Questions tagged [выбор-слова]

Questions about the difference in meaning or usage between two or more words.

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1
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1answer
52 views

Употребление предлогов на, за и через - временные контрукции

Объясните пожалуйста как правильно употреблять предлоги за,на,через(или без предлогов) когда речь идёт о времени. насколько я понимаю, предлог НА отвечает на вопрос "как долго?", а предлог ...
6
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1answer
218 views

Is день used with на or в?

I have seen that день is used with both prepositions (на and в) but I'm not sure which one to use. For example, на следующий день на день рождения в этот день At least I feel like that it is always ...
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3answers
132 views

What is the difference between в прошлом and раньше?

I'm not sure what is the difference, if any, between the word в прошлом and раньше. Both seem to mean 'in the past' or 'before'. For example: Главный переводчик много работал журналистом в прошлом. ...
1
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2answers
112 views

Should the word вещь be genitive singular or plural after мало?

In the following sentence: В детской мало (вещь). I'm not sure if I should use genitive singular (вещи) or genitive plural (вещей). If I understand it correctly, nouns after много/мало/несколько/...
5
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3answers
1k views

"Индустрия выдержала удар пандемией" - why instrumental here?

In this sentence: Книжная индустрия выдержала удар пандемией (source) why is пандемия in the instrumental? I understand that the sentence means "The book industry endured (survived) the hit of ...
2
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1answer
176 views

звонить в школу vs звонить школе?

I found the following sentence: Моя мама позвонила в школу. According to my dictionary, звонить/позвонить takes either dative, or в + accusative. However, I'm not sure when to use it over the other. ...
3
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1answer
266 views

Why is стоялО used for две кровати?

I found this sentence somewhere. В комнате стояло две кровати. But I don’t understand why this sentence uses стояло (neutral form), not стояли (plural because of две) or стояла (female because of ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Why does she say "Я понимаешь" and not "Я понимаю"?

I've heard people say "понимаешь" when they clearly intend to mean "I understand", such as in this line from the Serebro song Не Время: Я понимаешь, я это чувствую потом мы всё ...
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2answers
103 views

What is the difference between дать and подать?

I'm not sure what подать connotates anything more, except that it is 'to pass something to someone', much like дать. It seems that 'passing something' is always done by hands, but that is the same as ...
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between "рядом", "около" and "возле"?

These three words mean 'near'. It seems около & возле are synonyms. Can the same be said for рядом?
4
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5answers
439 views

What's the difference between "потерпеть" and "вытерпеть"?

Why this sentence says: Я не могу больше вытерпеть. and didn't say : Я не могу больше потерпеть. What's the difference between "потерпеть" and "вытерпеть"?
6
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3answers
980 views

Is there any difference between "окно" and "окошко"?

I had learned in a lesson that the word for Window in Russian was Окно. But later I noticed in the lyrics from Молчат дома - судно, that on the verse Окошко, Тумбочка, Кровать, Окошко stands for ...
4
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2answers
178 views

"How is that like for you?" in Russian

So the kind of situations I am thinking is in these kinds of contexts: "How was that like for you to give a presentation in front of your class?" "How is that like for you to be a ...
2
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2answers
142 views

Word “panhandle” translation to Russian

Panhandle is a narrow strip of territory projecting from the main territory of one state into another state. Google translates panhandle as попрошайка, попрошайничать (beggar, beg). Is there a one ...
1
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1answer
168 views

What is the difference between лодыжка and щиколотка as a translation of "ankle"?

TL/DR: What is the difference between щиколотка and лодыжка, and which one is a better suited translation for "Ankle zips with reflective detailing"? Background As a personal vocabulary ...
1
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1answer
307 views

Is "полячка" the correct Russian word for a woman from Poland?

The sources are very controversial. Is there any agreement if I can use полячка, or is it полька?
9
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10answers
2k views

Are there Russian words for "close-minded" and "open-minded"?

I'm translating an English text into Russian and got stuck trying to find a Russian word for "close-minded." None came to my mind, so I looked in Reverso and I saw the following translation ...
2
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3answers
222 views

Do you know something - Вы знаете or Вы знаете ли or Вы не знаете?

I am unsure about these three ways of asking if someone knows something. I was told that in certain contexts, such as when asking for the time, Вы не знаете was the norm. On the other hand, I was told ...
2
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1answer
175 views

How to say the difference between two things

How would one say "The difference between [object A] and [object B] is..." in Russian? For instance, I might want to ask "Do you know the difference between chinos and jeans?" A ...
2
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1answer
177 views

Short- or long-form adjective?

At first I thought short-form adjectives were quite easy after seeing how they are formed. But when to use them turned out to be more complex. Here I have 5 sentences that made me confuse since they ...
2
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2answers
262 views

How to convey the emotion "I am happy"

There are certain words and phrases that mean satisfied, happy, or otherwise contented я рад я доволен я удовлетворен In english, "I am happy", that is "being happy" is a state of mind ...
3
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3answers
288 views

Using выходить instead of входить

I know the title might sound strange since these words convey exactly opposite meaning, but I came across the following text: Крестьянин спросил моряка, который собирался плыть в Индию: Где ...
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2answers
173 views

Значение слова "порядка" в определённом контексте

В одном тексте есть следующая фраза: Порядка 10% (россиян) проходили обучающие онлайн-курсы Каково значение слова порядка в этом контексте? Я бы догадался, что оно такое же как "около". Но порядок ...
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0answers
37 views

Usage of выходить and выйти в будущем времени [duplicate]

I know both words have a meaning of "leaving". But according to this выйти is supposed to be used in the case of predictable result, like: Через 5 минут он выйдет из класса. While выходить is ...
2
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3answers
332 views

Как называется выпуклый (рельефный) рисунок/урашение на предмете?

