Questions tagged [лексикон]

Sets of words or words with specialized meanings that have to be learned.

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38
votes
2answers
6k views

How can "to teach" and "to learn" be translated to Russian?

I know that there are several Russian verbs can be used to translate the English verbs "to teach", "to study", and "to learn", e.g. учить, выучить, научить, учиться, изучать, ... However, I am a bit ...
23
votes
6answers
15k views

The history and meaning of "ни фига себе"

I understand how the expression is used pretty well, but wonder where did it come from? What exactly does фиг mean?
31
votes
11answers
8k views

What is the Russian translation of "excited about something"?

I find it very hard to translate "excited" to Russian. Dictionary says "взволнованный, возбуждённый" which doesn't fit in most cases. For example how would you translate the following sentences: ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

Russian words for magic. Etymology, usage and connotations

Something that I realised early on when learning Russian were the different words Russians would use where an English speaker would just say magic: The first word I came into contact with was ...
24
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the difference between -либо and -нибудь?

The pairs кто-нибудь and кто-либо, когда-нибудь and когда-либо etc. have slight differences in meaning, and each particle is used in specific settings, but I can't quite pinpoint what the difference ...
22
votes
9answers
3k views

Is there a word that starts with "ы"?

I remember from my school years that there is no such thing as a word that starts with 'ы'. Is this true? If so, is there something fundamental that prevents this from happening? If no, can anybody ...
4
votes
1answer
313 views

Suffixes for feminine professions: "-ша", "-ка", "-иха", "-ыня", "-ица"

Is there actually a rule for forming feminine names of professions? I can come up with several examples (and some of the examples are colloquial, but nevertheless widespread), but I cannot figure out ...
7
votes
2answers
246 views

В чем разница между словами "подвижник" и "поборник"?

Подвижник В словаре Ефремовой определяется как Самоотверженный труженик. а в словаре Ожегова: Человек, героически принявший на себя тяжёлый труд или лишения ради достижения высокой цели Пример ...
7
votes
1answer
251 views

Can I encounter "aлгорифм" nowadays in any context. And in past?

This very question is inspired by the question "Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф". One of the answer states that There is an interesting issue with the word алгоритм. ...