Questions tagged [грамматика]

How the grammar works: how different forms of the same word can be used, what they mean, how they are composed into phrases or sentences. Use this tag with or without a more precise one (check out "morphology", "syntax", "word-order", and tags for different parts of speech ("nouns") and grammatical categories ("cases")).

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2
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2answers
85 views

The usage of “по” in distributive expression

In a text, used for educational purposes, were the following sentence: Каждый ученик получил по красному карандашу. Based on the context, I could translate this into "Each student received a red ...
0
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2answers
78 views

Using “love” to address someone

For example: Girlfriend: Hello, love! Boyfriend: Hello! In English it doesn't change if you're talking to a guy or a girl, but I've noticed some words might change in Russian if you're talking to ...
1
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0answers
40 views

What are the differences between many ways to say [closed]

The imperfective infinitive of words are: говорить рассказывать разговорить разговаривать How are they each used?
0
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0answers
32 views

Ways to express possession [duplicate]

Just heard the following on a video from a channel for people that want to learn Russian (https://youtu.be/kV9niyOgHPA?t=170): У меня у папы есть машина. This seems to replace У моего папы есть ...
4
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3answers
162 views

Why is it 'Как зовут сына Илоны?' and not 'Как зовут сын Илоны?'?

I'm fairly new at studying russian but I came across this example in my workbook: 'Как зовут сына Илоны?' and right next to it 'Как зовут дочь Илоны?' I know that 'Илоны' is genitive and the word ...
1
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3answers
222 views

What is the difference in English between “мне нельзя” and “я не могу”?

What is the difference between "мне нельзя" and "я не могу"? Both they means "I cannot"? For example: "мне нельзя курить" and "я не могу курить" both meaning "I cannot smoke"? In some phrases I saw ...
3
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2answers
208 views

Difference between быть and бывать

What is the semantic difference between быть and бывать?
2
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2answers
142 views

In “Сокровища кровавого Рокама”: what is the case and number of “сокровища”?

Tintin's adventure "Le Trésor de Rackham le Rouge" has been translated into Russian as "Сокровища кровавого Рокама". I don't understand the syntax of "Сокровища" here: "treasure" is translated in ...
2
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2answers
169 views

“Изменить” and “измениться”

I didn't get how to conjugate the verb change for make that phrases. What change? - Can I say "что изменить"? What is changing? - Can I say "что меняется"? Nothing changes - Can I say "ничего не ...
3
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2answers
139 views

Why “она шепнула ему на ухо”, not “она шепнула на его ухо”?

Она́ что-то шепну́ла ему́ на у́хо. Она́ is nominative, all good. ему́ = dative , на = prepositional or accusative [my guess] у́хо = nominative or accusative [my guess] It seems to me that его ...
5
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1answer
287 views

Case Disagreement: Noun and its Adjective

Я предпочита́ю зелёный чай чёрному. In this sentence зелёный [nominative] should be зелёного [accusative] because чай is the direct object and therefore in accusative. I came across this sentence ...
0
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2answers
119 views

Dative or instrumental case hegemony?

I am not sure how to interpret the pronoun in this one: Ей вы́слали приглаше́ние, но она́ не пришла́. Obviously the second "she" is in nominative, but what about the first one? Looking at the ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Direct object confusion: “ему” or “силу”?

Thank you for any help in advance. "Трениро́вки дали ему́ силу и уве́ренность." In the above, I understand that емý is in the dative and силу и уве́ренность are in the accusative. I ask why силу и ...
0
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1answer
116 views

How do you determine when an adjective is a soft adjective when the ending is not ний

From the limited available resources online, i was able to determine at first that soft adjectives is just with the stem ending ний as explained on these websites (http://masterrussian.com/aa040801a....
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0answers
60 views

“Много рыбы плавает” - why not “плавают”? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence В этой реке много рыбы плавает I understand that after много you need the genitive plural of a noun, and рыбы is the genitive plural of рыба so why isn't it "...рыбы ...
5
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6answers
197 views

Is “же” necessary in “такая же, как”?

