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Questions tagged [глаголы]

Questions about verbs, both finite and non-finite forms such as infinitives, gerunds, participles. The tag covers formation, derivation, functions, usage and meaning of verbs.

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2answers
92 views

Why do we say “было” instead of “были”?

Why do we say "у него было много энергии и большой талант" and we don’t use "были"?
3
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2answers
92 views

Neutral perfective prefix vs nuance prefix

As far as I understood, when a russian verb becomes perfective by prefixation, the resulting verb can either have a new nuance of meaning or just express the completion of an action. As such, сделать ...
2
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3answers
106 views

How to express verb + infinitive in Russian?

In English you can sometimes append an infinitive to another verb to express the concept of purpose. For example: Let's meet to discuss this. How would I translate this construction to Russian? ...
2
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2answers
248 views

Why does the first person singular future of победить not exist?

For example, if you say "чтобы победить этот страх", it's quite likely that you also sometimes need to say "I will overcome", "Я победить этот страх". I think I have seen a few other verbs like this ...
5
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2answers
56 views

“Оправдаться” or “оправдать себя”

Sometimes I don't know which reflexive form is better. I know that оправдаться means "to be justified". But, if I want to tell "I don't need to justify myself" (in the sense of "I don't need to give ...
4
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2answers
104 views

Doubt about стоит/стоило

I know that сто́ить has several meanings. For example, the sentence сколько стоит? means "How much does it cost". Говорить о религии не стоит means "It's not worth talking about religion". And это ...
3
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3answers
80 views

Какая разница между «слабеть» и «ослабевать»?

Зачем одному «ослабеть» два несовершенных вида?
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1answer
48 views

Choosing between “за” + instr. noun and imperfective verbal adverbs

While studying 'imperfective verbal adverbs' (IVA), I came across another constriction for saying, '+ing'. Which is.... better? читающий книгу читающий работающий ужинающий or using preposition 'за'...
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1answer
158 views

“Прочитанную книгу” или “читаемую книгу”?

I open a read book. Здесь рэд это третья форма глагола, то есть она означает и прочитанный и читаемый одновременно! Тогда как правильно перевести: Я открыл прочитанную книгу. или Я открыл читаемую ...
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3answers
99 views

Intepretation of the imperfective participle “переводивший”

In the sentence: Cтуденты, переводившие эту статью, говорят, что она очень трудная. ¿Is the meaning one of a perfect action of the type "Students, having translated this article,..." or is it more ...
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2answers
130 views

Is “блестеть” or “блистать” used in the figurative “он не блещет умом”?

он не блещет умом она блещет красотой Is "блестеть" or "блистать" used, when it comes to the figurative use of these verbs? Also: Is it less common to use another form of their third-person ...
2
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2answers
135 views

“Я на тебя удивляюсь” or “я тебе удивляюсь”

Choosing between "я на тебя удивляюсь" and "я тебе удивляюсь" - which is correct as the object of the verb удивляться?
0
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1answer
53 views

Different 'number' in verb of relative clause using который

This is in regards to Nicholas J. Brown's New Penguin book, page 336. There, the author offers 3 alternatives, mainly the first 2 to show the difference between который and long-form past passive ...
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3answers
139 views

Russian verb for “install (a PC application)”

I understand скачать is for download, but what is the correct term for install? (по)ставить?
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1answer
106 views

Sentence written w/ and w/o participles - passive vs active voice

In Nicholas J. Brown's book, exercise 27/4 has a sentence, roughly expressing the same idea (with and without Past Passive Participles [short,perfective,transitive]) and the question and answer are in ...
2
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2answers
90 views

What are the effects of using two synonyms “видаться” and “увидеться” in a row?

Р. S. Если Вы видаетесь и увидитесь съ Бернгардомъ Васильевичемъ, то потрудитесь передать ему и семейству его мой сердечный поклонъ. As far as I know, their meanings seem quite similar, if not the ...
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3answers
142 views

Are “тянуть” and “растягивать” equivalent?

