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Questions tagged [история-языка]

Questions on the history of the Russian language, its origin and changes it underwent through the centuries.

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7 votes
2 answers
455 views

The origin of complex plural forms

What caused complex plural forms in Russian? Were they borrowed from another language, inherited from Old Russian, or is there another reason why they appeared? By "complex plural forms" I mean the ...
nanofarad's user avatar
  • 355
24 votes
5 answers
4k views

How come the Russian cognate for the Czech word "čerstvý" (fresh) means entirely the opposite thing (stale)?

In Russian, черствый хлеб (chorstvy khleb) is stale bread. And to my great surprise, I recently learned that in Czech, čerstvý chléb is precisely the opposite thing: fresh bread. My question is: ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
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19 votes
1 answer
5k views

What kind of Russian orthography is this?

This is a screenshot from Tchaikovsky's Harmony textbook: (from page 5 of an 1897 edition — link to PDF) And here is a transcription: Ученіе объ интерваллахъ. Хотя предполагается, что приступающій ...
14 votes
5 answers
2k views

What does "кося" in phrase "накося выкуси" exactly mean

These days I'm reading a book "История моего современника" by V. G. Korolenko (don't feel guilty for reading it online, you are not breaching any copyright laws in this case, since the author is ...
shabunc's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
646 views

Почему с конца 30-х перестали употреблять словосочетание "в Украине"?

В русском языке сочетание "в Украине" используется издавна. Господин гетман, <...> того ради вам надлежит итти по Киева, в Украйну свою и смотреть того, о чем уже вы известны. (К Мазепе) ...
user31264's user avatar
  • 8,579
9 votes
2 answers
10k views

"достичь" vs. "достигнуть"

Словарь указывает оба варианта как допустимые. Но хотя достичь и считается основным, в его спряжении все равно присутствуют формы с суффиксом -ну \ -н: достигну, достигнешь, и т.п. Как получилось, ...
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
8 votes
1 answer
389 views

What are the advanced Russian words якобы and дабы?

Very recently in a russian newspaper I came across the words якобы and дабы. I surfed the internet for these words and found out that generally якобы is alike псевдо or как будто бы, and дабы is так ...
L_Pav's user avatar
  • 1,049
8 votes
6 answers
945 views

The exact origin of шёл

I'm aware of шёл's derivation from Proto-Slavic *xьdlъ, related to ходить, but that form still seems irregular — given that вёл, which has the exact same relation to водить, had e rather than ь in the ...
Nikolay Ershov's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
348 views

What are all the times where "е" changes to "ё"?

I don't know if this was asked before but I never saw it in search, so I'll just ask it. Can someone list all the situations where "е" would be changed to "ё" ? Like maybe after 2 vowels or if the ...
cdskl's user avatar
  • 61
4 votes
2 answers
205 views

Have technology changes had any effect on the usage of идти vs. ехать (and similar verb pairs)?

I've only been studying Russian for about a year (and slowly at that), so I'm probably misunderstanding a lot. From what I understand, though, идти and ехать are both unidirectional verbs of motion ...
R.B.'s user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
227 views

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory in Pushkin's times?

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory or overwhelming in Pushkin's times?
Anixx's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
490 views

Why рукопожатный?/ Почему говорится "рукопожатный"?

The word itself is like a standard p.pt., except that such words can be in Russian either т- or н-ending. How come that рукопожатен has both affixes? Само слово похоже на обычное причастие прошедшего ...
Manjusri's user avatar
  • 4,482
0 votes
0 answers
97 views

Origin of Валюта

I am curios about Валюта meaning currency. What is the origin of the word? Does it come from greek or latin or somewhere else?
mathreadler's user avatar