могу больше потерпеть. What's the difference between "потерпеть" and "вытерпеть"?
6
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3answers
990 views

Is there any difference between "окно" and "окошко"?

I had learned in a lesson that the word for Window in Russian was Окно. But later I noticed in the lyrics from Молчат дома - судно, that on the verse Окошко, Тумбочка, Кровать, Окошко stands for ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

"How is that like for you?" in Russian

So the kind of situations I am thinking is in these kinds of contexts: "How was that like for you to give a presentation in front of your class?" "How is that like for you to be a ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Word “panhandle” translation to Russian

Panhandle is a narrow strip of territory projecting from the main territory of one state into another state. Google translates panhandle as попрошайка, попрошайничать (beggar, beg). Is there a one ...
1
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1answer
174 views

What is the difference between лодыжка and щиколотка as a translation of "ankle"?

TL/DR: What is the difference between щиколотка and лодыжка, and which one is a better suited translation for "Ankle zips with reflective detailing"? Background As a personal vocabulary ...
1
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1answer
311 views

Is "полячка" the correct Russian word for a woman from Poland?

The sources are very controversial. Is there any agreement if I can use полячка, or is it полька?
9
votes
10answers
2k views

Are there Russian words for "close-minded" and "open-minded"?

I'm translating an English text into Russian and got stuck trying to find a Russian word for "close-minded." None came to my mind, so I looked in Reverso and I saw the following translation ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

Do you know something - Вы знаете or Вы знаете ли or Вы не знаете?

I am unsure about these three ways of asking if someone knows something. I was told that in certain contexts, such as when asking for the time, Вы не знаете was the norm. On the other hand, I was told ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

How to say the difference between two things

How would one say "The difference between [object A] and [object B] is..." in Russian? For instance, I might want to ask "Do you know the difference between chinos and jeans?" A ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Short- or long-form adjective?

At first I thought short-form adjectives were quite easy after seeing how they are formed. But when to use them turned out to be more complex. Here I have 5 sentences that made me confuse since they ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

How to convey the emotion "I am happy"

There are certain words and phrases that mean satisfied, happy, or otherwise contented я рад я доволен я удовлетворен In english, "I am happy", that is "being happy" is a state of mind ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

Using выходить instead of входить

I know the title might sound strange since these words convey exactly opposite meaning, but I came across the following text: Крестьянин спросил моряка, который собирался плыть в Индию: Где ...
0
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2answers
173 views

Значение слова "порядка" в определённом контексте

В одном тексте есть следующая фраза: Порядка 10% (россиян) проходили обучающие онлайн-курсы Каково значение слова порядка в этом контексте? Я бы догадался, что оно такое же как "около". Но порядок ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Usage of выходить and выйти в будущем времени [duplicate]

I know both words have a meaning of "leaving". But according to this выйти is supposed to be used in the case of predictable result, like: Через 5 минут он выйдет из класса. While выходить is ...
2
votes
3answers
353 views

Как называется выпуклый (рельефный) рисунок/урашение на предмете?

Барельеф, мне кажется, это больше из архитетуры, про стакан так не скажешь. А есть ли слово, которое описывает подобные украшения на предметах?
6
votes
5answers
243 views

Difference between "объединяйтесь" and "соединяйтесь"?

Background I recently saw a translation of the well-known motto "Workers of the world, unite!", but when I looked into it, I found out that there are at least two possible translations: Пролетарии ...
12
votes
7answers
1k views

How should I translate "the fighting boar" in Grenfell's poem into Russian?

My Russian teacher, whom you know by his tough approach to teaching the language, strongly pushed me to try to translate English poems into Russian, and we agreed I'd have a look at Hymn to the Wild ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

Differences between выслать and отправить

Im wondering the correct usage of отправить and выслать (to send/dispatch). I've seen the former in the context: Отправить сообщение в сети (to send an online message) and the latter: Выслать ...
12
votes
10answers
4k views

What's the difference between "люблю" and "обожаю"?

I was doing a Clozemaster exercise and it asked to translate "I love reading" to Russian. I thought of putting Люблю читать but the correct answer that the exercise wanted was Обожаю читать. What's ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

The usage of "по" in distributive expression

In a text, used for educational purposes, were the following sentence: Каждый ученик получил по красному карандашу. Based on the context, I could translate this into "Each student received a red ...
1
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2answers
207 views

Difference between получится and удаётся

My question is about two ways of saying "manage to do": у меня получится and мне удаётся Can anyone clarify what's the difference between these two? Thank you!
5
votes
6answers
642 views

Is there a positive Russian word for a whistleblower?

Let's suppose some students gather every evening in a student dormitory and make loud noise till late night by playing guitar, talking, singing, laughing, etc., and a female student from the same ...
3
votes
3answers
148 views

'ознакомля́йтесь' or 'ознака́мливайтесь'?

Is 'ознака́мливайтесь' correct? I can't find this word in Zaliznyak's dictionary or in Russian Wiktionary. Instead, I see only 'ознакомля́йтесь'. However, I keep hearing it all the time:
3
votes
2answers
1k views

an adjective for a person who is so lazy that he is willing to lie

What adjective in Russian would best describe a policeman who is deliberately twisting some facts in the protocol in order to close the case as soon as possible because he is too lazy to deal with it ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between "ещё" and "больше"?

I know they both mean 'more' ? But there useage seems to differ, is there a rule of thumb?
3
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1answer
223 views

Difference between "супермаркет" and "гипермаркет"

I've seen both "супермаркет" and "гипермаркет" being used to describe what I would call a "supermarket", but what is the difference between them?
2
votes
0answers
150 views

What does "сушить сухари" mean? [closed]

I tried to google it, but all I got is culinary recipes. What does "сушить сухари" mean? If a russian person says something like I should "сушить сухари" and it's clearly not about food, what could ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

"Много рыбы плавает" - why not "плавают"? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence В этой реке много рыбы плавает I understand that after много you need the genitive plural of a noun, and рыбы is the genitive plural of рыба so why isn't it "...рыбы ...
3
votes
3answers
150 views

"Чтобы не пропустить новые видео" or "новых видео"?

Is it grammatically correct to say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новых видео" or should I say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новыe видео"? Please, instead of just saying which option is right,...
6
votes
4answers
455 views

Омыть или вымыть?

Есть глагол несовершенного вида "мыть", а в совершенном виде бывают и "омыть", и "вымыть". Насколько я понимаю, глагол "вымыть" гораздо популярнее, хотя приставка "вы-" обычно обозначает движение из ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Как правильно использовать "внесите пароль" или "введите пароль"?

Какой вариант больше подходит для использования на страницах сайта?
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Speed and Velocity in Russian

In physics we would in English use the terms speed and velocity differently: Speed is a number (magnitude). Velocity is a vector (magnitude and direction). In English this is traditional from more ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Поставить vs класть

В чем разница между словами класть и поставить?
-1
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1answer
144 views

Different Words in Russian, Same Meaning in English! [closed]

I practice Russian in Duolingo app and there are a lot of words that have same meaning in English. For example: мои - мой - моя - мое это - этот - эта как - что

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