Questions tagged [глаголы]

Questions about verbs, both finite and non-finite forms such as infinitives, gerunds, participles. The tag covers formation, derivation, functions, usage and meaning of verbs.

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3
votes
1answer
173 views

меняться и изменяться

What is the difference in usage between меняться and изменяться to convey the idea of "change" or "vary"? For example, if someone is talking about a vector field along a curve (that's the context in ...
10
votes
9answers
2k views

Is there any difference between торопиться и спешить?

Can спешить replace торопиться in this sentence, for example: “на вашем месте я не торопился бы критиковать все направо и налево…”
8
votes
2answers
169 views

Совершенный вид?

If someone asks me Почему ты не сделал домашние задание? How do I Have to answer? Мы с другом сходили с собакой или Мы с другом ходили с собакой
4
votes
2answers
204 views

How to reflexively use the verb вынимать?

I found this definition located on AbbyyLingvo, and was curious to how to use it in a reflexive manner. For example, if I wanted to say, "I am withdrawing myself from the situation" would I simple say,...
9
votes
2answers
637 views

Difference between 'падать' and 'упасть'

I am a new student of the russian language. I came across 'падать/упасть' to fall. Could someone explain this to me because they look like entirely different words to my untrained eyes. Even just a ...
6
votes
4answers
655 views

What's the difference between "проходит" and "переходит"

I know that проходит is for saying like when you pass by a place, like: я прошла мимо парка, and переходит is for saying when moving one place to the other, like: я перешла в другую аудиторию. But ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Talking about perfective and imperfective verbs

Здравствуйте! I speak spanish, and I'm learning russian. We're studying perfective and imperfective verbs, like читать - прочитать. I get really confuse with some глаголы, like купить & покупать, ...
4
votes
3answers
389 views

The difference in usage amongst these verbs and adverbs?

What is the difference of usage when these verbs, I frequently see them and cannot determine their specific usage respectively? Использовать Использоваться Пользоваться / воспользоваться / ...
6
votes
1answer
715 views

Imperfective and Perfective Aspects for Non-Personal Moods

The relevance of aspect for the correct usage of verbs seems to be explained only for the personal moods of verbs (e.g. indicative), but what is the meaning of aspect for the impersonal moods, such as ...
6
votes
2answers
647 views

"Вы достигли Вашей цели" или "... Вашу цель"?

Мой навигатор (если это важно -- Navigon) в русской озвучке при завершении маршрута говорит фразу "Вы достигли Вашей цели". С одной стороны, конечно, это логично -- достичь ЧЕГО? Но фраза "он достиг ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Добавление приставок к глаголам перемещения

Рассмотрим в качестве примера пару глаголов «везти — возить». Я встречал упоминания, что эти формы называются «Imperfective definite» и «Imperfective indefinite» соответственно (не знаю, насколько это ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Prefixes "вос-", "воз-", "вс-" and "вз-"

There are pairs of verbs with similar meaning and similar prefixes such as Восход солнца - Солнце взошло. - Побеги всходят. Он воззвал к милосердию. - Эти люди взывают к разуму, а не к чувствам. ...
2
votes
2answers
761 views

Значение слова "устряпаться"

Знает ли кто-нибудь слово устряпаться? Я недавно слышала его в контексте, из которого понятно, что оно значит что-то вроде испачкаться, но может быть я и ошибаюсь. И заодно интересно узнать, какое у ...
12
votes
4answers
841 views

Why are past tense verbs used as imperative at times ("пошел вон", "пошли пообедаем")?

Most of the examples I can think of are imperatives used in an angry tone ("Пошел вон!", "Упал, отжался!") and it seems the past tense is used just to underline that there's no alternative to the ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

When to use verbs that end with -ась, -ся, -ось and have an argument in dative?

Can someone explain to me in the simplest way when to use -ась, -ся, -ось? Basically I'm confused in such context as мне (some verb)-ending object Should this -ending agree with my gender or gender ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Рассмешить to смеяться is like (what?) to улыбаться?

The Russian word for to make someone laugh is рассмешить. Is there a valid (related) word for to make someone smile? I sometimes see word улыбнуть, however I believe it's a colloquial expression. ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

"иди работай" vs. "иди работать" vs. "иди и работай"

I wonder what do constructions like "иди работай" mean? What is the kind of situation that one has in mind when one uses two verbs in imperative next to each other? More precisely, is there any ...
8
votes
1answer
354 views

Why 2nd person verb form is used for 3rd person here?

