Questions tagged [грамматика]

How the grammar works: how different forms of the same word can be used, what they mean, how they are composed into phrases or sentences. Use this tag with or without a more precise one (check out "morphology", "syntax", "word-order", and tags for different parts of speech ("nouns") and grammatical categories ("cases")).

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7
votes
3answers
1k views

Счётная форма существительного

Сейчас часто можно встретить рекомендации использовать так назыаемую счетную форму (давайте для примера рассматривать словосочетание «20 байт(-ов)»). На этом всячески настаивает Справка Грамоты.ру, а ...
6
votes
2answers
188 views

singular or a plural verb after "и..., и ..."?

Do I need to place a singular or a plural verb after "и..., и ..."? For example: И Россия, и Франция вxод(и/я)т во Всемирную Торговую Организацию.
8
votes
1answer
327 views

Numbers ending in 1

Quoting this article on Russian plurals: If the number is 1, or the number ends in the word “один” (example: 1, 21, 61) (but not 11), then you should use the case (singular) that is suitable for ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Games for russian vocabulary

Looking for online games to improve my vocabulary and grammar, do you know of any?
6
votes
1answer
715 views

Imperfective and Perfective Aspects for Non-Personal Moods

The relevance of aspect for the correct usage of verbs seems to be explained only for the personal moods of verbs (e.g. indicative), but what is the meaning of aspect for the impersonal moods, such as ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

выходить vs. уходить

I once asked a native speaker what the difference is between выходить and уходить, and I was told that выходить means to exit in a general direction, while уходить means to exit in a specific ...
10
votes
2answers
250 views

Только три процента всей воды на Земле явля(Е/Ю)тся пресной

Только три процента всей воды на Земле явля(Е/Ю)тся пресной What letter should I choose there? Е or Ю?
2
votes
2answers
206 views

Colloquial imperative with the particle -ка

This form seems to be very common in modern conversational Russian, e.g. Пойдём-ка, покурим-ка. Давайте-ка не будем пороть горячку. Подожди(те)-ка! This form also has its more colloquial (and ...
3
votes
4answers
411 views

Уважаемые пользователи услуг/услугАМИ почтовой связи?

Which way is correct here? ... пользователь услуг почтовой связи or ... пользователь услугами почтовой связи
12
votes
2answers
308 views

Не справился с управлением транспортным средством/транспортного средства?

What way is correct here? ... водитель не справился с управлением транспортным средством or ... водитель не справился с управлением транспортного средства
8
votes
1answer
514 views

How to arrange declension tables in Russian

It seems that many English (online) sources list cases in the following order: Nominative - Accusative - Genitive - Dative - Instrumental - Prepositional I guess that this ordering is inspired by ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

“Она врач” or “она врачь”?

So my question is whether I should use a soft sign at the end of врач when I am referring to a woman doctor? It seems like in this case врач becomes feminine and the same rule as for ночь has to be ...
25
votes
8answers
3k views

How are short and long form adjectives used differently?

I'm confused by long form adjectives (which seem to be more common) and short form adjectives. For example, from свобода (freedom) there is the long form adjective свободный and the short form ...
11
votes
2answers
330 views

Are there analogous words for words оба, обе for three and more?

I can take two books in the bookshop and say обе to indicate I want to buy both. Are there any analogous words for three and more items, to indicate that I have all of them in mind?
11
votes
1answer
251 views

How to define a general pattern to choose between n-participles and t-participles?

In Russian, when we speak with past participle, there are either н-patterns (сделано/положено/доказано/разъяснено) or т-patterns (принято/сшито/открыто). No verb, to the best of my knowledge, can ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

Difference between "нет" and "не"

What is the difference between «нет» and «не»? They both seem to mean "no". When should each one be used? Are they interchangeable?
31
votes
6answers
2k views

Genitive plural of "башка"?

What is the genitive plural and nominative plural of башка? My search returned a lot of contradicting information. Is there any authoritative source with a single concrete answer?
4
votes
2answers
616 views

"она мног(иx/о) кого не одобряет"

Which one is correct? Церковь многиx кого не одобряет or Церковь много кого не одобряет
6
votes
2answers
256 views

Inheriting cases / declension on appositions

This question arises from a tangential discussion in this one: Preposition to quote: из or от (or none of them). Concerning the punctuation (comma, dash, brackets...), when does a subordinate clause ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Does "case" equal "declension"? 6 declensions for 16 cases?