I've noticed that some imperfective verbs are converted to the perfective by just adding a prefix. However and oddly enough, sometimes there's an alternate imperfective formed from an internal ...
1
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2answers
75 views

Case after разучиться

Most verbs derived from учиться answer the question "чему?". However, my textbook just cites "делать что?" as the question to be answered by разучиться. Can разучиться be followed by a noun rather ...
6
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2answers
179 views

What determines the usage of the three stress patterns of the past form “начался”?

I've seen на́чался, начался́, and нача́лся listed as past forms of this verb. However, there's no explanation as to when one form is used over another. Is it a matter of register? Are some of the ...
6
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1answer
126 views

What is the difference between “миновать” and “минуть”?

According to the dictionary, миновать is both perfective and imperfective. So I'm having trouble reconciling минуть: Does it indeed form part of the (hypothetical) verb pair минуть - муиновать, or is ...
2
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1answer
102 views

“То, что” or “то, чтобы”

I know that many prepositions can be followed by то, чтобы if we want to relate the preposition to a new sentence, rather than just a noun. Вместо того, чтобы... Настаивать на том, чтобы... ...
3
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1answer
79 views

“Отказаться от” before a clause

I know that the verb отказаться requires the preposition от before mentioning the thing to be refused. If the following word is a noun, then no problem. The noun declines into the genitive. They ...
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2answers
43 views

Clauses after non-accusative verbs or то

1. A friend of mine wrote я не интересуюсь, кто с кем играет (in a football match). Normally, интересоваться is followed by a word in the instrumental case. When the word is a noun, an adjective or a ...
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4answers
123 views

Is this “согласитесь” the Future or the Imperative?

Согласитесь, впечатляет: у ребенка, как я, свой бизнес! This is what a kid said. Given the exclamation mark, it's tempting to regard it as the imperative form: "(You must) Agree(!) that it's ...
2
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3answers
148 views

What's up with объять?

I was looking up the verb обнимать/обнять. Wiktionary says some very weird and confusing things about the “literary conjugation” of обнимать. The word объемлет, according to Wiktionary, does not ...
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2answers
103 views

Off-aspect conjugations

It has been confusing me the fact that a few verbs have participles which, according to textbooks, normally don't match a particular verb aspect (perfective or imperfective). For example, гореть (imp....
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0answers
59 views

Motion Verbs - Deciding which verb to use when [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand which motion verbs should be used in which situation. The verbs that I have been studying are: идти/пойти ехать/поехать ходить ездить When should I ...
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2answers
143 views

Как узнать какой падеж, если несколько глаголов в одной фразе, и какой глагол будет работать

как можно узнать какой падеж если несколько глаголов в одной фразе, и какой глагол будет работать? например : он начинал смотреть интересные кино какой глагол будет контролировать фразу по ...
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3answers
85 views

What verb is considered omitted in the expression “Я вообще-то про X и Y”?

Я вообще-то про X и Y... The speaker used this expression to set her interlocutor straight on who she was actually referring to. I'm assuming this is an equivalent of: Actually, I was talking/...
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2answers
67 views

Why use imperfective “выбирать” on one hand and perfective “выбрать” on the other in these impersonal “one/you” statements?

Место рождения не выбирают. Нельзя выбрать, где родиться. These two sentences convey essentially the same meaning; the impersonal "one/you" cannot choose where you are born. Since this is a ...
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2answers
200 views

Imperative with imperfective verbs

Is it rude to use imperative with imperfective verbs? Like, suppose you are a customs officer asking someone to open their case, you could probably (I'm just guessing at this point) say either: ...
2
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4answers
441 views

Verbs with no gerund

I read that verbs есть, ждать, мочь, петь, пить, спать have no gerund (деепричастие). So, if I ever need to convey a progressive mood of these verbs (respectively, eating, waiting, being able to, ...
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3answers
1k views

How to say “slam a door open/shut” in Russian?

I would like to translate this sentence to Russian: The doors of the [beduin] tents slammed open and shut in the wind. I found the verbs хло́пнуть and захло́пнуть for shutting or slamming a door. ...
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2answers
145 views

Is an object obligatory for a transitive verb?

