Questions tagged [глаголы]

Questions about verbs, both finite and non-finite forms such as infinitives, gerunds, participles. The tag covers formation, derivation, functions, usage and meaning of verbs.

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44
votes
9answers
11k views

Why do Russians almost not use verbs of possession akin to "have"?

I have always been puzzled as to why the Russians almost never use verbs of possession akin to "have" or "own." Instead of such verbs, the Russians use the preposition у, whose ...
28
votes
8answers
4k views

How can I finally understand the confusing modal verb "мочь"?

The verb мочь is one of the most basic words, actually a central modal verb, but I am so much confused about it. I am often at a loss as to how to interpret it in particular sentences, and I avoid ...
23
votes
2answers
918 views

What's the first person singular future of победить

What is the first person singular of победить in future tense? The other person-numbers have obvious forms such as: ты победишь, мы победим, они победят, вы победите, он победит, я ??? The obvious &...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Do Russian speakers consistently produce the same perfective form for a new verb?

Suppose, for example, that a new verb снапчатовать ("to snapchat") was coined in Russian. Would Russian speakers agree on what the perfective form of this verb should be? Is that generally the case ...
16
votes
3answers
686 views

Why do verbs in past tense—and not other parts of speech—have gender?

In Russian, verbs in the past have gender information attached to them, so that “я спросил” implies that the asker was male, whereas “я спросила” comes from a female. Why no other tenses have this ...
13
votes
8answers
2k views

Is there a difference between "кидать" and "бросать"?

In many cases, you can find that words which initially appear to be absolute synonyms actually have slight differences in meaning, so that one can be used in a specific setting while the other cannot. ...
12
votes
10answers
4k views

What's the difference between "люблю" and "обожаю"?

I was doing a Clozemaster exercise and it asked to translate "I love reading" to Russian. I thought of putting Люблю читать but the correct answer that the exercise wanted was Обожаю читать. What's ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Do "надо" constructions tend to pair with perfective verbs and if so, why?

I've noticed that constructions with "надо" tend to use a perfective form of a verb. Is there some sort of loose grammar rule dictating this? Or does it just depend on context? For example, can I ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does she say "Я понимаешь" and not "Я понимаю"?

I've heard people say "понимаешь" when they clearly intend to mean "I understand", such as in this line from the Serebro song Не Время: Я понимаешь, я это чувствую потом мы всё ...
12
votes
7answers
1k views

Can you use "едать" and "игрывать" in the present and future tenses?

There is a big conflict between what I was taught here in Japan and what is written in most Russian grammar sources, and I am very curious what the native speakers have to say about it. I am ...
12
votes
4answers
671 views

Difference between двигается and движется

While studying Russian, I encountered two words which both seem to translate to '(he/she/it) moves' or '(he/she/it) is moving': двигается and движется. Some Internet research (e.g. this page which I ...
12
votes
4answers
841 views

Why are past tense verbs used as imperative at times ("пошел вон", "пошли пообедаем")?

Most of the examples I can think of are imperatives used in an angry tone ("Пошел вон!", "Упал, отжался!") and it seems the past tense is used just to underline that there's no alternative to the ...
11
votes
8answers
4k views

What is the meaning of "понаехать"?

Wiktionary defines the verb "понаехать" as follows: наехать, приехать во множестве, в большом числе This is obviously a single meaning, not a list of different meanings, because different ...
11
votes
2answers
983 views

What's the 'present simple' form of the word "нашла́" in 3rd person singular female?

What's the 'present simple' form of the word "нашла́" in 3rd person singular female? For example: She finds a new toy every week. I look for this word in a table of this verb and it's not ...
10
votes
8answers
842 views

Calling a proper noun with "называть"

I came across this exercise (pg 191 in Russian in an Easy Way if that helps) where it talks about the Olympics. One sentence is: Зимние игры называют Белой Олимпиадой. I understand the verb as 'to ...
10
votes
9answers
2k views

Is there any difference between торопиться и спешить?

