Questions tagged [местоимения]

Questions about pronouns and their derivatives

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"что" as a relative pronoun

In these verses by Marina Tsvetaeva: Та, что без видения спала — Вздрогнула и встала. I don't quite understand why we have "что" and not "кто". I thought that only "кто"...
Bruno's user avatar
  • 617
0 votes
1 answer
105 views

сё or сие as a pronoun

In modern Russian you could say: Это дерево – дуб. Это – дерево. In older times you might have used сей in its neuter form for the first sentence: Сие дерево – дуб. But what was used for the ...
ghostarbeiter's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
485 views

Ambiguity of personal pronouns

In the following verses by Boris Pasternak: Таким я вижу облик ваш и взгляд. Он мне внушен не тем столбом из соли, from the poem Анне Ахматовой, I don't understand why we have "Он мне внушен&...
Bruno's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
188 views

Is the Russian expression "мне до ней далеко" grammatical?

Is the Russian expression "мне до ней далеко" grammatical? And if so, what is this phenomenon called?
Anixx's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
194 views

"Нефть, которой избегают" или "которую"?

Сosider this sentence "Нефтеперерабатывающие заводы в этих странах раскупают дешевую российскую нефть, которой избегает большинство западных покупателей." Shouldn't the part "нефть, ...
user3156459's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
132 views

Should I use singular or plural after некоторый?

In the following sentence: Некоторые мужчины/мужчин плохие. I'm not sure whether the singular or the plural should be used. At least in my dictionary, for the entry сколько, it says that if the noun ...
Blaszard's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why "их" instead of "его" in Dostoevsky's Adolescent?

In this passage from Dostoevsky's Adolescent, Arkady is getting worked up about a mistake his sister is supposedly making in Russian. I was wondering what plural их for singular его is about in the ...
grandtout's user avatar
  • 517
1 vote
2 answers
263 views

Is the sentence about Dubrovsky and the bear grammatically correct?

Когда Дубровский убил медведя, Троекуров не обиделся, а только приказал снять с него шкуру. This is a quote from a student's work. Is this a grammatically correct Russian sentence? (Personally I ...
Alexander's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
85 views

How to determine the initial form of the words like "самого", "самой"?

У самого (+ masculine noun in genitive case)... У самой (+ feminine noun in genitive case)... I guess that the initial form of these pronouns may be either "сам"/"сама" or "...
Alexander's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
174 views

'all of the' vs 'all the' : using весь

I want to say, Almost all of the weeds are in bloom. which, in English, can also be stated (improperly?) as, Almost all the weeds are in bloom. So far is that correct? I think these two would ...
nate's user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
118 views

Personal pronouns in genitive case?

I noticed that the accusative case is: •Меня→Me •Тебя→You (informal, singular) •Его/Него→Him, it (M) •Её/Неё→Her, it (F) •Его/Него→It(N) •Нас→Us •Вас→You (formal, plural) •Их/Них→Them But I also ...
Illiana's user avatar
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8 votes
6 answers
847 views

Перевод they в единственном числе

В свете последних событий в сети StackExchange хотелось бы понять как переводить слово they, употребленное в единственном числе, и словосочетания с ним (they did и т.д.), встречающиеся в гендерно-...
sanyassh's user avatar
  • 183
2 votes
3 answers
249 views

How to properly use these pronouns? То, та

Sorry about the ambiguous title but I don't really know how to ask this in a more linguistic way. This question comes from trying to form sentences of the form The (property) (subject) is the one ...
MyUserIsThis's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
568 views

"Скучаю по вас" или "Скучаю по вам"?

Я человек, так сказать, не близкий к филологии. Давно интересует вопрос: как правильно: "Скучаю по вас" или "Скучаю по вам"?
mathem's user avatar
  • 139
3 votes
1 answer
612 views

Difference between “нac" и "наш”

I was given this sentence: Our names are Misha and Masha They told me to translate it and i translated it like this: Наш зовут Миша и Маша But the correct answer: Нас зовут Миша и Маша Why is нас(us) ...
Almonds812's user avatar
  • 1,053
3 votes
1 answer
288 views

Are pronouns listed correctly in this past tense conjugation table?