Is this correct grammar? Мы пели. ('We sang' with the word 'songs' or 'a song' missing but implied.
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3answers
157 views

Interpretation of “забить” and “цацкаться”

In a chat about an annoying user (I believe in Russian you would call her a тролль), I came across the following comment: Ну остаётся только забить на неё, мне кажется, её только подстегивает то,...
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4answers
493 views

What's the difference between “ходить” and “идти”?

As far as I understand they both mean "go", but I'd like to know when I should use each. Are these words interchangeable?
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8answers
722 views

Calling a proper noun with “называть”

I came across this exercise (pg 191 in Russian in an Easy Way if that helps) where it talks about the Olympics. One sentence is: Зимние игры называют Белой Олимпиадой. I understand the verb as 'to ...
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1answer
144 views

“Встань” or “встать”?

I was listening to song Играть, чтобы жить, by Павел Пламенев. Something is really bothering me in the lyrics. I understand the song well, vocabulary is not a problem for me here. Except this: Ты сам ...
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4answers
135 views

объехать vs. объездить for the sense of traveling all over a place?

I'm familiar with how -ехать is used to form perfective motion verbs with directional prefixes: приехать, уехать, etc.; and how ездить can be used to form perfectives with non-directional prefixes: ...
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7answers
1k views

Do “надо” constructions tend to pair with perfective verbs and if so, why?

I've noticed that constructions with "надо" tend to use a perfective form of a verb. Is there some sort of loose grammar rule dictating this? Or does it just depend on context? For example, can I ...
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2answers
315 views

Do all verbs in Russian have both an imperfective and perfective aspect?

I have a lot to learn about Russian verb usage and structure, but at least I've been introduced and somewhat understand the difference between the perfective and imperfective aspect of a verb. Early ...
5
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1answer
121 views

Cопряжение глагола с существительным неопределенного количества

Какое количество национальностей проживает... Я встречал это предложение и у меня есть вопрос. Правильно ли писать: Какое количество национальностей проживают... потому что количество относится ...
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3answers
125 views

Is the perfective aspect used to indicate failure?

If I began an action, failed it, and was unable to ever do it again, my action would be completed (but it would be completed in a way that I wouldn't expect). Would I use the perfective aspect for ...
4
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3answers
914 views

Is there a rule for conjugating Russian verbs?

I just started learning Russian. I know it's just going to take me forever if I have to learn every single individual conjugation for every single verb (except for irregulars). I haven't been able to ...
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3answers
385 views

Why are возить/везти and носить/нести related as they are in prefixed verbs?

возить/везти/носить/нести are all imperfective verbs meaning "to carry", возить/носить are abstract, везти/нести are concrete, возить/везти are by vehicle, and носить/нести are by foot. In this ...
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2answers
163 views

Meaning of prefix по- in verbs поехать and пойти

Both this website and my grammar workbook state that the meaning of по- in the verbs пойти and поехать is to indicate the beginning (but not necessarily the completion) of an action. However, I ...
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1answer
146 views

Why are there verbs derived from ходить, but not идти?

Despite the fact that both ходить and ехать are imperfective verbs, the verbs formed by adding prefixes to ходить are imperfective, while those formed by adding prefixes to ехать are perfective. ...
5
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3answers
242 views

Why are there verbs derived from ехать but not ездить?

I noticed recently that there are many verbs derived from ехать by adding prefixes, such as уехать or доехать, which are all perfective, and whose imperfective forms are created by add the prefix to ...
5
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4answers
361 views

“Я шёл в магазин” или “я пошёл в магазин”?

Compare: Вчера я шел в магазин купить хлеб. Вчера я пошел в магазин купить хлеб. If you translate the first as "Yesterday I was going to the store to buy bread," you need a further clause in English ...
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2answers
223 views

Are there truly “empty” perfectivizing prefixes in Russian? (aspectual clusters versus aspectual pairs)

Foreign learners are often taught that Russian verbs always come in aspectual pairs, with the perfective verb formed from the imperfective verb either by changing the stem or adding a prefix. The two ...