Can спешить replace торопиться in this sentence, for example: “на вашем месте я не торопился бы критиковать все направо и налево…”
10
votes
3answers
613 views

Origin of the verb form "(я) ем"

Can please someone explain the origin of "-м" in "(я) ем". Why do other verbs have "-у (-ю)" ending in the 1st person singular of present ("я работаю, я учу"), but this verb has "-м"?
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Swearing: "пошёл на ..." vs. "иди на ..."

Has anyone ever thought why in swearing people use not only the imperative "иди", but also (and even more frequently) the form "пошёл"?
10
votes
3answers
638 views

Difference between "открыл" and "открывал"

I am not sure I understand the difference between these two verb forms. For example, what is the difference in meaning between: Кто-то открыл дверь. and Кто-то открывал дверь. As far as I ...
10
votes
5answers
252 views

Verb roots: -секать/сечь

I've been trying to master your verbs, especially verbs of motion and with prefixes (приставки). it's interesting to me how verbs with the same root but different приставки can have dramatically ...
10
votes
2answers
355 views

Are there truly "empty" perfectivizing prefixes in Russian? (aspectual clusters versus aspectual pairs)

Foreign learners are often taught that Russian verbs always come in aspectual pairs, with the perfective verb formed from the imperfective verb either by changing the stem or adding a prefix. The two ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

The usage of иметь

Possession is generally expressed in Russian using у + genitive case. However, in technical contexts the verb иметь is used, e.g., это уравнение имеет решение or этот многочлен имеет один корень. I ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

The meaning of "влекомый"

Is it possible to use "влекомый" as a passive participle of the verb "влечь" in meaning "to cause"? I can only think of examples where it is used in meaning "to carry" or "to attract": карета, ...
10
votes
2answers
458 views

Может ли известное ругательство с упоминанием матери быть сохранившимся аористом 1 л. ед. ч.?

У глаголов с основой на согласный формы аориста 1 л. ед. ч. (несъ, везъ и т.п.) совпадают с их прошедшим временем ед. ч. м. р. в современном русском. (Которое, разумеется, возникло гораздо позже с ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Talking about perfective and imperfective verbs

Здравствуйте! I speak spanish, and I'm learning russian. We're studying perfective and imperfective verbs, like читать - прочитать. I get really confuse with some глаголы, like купить & покупать, ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to remember the differences between all of the "-гляд-" verbs?

There are many verbs based on the root -гляд-, which all mean something similar to "look at/glance" (взгляд), and are among the most commonly used words of the Russian language. Because of this, they ...
9
votes
2answers
637 views

Difference between 'падать' and 'упасть'

I am a new student of the russian language. I came across 'падать/упасть' to fall. Could someone explain this to me because they look like entirely different words to my untrained eyes. Even just a ...
9
votes
1answer
231 views

What verb form is "будь" (or any other verb) in constructions similar to "Будь он дома, открыл бы нам дверь."?

It looks like imperative singular, but its meaning is obviously not imperative. Maybe it's actually some other verb form mostly absent in modern Russian? What is the origin of usage of imperative (or ...
9
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the difference between the perfective forms скушать and покушать

I see both forms being mentioned as perfective forms of кушать
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Добавление приставок к глаголам перемещения

Рассмотрим в качестве примера пару глаголов «везти — возить». Я встречал упоминания, что эти формы называются «Imperfective definite» и «Imperfective indefinite» соответственно (не знаю, насколько это ...
8
votes
4answers
13k views

Is it possible to translate English tenses into Russian tenses?

How would these tenses and aspects translate into Russian? I realize that the two languages use a different system, but it seems to me that if I knew how each of these aspects translated than I would ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between поиграть and сыграть

What is the difference between «поиграть» and «сыграть»? They both are perfective forms of «играть» (to play, to perform). When should each one be used? Are they interchangeable?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Можно ли считать "глядя" супплетивным деепричастием от "смотреть"?

Вопрос может показаться странным, но вот его логика. В современном русском практически не употребляют смотря именно как деепричастие — оно прочно стало частью союзов смотря как, смотря где и т.д. С ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Много людей (знает/знают)

I encountered this phrase: "Много людей в Европе и Америке знает о Петербурге." The subject is intuitively plural, so I expected "знают" - "Много людей знают...". When are singular verbs used in ...
8
votes
2answers
336 views

Какое наклонение у глаголов в репликах "Проходим!", "Не задержимаемся!" и т.д

Довольно часто в разговорной речи я слышу, что в побудительных фразах используются глаголы множественного числа первого лица настоящего времени. Например, контроллер в автобусе: "Садимся, не ...
8
votes
1answer
228 views

Живут или живёт?

