Questions tagged [выбор-слова]

Questions about the difference in meaning or usage between two or more words.

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4answers
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Концепт VS концепция

В чем семантическая разница между словами «концепт» и «концепция»? Верно ли говорить «концепт добра и зла»? Различие между лево и право — это концепция? Любовь — это концепт?
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4answers
1k views

How is являться different from есть and быть

Consider these sentences: это -- ошибка это является ошибкой From what I can tell, these sentences both mean "This is a mistake". Probably they can be paraphrased explicitly using есть and быть as ...
5
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5answers
505 views

Is there a positive Russian word for a whistleblower?

Let's suppose some students gather every evening in a student dormitory and make loud noise till late night by playing guitar, talking, singing, laughing, etc., and a female student from the same ...
5
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3answers
519 views

How to refer to female friends in plural form?

I have friend (girl) and she's too jealous. I just want to mention her in Russian language that I have another friends (girls) and she cannot avoid me to be with them, especially when she's not my ...
5
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3answers
447 views

What is the difference between “ребенок” and “ребёнок”?

I found the following sentence: Это мой ребёнок. I looked up for the word and it returned "a child" or "a baby". However, it seems that "ребенок" (е, not ё) also returned "a child" or "a baby". ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Ровно или равно?

Оба слова переводятся на польский и английский языки как "równy" и "equal", соответственно. Есть ли между ними какая-то разница?
5
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4answers
461 views

How shall I say “star” and “unstar” (as in Github) in Russian?

Как сказать "star" и "unstar" (типа как отметить репозиторий звёздочной на GitHub'е или снять такую отметку) кратко и ясно? Желательно литературно, без "лайкнуть" и т.д. How to say "star" and "unstar"...
5
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2answers
251 views

Best word to describe what a педант does?

What would be the best word to describe what a педант does? In the following list there are some people along with the things normally do: Мазохист занимается мазохизмом. Казуист занимается ...
5
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3answers
399 views

Use of ‘это’ after a dash

Is there a particular significance to the use of это after a dash? For instance, I think Москва — столица России or Москва — это столица России mean the same thing. But I don't know the point of ...
5
votes
3answers
328 views

What is difference between вождь and лидер?

When one should use the first or the second? Is вождь a direct equivalent to English headman?
5
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4answers
282 views

How to decide whether to use “делать” vs “готовить” in cooking?

I have found the following sentences: Он делает салат. Они готовят суп. Она готовит десерт. In my dictionary, делать means do or make while готовить means prepare. But how can I decide which to use ...
5
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2answers
267 views

When do you use так как, потому что, из-за, благодаря, по, ради

There are many words in Russian for 'because'. I am unclear whether they are equivalent or are they used in different situations.
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2answers
450 views

Не отвести глаз или не свести глаз?

Is there any difference in meaning between these two expressions?
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2answers
315 views

Differentiate Russian words for “nowadays”

сегодня ныне в настоящее время нынче в наше время в наши дни As the ngram shows в наше время / в наши дни are rather seldom. Maybe they are somewhat profound. Anyway, I'd like to know how сегодня, ...
5
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1answer
222 views

To imply “but” when should I use “а” and when should I use “но”?

I want to imply but Now, a can mean both and and but And, но also means but So, when should I use a and when should I use но?
5
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3answers
418 views

What is the difference between “закат” and “заход”?

Could you please describe situation, when one word should be used instead of other?
5
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1answer
283 views

What do “случайно” and “не случайно” mean?

Somebody sent me a letter that included this sentence Извини, это я сделала не случайно. I looked up случайно and it had the definition accidentally, by accident, casually, by chance So I ...
5
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1answer
177 views

поде́лать vs сделать, both mean to make/to do and are perfective

Beginner here. I'm trying to figure out the difference between поде́лать and сделать. According to the above wiktionary links, they both mean to make / to do and are both perfective verbs. Are they ...
5
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2answers
301 views

What is the difference between “кафедра” and “факультет”?

It seems both words can translate to "department", "college", or "school", and each of those English words refers to some division of a higher educational institution. How does one distinguish the ...
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2answers
333 views

Aspect following должен

Is there any rule governing the choice of aspect following forms of должен? It seems that in a negative sentence with должен, the best choice is often the imperfective, i.e.: Мы не должны были ...
5
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4answers
1k views

ходил / сходил / пошёл

I was told that : пошёл - went somewhere and (usually) haven’t come back yet (and told that I can use ушёл here too) if you state it as a fact or as a part of a story with other actions following one ...
5
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3answers
336 views

What's the difference between стихи and стихотворение?

It sounds like стихотворение has something to do with творческий, so I'd guess it's more like epic poetry, but I was taught поэм/поэзия is used for epic poems. Is стихи just short for стихотворение?
5
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2answers
419 views

What word was used in Russian for line before the borrowing of “линия”?

What word was used in Russian for a line before линия was borrowed in the 18th century? Was it черта? Or something else?
5
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4answers
435 views

Смельчак - храбрец

Чем отличаются слова смельчак и храбрец?
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3answers
316 views

В чем разница между чистящий и очищающий?

Мне интересно в чем разница между чистящий и очищающий. Спасибо.
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3answers
387 views

Колготки or колготы?

There was a small discussion between texnic and me about the appropriate way to denote tights - a classical question on forums related to Russian linguistics. As I do not consider myself an expert in ...
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2answers
166 views

What is the difference in usage between “ветвление” and “разветвление”?