Барельеф, мне кажется, это больше из архитетуры, про стакан так не скажешь. А есть ли слово, которое описывает подобные украшения на предметах?
6
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5answers
237 views

Difference between "объединяйтесь" and "соединяйтесь"?

Background I recently saw a translation of the well-known motto "Workers of the world, unite!", but when I looked into it, I found out that there are at least two possible translations: Пролетарии ...
12
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7answers
1k views

How should I translate "the fighting boar" in Grenfell's poem into Russian?

My Russian teacher, whom you know by his tough approach to teaching the language, strongly pushed me to try to translate English poems into Russian, and we agreed I'd have a look at Hymn to the Wild ...
4
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2answers
311 views

Differences between выслать and отправить

Im wondering the correct usage of отправить and выслать (to send/dispatch). I've seen the former in the context: Отправить сообщение в сети (to send an online message) and the latter: Выслать ...
12
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10answers
4k views

What's the difference between "люблю" and "обожаю"?

I was doing a Clozemaster exercise and it asked to translate "I love reading" to Russian. I thought of putting Люблю читать but the correct answer that the exercise wanted was Обожаю читать. What's ...
3
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2answers
221 views

The usage of "по" in distributive expression

In a text, used for educational purposes, were the following sentence: Каждый ученик получил по красному карандашу. Based on the context, I could translate this into "Each student received a red ...
1
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2answers
202 views

Difference between получится and удаётся

My question is about two ways of saying "manage to do": у меня получится and мне удаётся Can anyone clarify what's the difference between these two? Thank you!
5
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6answers
635 views

Is there a positive Russian word for a whistleblower?

Let's suppose some students gather every evening in a student dormitory and make loud noise till late night by playing guitar, talking, singing, laughing, etc., and a female student from the same ...
3
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3answers
148 views

'ознакомля́йтесь' or 'ознака́мливайтесь'?

Is 'ознака́мливайтесь' correct? I can't find this word in Zaliznyak's dictionary or in Russian Wiktionary. Instead, I see only 'ознакомля́йтесь'. However, I keep hearing it all the time:
3
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2answers
1k views

an adjective for a person who is so lazy that he is willing to lie

What adjective in Russian would best describe a policeman who is deliberately twisting some facts in the protocol in order to close the case as soon as possible because he is too lazy to deal with it ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between "ещё" and "больше"?

I know they both mean 'more' ? But there useage seems to differ, is there a rule of thumb?
3
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1answer
216 views

Difference between "супермаркет" and "гипермаркет"

I've seen both "супермаркет" and "гипермаркет" being used to describe what I would call a "supermarket", but what is the difference between them?
2
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0answers
146 views

What does "сушить сухари" mean? [closed]

I tried to google it, but all I got is culinary recipes. What does "сушить сухари" mean? If a russian person says something like I should "сушить сухари" and it's clearly not about food, what could ...
1
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0answers
64 views

"Много рыбы плавает" - why not "плавают"? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence В этой реке много рыбы плавает I understand that after много you need the genitive plural of a noun, and рыбы is the genitive plural of рыба so why isn't it "...рыбы ...
3
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3answers
149 views

"Чтобы не пропустить новые видео" or "новых видео"?

Is it grammatically correct to say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новых видео" or should I say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новыe видео"? Please, instead of just saying which option is right,...
6
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4answers
445 views

Омыть или вымыть?

Есть глагол несовершенного вида "мыть", а в совершенном виде бывают и "омыть", и "вымыть". Насколько я понимаю, глагол "вымыть" гораздо популярнее, хотя приставка "вы-" обычно обозначает движение из ...
6
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2answers
232 views

Как правильно использовать "внесите пароль" или "введите пароль"?

Какой вариант больше подходит для использования на страницах сайта?
11
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4answers
2k views

Speed and Velocity in Russian

In physics we would in English use the terms speed and velocity differently: Speed is a number (magnitude). Velocity is a vector (magnitude and direction). In English this is traditional from more ...
0
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1answer
148 views

Поставить vs класть

В чем разница между словами класть и поставить?
-1
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1answer
141 views

Different Words in Russian, Same Meaning in English! [closed]

I practice Russian in Duolingo app and there are a lot of words that have same meaning in English. For example: мои - мой - моя - мое это - этот - эта как - что
5
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4answers
1k views

How is являться different from есть and быть

Consider these sentences: это -- ошибка это является ошибкой From what I can tell, these sentences both mean "This is a mistake". Probably they can be paraphrased explicitly using есть and быть as ...
5
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13answers
3k views

How can I say in Russian "I am not afraid to write anything"?

The question is in the title of my post. Somehow this simple idea made me really confused as to how I can express it in Russian. My first attempt was: (1) Я не боюсь писать всё. But I guess ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Difference between "а потом уже" and "а потом"?

For context, the phrase I'm trying translating is: "Конечно, побежать и закрыть кран, а потом уже устранять последствия потопа" = "Of course, to run and close the tap, and then to eliminate the ...
3
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4answers
337 views

"Крутой" and "жёсткий" as personality traits: Meanings and difference

I often saw that the Russians use the adjective "крутой" and "жёсткий" to describe personalities, but I find it hard to understand these words and the difference between them. Here ...
0
votes
2answers
779 views

What is the original Russian word for a watermelon?

Wiktionary gives the following etymology of the word "арбуз" (watermelon): From Turkic. Compare Ottoman Turkish خربز‎ (harbüz), خربزه‎ (harbüze), Tatar карбыз (qarbız), Bashkir ҡарбуз (...
9
votes
2answers
572 views

What should I do with non-Russian proper names that sound like Russian swear words?

Let's suppose I am writing a serious article in Russian about a person, a business, or a geographic object whose proper name sounds in the original language like a Russian swear or obscene word. Of ...

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