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Questions tagged [глаголы]

Questions about verbs, both finite and non-finite forms such as infinitives, gerunds, participles. The tag covers formation, derivation, functions, usage and meaning of verbs.

5
votes
3answers
566 views

The verb “to prioritize”

What is a natural way to say the following? It's better to give priority to this task. I need to set priorities. I need to get my priorities straight. I'm finding expressions like: (приоритизировать,...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

Difference between водить машину and ездить на машине?

My dictionary says that "ездить" is the indeterminate of "ехать" which is to ride. The dictionary then says that "водить" is to operate. Can someone explain the difference to me and give some examples ...
11
votes
2answers
951 views

What's the 'present simple' form of the word “нашла́” in 3rd person singular female?

What's the 'present simple' form of the word "нашла́" in 3rd person singular female? For example: She finds a new toy every week. I look for this word in a table of this verb and it's not ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

Meaning of недоперепить

Искал этот глагол в нескольких словарях, но не тут-то было. в этот раз недоперепил, так что нормально.
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Why do we say “было” instead of “были”?

Why do we say "у него было много энергии и большой талант" and we don’t use "были"?
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Neutral perfective prefix vs nuance prefix

As far as I understood, when a russian verb becomes perfective by prefixation, the resulting verb can either have a new nuance of meaning or just express the completion of an action. As such, сделать ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

How to express verb + infinitive in Russian?

In English you can sometimes append an infinitive to another verb to express the concept of purpose. For example: Let's meet to discuss this. How would I translate this construction to Russian? ...
2
votes
2answers
261 views

Why does the first person singular future of победить not exist?

For example, if you say "чтобы победить этот страх", it's quite likely that you also sometimes need to say "I will overcome", "Я победить этот страх". I think I have seen a few other verbs like this ...
5
votes
2answers
59 views

“Оправдаться” or “оправдать себя”

Sometimes I don't know which reflexive form is better. I know that оправдаться means "to be justified". But, if I want to tell "I don't need to justify myself" (in the sense of "I don't need to give ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

Doubt about стоит/стоило

I know that сто́ить has several meanings. For example, the sentence сколько стоит? means "How much does it cost". Говорить о религии не стоит means "It's not worth talking about religion". And это ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

Какая разница между «слабеть» и «ослабевать»?

Зачем одному «ослабеть» два несовершенных вида?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Choosing between “за” + instr. noun and imperfective verbal adverbs

While studying 'imperfective verbal adverbs' (IVA), I came across another construction for saying, '+ing'. Which is.... better? читающий книгу читающий работающий ужинающий or using preposition 'за'...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

“Прочитанную книгу” или “читаемую книгу”?

I open a read book. Здесь рэд это третья форма глагола, то есть она означает и прочитанный и читаемый одновременно! Тогда как правильно перевести: Я открыл прочитанную книгу. или Я открыл читаемую ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

Intepretation of the imperfective participle “переводивший”

In the sentence: Cтуденты, переводившие эту статью, говорят, что она очень трудная. ¿Is the meaning one of a perfect action of the type "Students, having translated this article,..." or is it more ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Is “блестеть” or “блистать” used in the figurative “он не блещет умом”?

он не блещет умом она блещет красотой Is "блестеть" or "блистать" used, when it comes to the figurative use of these verbs? Also: Is it less common to use another form of their third-person ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

“Я на тебя удивляюсь” or “я тебе удивляюсь”

Choosing between "я на тебя удивляюсь" and "я тебе удивляюсь" - which is correct as the object of the verb удивляться?
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Different 'number' in verb of relative clause using который

This is in regards to Nicholas J. Brown's New Penguin book, page 336. There, the author offers 3 alternatives, mainly the first 2 to show the difference between который and long-form past passive ...
1
vote
3answers
142 views

Russian verb for “install (a PC application)”

I understand скачать is for download, but what is the correct term for install? (по)ставить?
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Sentence written w/ and w/o participles - passive vs active voice

In Nicholas J. Brown's book, exercise 27/4 has a sentence, roughly expressing the same idea (with and without Past Passive Participles [short,perfective,transitive]) and the question and answer are in ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

What are the effects of using two synonyms “видаться” and “увидеться” in a row?

Р. S. Если Вы видаетесь и увидитесь съ Бернгардомъ Васильевичемъ, то потрудитесь передать ему и семейству его мой сердечный поклонъ. As far as I know, their meanings seem quite similar, if not the ...
5
votes
3answers
145 views

Are “тянуть” and “растягивать” equivalent?

I've noticed that some imperfective verbs are converted to the perfective by just adding a prefix. However and oddly enough, sometimes there's an alternate imperfective formed from an internal ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Case after разучиться

Most verbs derived from учиться answer the question "чему?". However, my textbook just cites "делать что?" as the question to be answered by разучиться. Can разучиться be followed by a noun rather ...
6
votes
2answers
180 views

What determines the usage of the three stress patterns of the past form “начался”?

I've seen на́чался, начался́, and нача́лся listed as past forms of this verb. However, there's no explanation as to when one form is used over another. Is it a matter of register? Are some of the ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the difference between “миновать” and “минуть”?

According to the dictionary, миновать is both perfective and imperfective. So I'm having trouble reconciling минуть: Does it indeed form part of the (hypothetical) verb pair минуть - муиновать, or is ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

“То, что” or “то, чтобы”

I know that many prepositions can be followed by то, чтобы if we want to relate the preposition to a new sentence, rather than just a noun. Вместо того, чтобы... Настаивать на том, чтобы... ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

“Отказаться от” before a clause

I know that the verb отказаться requires the preposition от before mentioning the thing to be refused. If the following word is a noun, then no problem. The noun declines into the genitive. They ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Clauses after non-accusative verbs or то

1. A friend of mine wrote я не интересуюсь, кто с кем играет (in a football match). Normally, интересоваться is followed by a word in the instrumental case. When the word is a noun, an adjective or a ...
4
votes
4answers
123 views

Is this “согласитесь” the Future or the Imperative?