I wonder how this usage of 2nd person verbs for 3rd person is called? Are these words still remain verbs or become inflective interjections? А он возьми да и прыгни. Отвязав мешок, уронил его на ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

Why we say "расторг" but "моргнул"

There are verbs with "-гнуть" ending, for example, ввергнуть, расторгнуть, моргнуть. First two examples have following form in past time: вверг, расторг, but for "моргнуть" we have моргнул. Can one ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

How is this word "совершившимся" in the following sentence derived?

How is the word "совершившимся" derived? The sentence is: Меня поставили перед совершившимся фактом I take it the root verb is совершить.
8
votes
2answers
8k views

"достичь" vs. "достигнуть"

Словарь указывает оба варианта как допустимые. Но хотя достичь и считается основным, в его спряжении все равно присутствуют формы с суффиксом -ну \ -н: достигну, достигнешь, и т.п. Как получилось, ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

"Генерится" or "генерируется"?

Which form is more appropriate in Russian: Эта страница генерируется автоматически. Пожалуйста, не редактируйте её. or Эта страница генерится автоматически. Пожалуйста, не редактируйте её. ...
10
votes
3answers
613 views

Origin of the verb form "(я) ем"

Can please someone explain the origin of "-м" in "(я) ем". Why do other verbs have "-у (-ю)" ending in the 1st person singular of present ("я работаю, я учу"), but this verb has "-м"?
10
votes
6answers
2k views

The usage of иметь

Possession is generally expressed in Russian using у + genitive case. However, in technical contexts the verb иметь is used, e.g., это уравнение имеет решение or этот многочлен имеет один корень. I ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

The meaning of "влекомый"

Is it possible to use "влекомый" as a passive participle of the verb "влечь" in meaning "to cause"? I can only think of examples where it is used in meaning "to carry" or "to attract": карета, ...
10
votes
3answers
638 views

Difference between "открыл" and "открывал"

I am not sure I understand the difference between these two verb forms. For example, what is the difference in meaning between: Кто-то открыл дверь. and Кто-то открывал дверь. As far as I ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

What can I use to help me conjugate verbs? [closed]

I used to use http://cooljugator.com/ to quickly look up proper ways to conjugate Russian verbs. The site's been having some problems lately and wasn't accessible. What other resources can I use ...
6
votes
5answers
251 views

Verb roots: -дыхать/дохнуть

вдыхать / вдохнуть: inhale, breathe in (one direction, inwards). вздыхать / вздохнуть: one entire breath (in and out), to sigh, pine for smb (metaphorical use). выдыхать / выдохнуть: exhale, breathe ...
10
votes
5answers
252 views

Verb roots: -секать/сечь

I've been trying to master your verbs, especially verbs of motion and with prefixes (приставки). it's interesting to me how verbs with the same root but different приставки can have dramatically ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between "умереть" and "умирать"?

What's the difference between умереть and умирать? I find it very confusing as both mean 'die', just that умирать is a verb.
6
votes
2answers
966 views

What's the difference between читать and прочесть?

Both seem to mean "to read", so what's the diff?
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Swearing: "пошёл на ..." vs. "иди на ..."

Has anyone ever thought why in swearing people use not only the imperative "иди", but also (and even more frequently) the form "пошёл"?
13
votes
8answers
2k views

Is there a difference between "кидать" and "бросать"?

In many cases, you can find that words which initially appear to be absolute synonyms actually have slight differences in meaning, so that one can be used in a specific setting while the other cannot. ...
8
votes
2answers
908 views

What's the difference between плыть and плавать, пройтись and поxодить, полетел and залетал, etc.?

What's the semantic difference between verbs in column A and their counterparts in column B? Is there any term (in Russian) describing the verbs in A and the verbs in B? А B пл'ыть ...
5
votes
1answer
792 views

How is the "verb government" called in Russian?

As a Russian student, I've learnt that Russian verbs, like in other languages, "govern" certain cases. For example: Читать —> что? (Accusative or Винительный падеж). After a little search, I found ...
23
votes
2answers
918 views

What's the first person singular future of победить

What is the first person singular of победить in future tense? The other person-numbers have obvious forms such as: ты победишь, мы победим, они победят, вы победите, он победит, я ??? The obvious &...

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