Questions tagged [дореформенная-орфография]

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From Фермат to Ферма

In a Russian math book published in 1888, I see that Fermat, whose name today is written as Ферма, appears in the book as Фермат. He is in the book largely because of Fermat's little theorem, now ...
KCd's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer

What is the proper modern spelling of the adjective endings -ыя, -ія?

These adjective endings are from a pre-revolutionary text: сознанія, хромыя, слѣпыя, безрукія. How would they be spelled today? (I know that ѣ is now е and і is now и.)
Ephraim's user avatar
  • 49
2 votes
1 answer

Exact rules governing consonant changes as seen in the first person singular in verb conjugations

Apparently, in verbs ending in -ить (but maybe others are also concerned), the last letter of the stem for the first person singular changes according to the following pattern: д becomes ж as in ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
9 votes
1 answer

What's the reason for the change from "-аго" to "-oго"?

Таяніе снѣга въ сѣверной части Ладожскаго бассейна... This sentence is taken from a book published in 1908. I understand that the spelling reform of 1917 simplified things by reducing the number of ...
grandtout's user avatar
  • 517
8 votes
2 answers

What are the differences between "и" and "і" in pre-reform orthography?

In very old texts, sometimes the letter і is used, but it has been replaced by и in modern spelling. I, like many others, learned modern orthography, so I don't understand why sometimes і is used, and ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers

Names of pre-1918 letters

What were the names of the Russian letters и and i in the pre-1918 Russian alphabet?
oz1cz's user avatar
  • 926
12 votes
3 answers

What are these two words with obsolete letters?

I underlined two words in green. They have obsolete letters that I cannot track down. What are the translations? Context: This is a map legend. The full map is here.
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 551
19 votes
1 answer

What kind of Russian orthography is this?

This is a screenshot from Tchaikovsky's Harmony textbook: (from page 5 of an 1897 edition — link to PDF) And here is a transcription: Ученіе объ интерваллахъ. Хотя предполагается, что приступающій ...
7 votes
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Впервые or впервыя (in old orthography)?

In pre-1918 Russian orhography, female and neuter adjectives in pl. nom. had endings -iя, -ыя: новыя вещи, голубыя озёра, but новые наряды, голубые киты. Pluralia tantum require some etymologic ...
Quassnoi's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
Anixx's user avatar
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21 votes
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What does "-с" suffix mean?

When reading Dostoyevski's books I often find characters that use a manner of speech that adds "-с" and the end of the words. What does it mean? Is it used to convey some emotion or is it ...
zefciu's user avatar
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