(a) Эта машина такая же, как та машина. (b) Эта машина такая, как та машина. (c) Эта машина не такая же, как та машина. (d) Эта машина не такая, как та машина. Are all of these ...
2
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2answers
133 views

Sentence with infinitive form verb

I'm reading an article which starts with the sentence: Началом русского авангарда принято считать 1907 год... I understand that началом русского авангарда is the object of считать, so why is считать ...
3
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2answers
171 views

English “for + verb”? eg 'I need to buy supplies for camping.' There are “for + noun”

I could not find a similar question, though I find it hard to search for "for noun stackexchange Russian"... There are prepositions and/or cases that are used together to say the English equivalent ...
6
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2answers
199 views

В доме Пушкиных? Пушкинских? Пушкинов?

I'm a beginner in Russian, and am trying to read a short biography about Pushkin. I came across this sentence: В доме Пушкиных была большая библиотека. I see that Пушкиных is used as instrumental ...
0
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1answer
805 views

Would someone mind just getting me started with my Russian homework?

I have just started learning Russian (not getting a qualification, just for self interest). I have been set Задание 32 in the Поехали! Textbook 1. But my teacher is busy this week, and so cannot get ...
3
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2answers
195 views

The reason for using comma in between потому and что

I am reading a lot of examples like this: Не потому, что я из россии, и не потому, что я организовываю I want to know the reason for having a comma between the words because i have asked a few ...
3
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2answers
312 views

Is there a universally accepted set of Russian grammar rules?

Let's suppose that I am having an argument with someone about how to properly write a Russian word (e.g., прожжёный мошенник vs. прожжённый мошенник) or whether a comma should be put in a certain ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Does genitive plural take neuter verbs with years?

мне/тебе/ему etc. [x]" constructions tend to use было in the past tense regardless of whether or not there is an agent of the verb someone told me this and i still quite understand it i was given ...
2
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2answers
154 views

When do you change a word into a different case?

I was given this sentence Сегодня мы с Джулией собираемся в поездку в Россию по программе обмена студентами. по программе — dative, обмена — genitive, студентами — instrumental why are these all ...
1
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1answer
258 views

три versus трое

What is the logic behind referring to "three kids" as either три ребенка or, alternatively, трое детей? Why do you use different words for "three"? EDIT: Since this seems to be the "human ...
2
votes
3answers
356 views

Confusion between “брать”, “принимать”, “получать”

I believe брать is used when something physical is taken and принимать is used when something is ingested (such as medicine) and получать is used when something is accepted. Is this too simple? Are ...
2
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3answers
189 views

“в прошлом году” versus “в прошлый раз”

In Russian one says "в прошлом году", which is in the prepositional, while one says "в прошлый раз", which seems to be in the accusative. Why the difference?
-1
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1answer
106 views

В будущем мы хотели бы сделать сотрудничество с вами. Правильно или нет? [closed]

В будущем мы хотели бы сделать сотрудничество с вами. Правильно?
1
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2answers
224 views

Difference between “приду” and “прийду”

What is the difference between приду and прийду? Both mean: I will come?(on foot) Also я приеду and я прийеду mean: I will come?(by vehicle) Again what is the difference of them?
2
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2answers
153 views

Difference between “читай” and “прочитай”

I just confused with difference of читай and прочитай! For example: Читай журнал Прочитай журнал Both of them mean: Read magazine? But I can't understand difference! I know that Прочитай is a ...
0
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3answers
125 views

Is the word “вечер” pronounced like “ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr” even though the IPA for it is “ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr”?

Is the word "вечер" pronounced like "ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr" or "ˈvʲet͡ɕər" even though the IPA for it is "ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr"?
0
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1answer
78 views

Вы хотели бы познакомиться с новыми людьми? Правильно или нет?