The word ветвление (branching, ramification) appears to be a purely technical synonym for разветвление. I can find разветвление in ordinary dictionaries, but ветвление is not there, although it is ...
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3answers
1k views

Difference between “Я хочу” and “Мне хочется”?

Without being given a specific context, can one tell the difference between "Я хочу" and "Мне хочется"? I have already seen this question, but it didn't answer mine, which is more about a general ...
5
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1answer
182 views

Скульптор, делающий только статуэтки - как его назвать?

Большая часть собственно в заголовке. Скульптор — очень общее слово, и скорей ассоциируется со статуями (которые большие, в полный рост, или если даже бюсты которые вроде небольшие, но все равно в ...
5
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2answers
289 views

What is the difference between “не надо” and “не нужно”?

Is there any difference between не надо and не нужно? If there is, what is it? For example: A pizza delivery guy comes to my home and brings pizza. Its cost is 650 руб and I give him 700 руб. Now ...
5
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2answers
261 views

Imperfective “хотеть(ся)” versus perfective “захотеть(ся)”

With most verbs, the difference between the imperfective and perfective forms is obvious to me. But not so with хотеть(ся) and захотеть(ся), perhaps because "to want" is a state or condition, and not ...
5
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4answers
3k views

В чем разница между - более красивый, красивее, красивей, краше?

What's the difference between these comparative adj forms? более красивый красивее красивей краше Are they all used? Some adjectives apparently do not have all these forms. For instance for ...
5
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1answer
591 views

What is the difference between научиться and выучить?

What is the difference between научиться and выучить? I understand that they both mean "to learn" but are they used in different contexts?
5
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2answers
164 views

The differences among the imperatives of verbs of motion

I would like to see contrasting examples of the imperatives of to go. What are the differences among these? ходи иди пойди
5
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1answer
945 views

What's the difference between “очень приятно” and “приятно познакомиться”?

On some site I was on months ago (I can't recall), it says that "очень приятно" is "nice to meet you" and I've heard a native Russian use that phrase. But, I've also used the Nemo app a bit and it ...
5
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1answer
811 views

How does “следует” behave towards “должен”, “надо” and “нужно”

There is this question about надо and нужно, but how do следует, должен, надо and нужно behave towards each other? For instance Тебе следует купить новую лопату. How would this sentence ...
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4answers
1k views

“выдержка” vs. “терпение”

Сформулируйте, пожалуйста, в чем разница между значением и употреблением слов "выдержка" (как черта характера, а не как фото-термин) и "терпение".
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1answer
2k views

Фарисей, ханжа, лицемер, лицедей, ипокрит

В чем разница в оттенках между словами? Когда какое нужно использовать? фарисей Лицемер, ханжа. ханжа Неискренний человек, прикрывающийся показной добродетельностью или набожностью; лицемер. ...
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2answers
156 views

When to use “куча” and when to use “уйма”?

In conversation, I said jokingly: С молокососами нередко бывает куча хлопот. Сдается мне, я постоянно убираю за ними... С тем же успехом я вполне мог бы вести дело совсем уж в одиночку! {vs}: С ...
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2answers
70 views

“Оправдаться” or “оправдать себя”

Sometimes I don't know which reflexive form is better. I know that оправдаться means "to be justified". But, if I want to tell "I don't need to justify myself" (in the sense of "I don't need to give ...
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5answers
337 views

Беспризорный vs. Бомж vs. Бездомный

Эти синонимы. Но мне кажется, что все-таки тонкая разница есть. My current understanding of the difference: Беспризорный = "homeless" -- used in a more educated written register (literature ...
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3answers
274 views

Which is the difference between “поперек” and “через”?

In my understanding, they both mean across, right? Are they interchangeable or used in specific situations?
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4answers
419 views

What's the difference between “ученица” and “студентка”?

It feels like the latter is more specific... Which one should I use when addressing a high-school student?
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4answers
2k views

Использование “я” и “мне”

I'm having difficulty understanding when to use "Я" and when to use "мне". In the sentence: Я хочу книгу We use "Я" meaning I. But in the sentence: Мне нужна книга We use "Мне" meaning I. ...
4
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2answers
483 views

Why would one use “свой” instead of a more direct word in the following context? [duplicate]

Today I learned that the "standard" Russian translation of "I lost my ticket is Я потерял свой билет. Why would you use свой instead of мой? My understanding is that свой can refer to "one's own." ...
4
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4answers
269 views

Сети у нас есть, или SETI?

Дорогая передача! I must confess that until recently I never read any of Vysotsky in print. Doing so for the first time I've stumbled upon these lines, and I was immensely surprised. As far as I ...
4
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2answers
506 views

When can I omit the word “есть”?

What's the difference between: у папы семь собак and у папы есть семь собак Are both sentences used? When can I omit есть? On a daily basis which of these would you use?
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “я люблю” and “мне нравится”?

I don't really understand when to use each so generally I use the latter but I was wondering, is it ok to use the former with people you just met?
4
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3answers
161 views

“Перекрестье” vs. “перекрестие” — what's the difference?

Are "перекрестье" and "перекрестие" two different words with different meanings? Or are they two variants of the same word? Can they be used interchangeably?
4
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3answers
386 views

Oдин or раз (Rammstein Moskau lyrics)

In Rammstein's "Moskau" the singer uses "раз два три" which I had understood as meaning "one, two, three", however I am now learning that the proper way to count up would be "один два три". I've come ...

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