Согласитесь, впечатляет: у ребенка, как я, свой бизнес! This is what a kid said. Given the exclamation mark, it's tempting to regard it as the imperative form: "(You must) Agree(!) that it's ...
3
votes
3answers
156 views

What's up with объять?

I was looking up the verb обнимать/обнять. Wiktionary says some very weird and confusing things about the “literary conjugation” of обнимать. The word объемлет, according to Wiktionary, does not ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Off-aspect conjugations

It has been confusing me the fact that a few verbs have participles which, according to textbooks, normally don't match a particular verb aspect (perfective or imperfective). For example, гореть (imp....
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Motion Verbs - Deciding which verb to use when [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand which motion verbs should be used in which situation. The verbs that I have been studying are: идти/пойти ехать/поехать ходить ездить When should I ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Как узнать какой падеж, если несколько глаголов в одной фразе, и какой глагол будет работать

как можно узнать какой падеж если несколько глаголов в одной фразе, и какой глагол будет работать? например : он начинал смотреть интересные кино какой глагол будет контролировать фразу по ...
5
votes
3answers
88 views

What verb is considered omitted in the expression “Я вообще-то про X и Y”?

Я вообще-то про X и Y... The speaker used this expression to set her interlocutor straight on who she was actually referring to. I'm assuming this is an equivalent of: Actually, I was talking/...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Why use imperfective “выбирать” on one hand and perfective “выбрать” on the other in these impersonal “one/you” statements?

Место рождения не выбирают. Нельзя выбрать, где родиться. These two sentences convey essentially the same meaning; the impersonal "one/you" cannot choose where you are born. Since this is a ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Imperative with imperfective verbs

Is it rude to use imperative with imperfective verbs? Like, suppose you are a customs officer asking someone to open their case, you could probably (I'm just guessing at this point) say either: ...
2
votes
4answers
464 views

Verbs with no gerund

I read that verbs есть, ждать, мочь, петь, пить, спать have no gerund (деепричастие). So, if I ever need to convey a progressive mood of these verbs (respectively, eating, waiting, being able to, ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to say “slam a door open/shut” in Russian?

I would like to translate this sentence to Russian: The doors of the [beduin] tents slammed open and shut in the wind. I found the verbs хло́пнуть and захло́пнуть for shutting or slamming a door. ...
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Is an object obligatory for a transitive verb?

Is this correct grammar? Мы пели. ('We sang' with the word 'songs' or 'a song' missing but implied.
4
votes
3answers
159 views

Interpretation of “забить” and “цацкаться”

In a chat about an annoying user (I believe in Russian you would call her a тролль), I came across the following comment: Ну остаётся только забить на неё, мне кажется, её только подстегивает то,...
5
votes
4answers
595 views

What's the difference between “ходить” and “идти”?

As far as I understand they both mean "go", but I'd like to know when I should use each. Are these words interchangeable?
9
votes
8answers
730 views

Calling a proper noun with “называть”

I came across this exercise (pg 191 in Russian in an Easy Way if that helps) where it talks about the Olympics. One sentence is: Зимние игры называют Белой Олимпиадой. I understand the verb as 'to ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

“Встань” or “встать”?

I was listening to song Играть, чтобы жить, by Павел Пламенев. Something is really bothering me in the lyrics. I understand the song well, vocabulary is not a problem for me here. Except this: Ты сам ...
1
vote
4answers
143 views

объехать vs. объездить for the sense of traveling all over a place?

I'm familiar with how -ехать is used to form perfective motion verbs with directional prefixes: приехать, уехать, etc.; and how ездить can be used to form perfectives with non-directional prefixes: ...
11
votes
7answers
1k views

Do “надо” constructions tend to pair with perfective verbs and if so, why?

I've noticed that constructions with "надо" tend to use a perfective form of a verb. Is there some sort of loose grammar rule dictating this? Or does it just depend on context? For example, can I ...
6
votes
2answers
362 views

Do all verbs in Russian have both an imperfective and perfective aspect?

I have a lot to learn about Russian verb usage and structure, but at least I've been introduced and somewhat understand the difference between the perfective and imperfective aspect of a verb. Early ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Cопряжение глагола с существительным неопределенного количества

Какое количество национальностей проживает... Я встречал это предложение и у меня есть вопрос. Правильно ли писать: Какое количество национальностей проживают... потому что количество относится ...
4
votes
3answers
126 views

Is the perfective aspect used to indicate failure?

If I began an action, failed it, and was unable to ever do it again, my action would be completed (but it would be completed in a way that I wouldn't expect). Would I use the perfective aspect for ...
4
votes
3answers
967 views

Is there a rule for conjugating Russian verbs?

I just started learning Russian. I know it's just going to take me forever if I have to learn every single individual conjugation for every single verb (except for irregulars). I haven't been able to ...
8
votes
3answers
416 views

Why are возить/везти and носить/нести related as they are in prefixed verbs?

возить/везти/носить/нести are all imperfective verbs meaning "to carry", возить/носить are abstract, везти/нести are concrete, возить/везти are by vehicle, and носить/нести are by foot. In this ...
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Meaning of prefix по- in verbs поехать and пойти

Both this website and my grammar workbook state that the meaning of по- in the verbs пойти and поехать is to indicate the beginning (but not necessarily the completion) of an action. However, I ...