I am somehow bemused by the sixteen cases of the Russian. On the other hand, I thought that there were only six kinds of declension. Perhaps these two facts are not contradictory, but the problem is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

"иди работай" vs. "иди работать" vs. "иди и работай"

I wonder what do constructions like "иди работай" mean? What is the kind of situation that one has in mind when one uses two verbs in imperative next to each other? More precisely, is there any ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Сослагательный инфинитив при союзе "чтобы" и разносубъектные конструкции

Попалось на глаза вот такое предложение: Должно пройти достаточно много времени, чтобы стать мастером. Я воспринял его как грамматически неправильное. Погуглив, нашел такое описание ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference between subjunctive and conditional with examples

Please explain the difference between subjunctive and conditional. E.g., in other languages it is quite easy Conditional: I will not come with you unless you behave yourself. If you are ...
8
votes
1answer
354 views

Why 2nd person verb form is used for 3rd person here?

I wonder how this usage of 2nd person verbs for 3rd person is called? Are these words still remain verbs or become inflective interjections? А он возьми да и прыгни. Отвязав мешок, уронил его на ...
9
votes
1answer
492 views

Are there inflectives in Russian?

Recently I learned that there is a special form of verbs in German, called "inflective", which emerged in German language just recently (less than 60 years ago), and that they sometimes grupped with ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

"Генерится" or "генерируется"?

Which form is more appropriate in Russian: Эта страница генерируется автоматически. Пожалуйста, не редактируйте её. or Эта страница генерится автоматически. Пожалуйста, не редактируйте её. ...
11
votes
2answers
321 views

Why "обо всём" but "перед всем"?

Why is it обо мне обо всём but передо мной перед всем
10
votes
1answer
1k views

"свеч" and "свечей" - what is the correct version

I have been thinking about for a while, but didn't come to any conclusion. What is the correct version for "свечи" (plural for "свеча") in the genitive? "Как расстанешься, ...
7
votes
1answer
188 views

What is the rule for the ending to people in the phrase: много людей

My question is about много людей. Why is there a -ей at the end? I assume it should be the plural of the masculine человек in genetive case.
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between "умереть" and "умирать"?

What's the difference between умереть and умирать? I find it very confusing as both mean 'die', just that умирать is a verb.
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Are composite note names(such as до-диез) declinable?

The names of simple notes до, ре, ми, фа, соль, ля, си are not declinable (несклоняемые). The names of the modifiers диез (sharp), бемоль, (flat), бекар (natural), etc. are declinable знак диезa, ...
7
votes
1answer
278 views

"занял целые 5 лет" or "занял целыx 5 лет"?

What's the right way of saying "Этот процесс занял целые пять лет" or "Этот процесс занял целыx пять лет". I guess it's accusative inanimate, so it should be целые, am I correct?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

When to use the genitive or the accusative in negative sentences

In my Russian course we have learnt that in negative sentences the object is often in the genitive. On the other hand there are situations in which it is correct to use an accusative, and there is ...
6
votes
2answers
632 views

What are the common inflection mistakes that Russian kids make? [closed]

What are the common inflection mistakes that Russian kids make as they progress in mastering their first language?
16
votes
3answers
963 views

How do I know when to use -тся or -ться in a verb

The title pretty much says it all. It's a very common mistake which (unfortunately) even many native speakers make. Is there a rule to unambiguously decide should I end this verb with -тся or -ться?
14
votes
2answers
744 views

Order of declensions (склонения)

I'm learning Russian, and I see it mentioned in study material that Russian nouns have three declensions (склонения). In English-language learning material, the order of the declensions is like so: ...
13
votes
3answers
229 views

How do I specify a non-whole number of nouns which have no singular form?

For most nouns which have no singular form, fractions are meaningless (e.g. штаны, ножницы, весы), but there are a few such nouns where this is not the case. For example, how do I say "it went on for ...

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