Questions tagged [дореформенная-орфография]

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9 votes
1 answer
450 views

What's the reason for the change from "-аго" to "-oго"?

Таяніе снѣга въ сѣверной части Ладожскаго бассейна... This sentence is taken from a book published in 1908. I understand that the spelling reform of 1917 simplified things by reducing the number of ...
2 votes
2 answers
192 views

From Фермат to Ферма

In a Russian math book published in 1888, I see that Fermat, whose name today is written as Ферма, appears in the book as Фермат. He is in the book largely because of Fermat's little theorem, now ...
2 votes
1 answer
132 views

What is the proper modern spelling of the adjective endings -ыя, -ія?

These adjective endings are from a pre-revolutionary text: сознанія, хромыя, слѣпыя, безрукія. How would they be spelled today? (I know that ѣ is now е and і is now и.)
19 votes
1 answer
5k views

What kind of Russian orthography is this?

This is a screenshot from Tchaikovsky's Harmony textbook: (from page 5 of an 1897 edition — link to PDF) And here is a transcription: Ученіе объ интерваллахъ. Хотя предполагается, что приступающій ...
8 votes
2 answers
307 views

What are the differences between "и" and "і" in pre-reform orthography?

In very old texts, sometimes the letter і is used, but it has been replaced by и in modern spelling. I, like many others, learned modern orthography, so I don't understand why sometimes і is used, and ...
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Exact rules governing consonant changes as seen in the first person singular in verb conjugations

Apparently, in verbs ending in -ить (but maybe others are also concerned), the last letter of the stem for the first person singular changes according to the following pattern: д becomes ж as in ...
21 votes
2 answers
996 views

What does "-с" suffix mean?

When reading Dostoyevski's books I often find characters that use a manner of speech that adds "-с" and the end of the words. What does it mean? Is it used to convey some emotion or is it ...
12 votes
3 answers
1k views

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
5 votes
2 answers
600 views

Names of pre-1918 letters

What were the names of the Russian letters и and i in the pre-1918 Russian alphabet?
12 votes
3 answers
3k views

What are these two words with obsolete letters?

I underlined two words in green. They have obsolete letters that I cannot track down. What are the translations? Context: This is a map legend. The full map is here.
7 votes
3 answers
357 views

Впервые or впервыя (in old orthography)?

In pre-1918 Russian orhography, female and neuter adjectives in pl. nom. had endings -iя, -ыя: новыя вещи, голубыя озёра, but новые наряды, голубые киты. Pluralia tantum require some etymologic ...