I have come across this sentence where the verb жить is declined for the third person singular: Там живёт около 500 человек. Shouldn't живут be grammatically correct since we're talking about ...
8
votes
2answers
908 views

What's the difference between плыть and плавать, пройтись and поxодить, полетел and залетал, etc.?

What's the semantic difference between verbs in column A and their counterparts in column B? Is there any term (in Russian) describing the verbs in A and the verbs in B? А B пл'ыть ...
8
votes
2answers
169 views

Совершенный вид?

If someone asks me Почему ты не сделал домашние задание? How do I Have to answer? Мы с другом сходили с собакой или Мы с другом ходили с собакой
8
votes
1answer
354 views

Why 2nd person verb form is used for 3rd person here?

I wonder how this usage of 2nd person verbs for 3rd person is called? Are these words still remain verbs or become inflective interjections? А он возьми да и прыгни. Отвязав мешок, уронил его на ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

"достичь" vs. "достигнуть"

Словарь указывает оба варианта как допустимые. Но хотя достичь и считается основным, в его спряжении все равно присутствуют формы с суффиксом -ну \ -н: достигну, достигнешь, и т.п. Как получилось, ...
8
votes
1answer
481 views

"хотеть" versus impersonal "хотеться"

What is the difference in meaning between the following pairs? 1a) Я хочу овчарку. 1b) Мне хочется овчарку. 2a) Он так хотел новую машину! 2b) Ему так хотелось новую машину! 3a) Я захотел поесть. ...
7
votes
3answers
385 views

Imperative with imperfective verbs

Is it rude to use imperative with imperfective verbs? Like, suppose you are a customs officer asking someone to open their case, you could probably (I'm just guessing at this point) say either: ...
7
votes
3answers
291 views

Why "ветром унесло мою кепку" rather than "ветер унёс мою кепку"

The English Wiktionary example for the sentence 'унести' says Ве́тром унесло́ мою́ ке́пку.‎ It is translated into "The wind carried my cap away.". Why does it begin with the instrumental case? I'...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between "умереть" and "умирать"?

What's the difference between умереть and умирать? I find it very confusing as both mean 'die', just that умирать is a verb.
7
votes
5answers
454 views

Why are "охотиться" and "рыться" with "ся"?

My understanding of the concept of возвратный глагол is simple: учить себя (to teach oneself) → учиться (to learn) готовить себя (to prepare oneself) → готовиться (to get prepared) ложить себя (to ...
7
votes
4answers
385 views

What is the difference between посмеяться and засмеяться?

Question: Can someone explain what the difference between посмеяться and засмеяться is? Both have смеяться (to laugh) as their imperfective form, so I am really confused about what the difference ...
7
votes
3answers
752 views

Why are возить/везти and носить/нести related as they are in prefixed verbs?

возить/везти/носить/нести are all imperfective verbs meaning "to carry", возить/носить are abstract, везти/нести are concrete, возить/везти are by vehicle, and носить/нести are by foot. In this ...
7
votes
2answers
927 views

Несовершенный вид в значении совершенного

Мы то и дело используем в прошедшем времени несовершенный вид там, где он по базовому смыслу вполне заменим на совершенный, однако контекст требует подчеркнуть, что было выполнено некое предписанное ...
6
votes
3answers
207 views

What does "сошелся" (or "сошёлся"?) mean?

I'm reading Tolstoy's Исповедь, and in the second chapter it says: Двадцати шести лет я приехал после войны в Петербург и сошелся с писателями. Did he live together with other writers? What is ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How to say "slam a door open/shut" in Russian?

I would like to translate this sentence to Russian: The doors of the [beduin] tents slammed open and shut in the wind. I found the verbs хло́пнуть and захло́пнуть for shutting or slamming a door. ...

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