Вы хотели бы познакомиться с новыми людьми?
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Для обоих детей или обоим детям?

Что правильно: Я купил/а новые игрушки для обоих детей. или Я купил/а новые игрушки обоим детям.
2
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3answers
110 views

Заходить или зайти?

Что лучше: Ты можешь ли заходить ко мне или зайти?
2
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6answers
672 views

What are some examples of special things about Russian?

@Neith recently said the following in his comment on my question about extinct phonemes: Ivan Turgenev once called Russian language “great, mighty, truthful and free” («великий, могучий, правдивый ...
0
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1answer
184 views

How can I elegantly translate gerundives to Russian?

The Russian language has the past passive participle ("нарезанный") and the present passive participle ("нарезаемый"), but does not have the future passive participle, whilst the Latin language does. ...
0
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2answers
88 views

What case do verbs, which take instrumental when positive, take when negative?

I understand that владеть takes the instrumental case e.g. Я владею русским языком. Does it take the genitive when negated e.g. Я не владею русского языка? Is this also true of verbs which take the ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

Which cases are used with быть

I believe that the phrases in Russian for 'I was a student' is Я был студентом (instrumental case) and 'I was not a student' is Я не было студента (genitive case) and 'I am a student' is Я студент (...
3
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3answers
192 views

How should I translate Future Perfect constructions to Russian?

Let's suppose I am grilling fish for a big party. I have grilled 20 fish and will grill 30 more. The grilled fish are immediately taken away to be given to the guests. A friend of mine comes in and ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Confusion with subject of “остаться”

A Russian song has the two lines Нашей любви осталась минутка and Нашей любви зачем не осталось? I think the subject of the first line is минутка (feminine). What is the subject of the second line? ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Which verb form to use with “с”

This was from my textbook and its confusing me: Tanya went to the country with a friend - Таня ездила в деревню с другом Why is it ездила and not ездили? Aren't Tanya AND a friend going, ...
1
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0answers
81 views

Difference between “это” and “оно” [closed]

I am confused when to use это and when to use он. For example, in the sentence Я люблю еду. Эта дефект. or Я люблю еду. Она дефект. or Я люблю еду. Это дефект. Я люблю еду. Она(эта) вкусная. Does это ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

“Наслаждался всей информацией” - is it correct?

is the word 'information' countable or uncountable in the Russian language? as a clarifying example, is it grammatically correct to say 'я наслаждался всей информацией'?
2
votes
3answers
172 views

tensed, conjugated verb + imperfective verb — When can they be adjacent?

This question had an answer which touched on what I'm asking, but not enough, and mostly in the imperative sense - "иди работай" vs. "иди работать" vs. "иди и работай". ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

в основном why a в before the word?

I tried to translate "mostly". I just dont get the в before the word. Is it something you add to indicate you're talking about a quantity that isn't compared to nothing else?
2
votes
3answers
172 views

Speaking formally to a woman

(I searched this site, and others, but couldn't find this question asked elsewhere. Apologies if it's been answered here already.) If my Russian boss is a woman, and I'm asking questions using the ...
2
votes
0answers
205 views

The impossibly difficult modal “должен” [closed]

Должен is one of the most fundamental Russian modals and is impossibly difficult for me, even more than the modal мочь was before I asked here a question about the latter. I received so thoughtful, ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Can past participle express simultaneity?

Recently, I somewhat remade a sentence from Ночной Дозор, to practice my participles: Де́мон откры́л пасть оска́ливая клыки́. My friend, however, said that I should have used the past participle ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Construction dative noun/pronoun then adverb then infinitive

I have read a number of constructions such as моей жене скучно слушать музыку and вам трудно понимать русскую прессу? They all seem to have the form dative adverb infinitive. Are there only certain ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

Is the verb always plural *before* a plural subject?

This question is different in the word order from: singular or a plural verb after "и..., и ..."? - When the verb is after the subject, plural sounds logical. However, it is common in ...