Is it me or is this wrong? In the masculine section of this table, isn't it supposed to say он instead of я?
Almonds812's user avatar
  • 1,053
4 votes
3 answers
521 views

Asking to take photos in Russian

If I want to say "can I take a photo of you (your face)", how should I proceed? Могу снять фото на вас? Могу снять портрет ваш? Or neither of the aforementioned?
swrutra's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
103 views

У меня or мне before не- words

Which one is correctly written? У меня не с кем говорить Мне не с кем говорить Thanks!
swrutra's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
106 views

Inflection of такой, какой

Within the expression такой, какой must both components be in the same case? Or rather, какой may take another case, according to the content of the second clause? For example: "She's just like she ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
4 votes
3 answers
158 views

The reason why the reflexive pronoun "себя" is not used despite referring to oneself?

В то время был еще жив человек, который подталкивал меня к осуществлению мечты. {Why not}: В то время был еще жив человек, который подталкивал себя к осуществлению мечты. The speaker is reminiscing ...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
231 views

"вы с Адамом близки": Why use the plural "вы" to supposedly refer to the casual, singular "you"?

Я начинаю понимать, почему вы с Адамом так близки. The intended meaning: "you{singular, her interlocutor} and Adam are so close" The speaker and her interlocutor are on close enough terms to call ...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
114 views

clarification on the proper form of a possessive pronoun

Simple question at the end of my textbook (finally)... I'm supposed to provide the proper form for a possessive pronoun in the blank: Где ____ машина! Вы видели ____ машину? Нет, я не видел ____ ...
nate's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
457 views

Often 2 variants of feminine instrumental...?

maybe my title needs some work... but I use Wiktionary a lot for declensions, etc and I often see two forms for feminine instrumental adjectives, but my textbook only ever uses, typically, the 'first' ...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
16 votes
4 answers
3k views

How to say "give to my girlfriend's mother" in Russian?

I know how to use possessive pronouns in Russian: Это моя книга. I also know how to describe a person's possession: Это книга подруги. But how do I combine two persons, such as in this example:...
user1438038's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Откуда взялось местоимение «её» и куда пропало «ея»?

Интересно было бы узнать больше об истории и этимологии личных местоимений третьего лица. Помнится, я где-то читал, что они якобы происходят от слова «оный». Как вы считаете? Может быть, все как ...
СкарсоГашин's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
251 views

считывать, считать (heteronyms, AKA heterophones) [closed]

In the Russian language we pronounce the written word считать differently, с-читать или щщитать, depending on what is expressed. (they are heteronyms, also known as heterophones, for English it's ...
Avtokod's user avatar
  • 2,452
3 votes
3 answers
287 views

Interrogative pronouns taking different case than it's noun

While reading https://en.m.wikibooks.org/wiki/Russian/Interrogative_Pronouns it's not clear to me the following example: He talks about the girl who works there - Он говорит о девушке, которая ...
Fernando's user avatar
  • 327
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did "он" suddenly become so much more common?

In the case of English, "she" was used much less than "he", and it still hasn't caught up. In Russian, it looks as if the translation of "he" almost didn't exist, until around 1915. What happened?
Ngrammer's user avatar
  • 169
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

"Я тоже" vs "мне тоже"

Sorry if this is a simple question but I'm struggling with when I should use these two and if they are interchangeable.
Luke Xu's user avatar
  • 451
6 votes
2 answers
745 views

Difference between "свою" and "твою"? [duplicate]

How to explain the difference to someone who's not a native Russian speaker? Example: Ты любишь свою маму? Ты любишь твою маму? The second example sounds a bit wrong.
Kirakishou's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

Какой vs что - when asking questions

If I wanted to ask someone, "What sport do you like?" or almost the same thing, "Which sport do you like?" - this latter being used as if a parent was asking a child while they were reviewing a sign-...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
7 votes
5 answers
1k views

Почему так часто "ничего" а не "ничто"? (Why "ничего" and not "ничто"?)

I understand the declension of что --  it's inanimate/неодушевлённый, so of course it should be Nom: что Acc: что Gen: чего Dat: чему Inst: чем Prep: чём Likewise  кто is animate/одушевлённый, so it ...
Chill2Macht's user avatar
  • 3,071
4 votes
4 answers
180 views

Why are words such as каждый, другой, etc. classified as determinative pronouns?

Multiple references classify каждый, другой, and иной, etc. as determinative pronouns (e.g. here, here) However, these words seem to function as typical adjectives as in: Я читал каждую книгу. While ...
FluffulousChimp's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
201 views

Third Person Plural Pronoun for Inanimate Objects in Accusative Case

I know that for animate objects the third person plural pronoun is их: — Ты знаешь Мишу и Катю? — Нет, я их не знаю. ( Нет, я этих людей не знаю. ) However, I am not sure if we use the same ...
Vlad's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
2 answers
686 views

Why is the possessive pronoun for "имя" "мое", even though "имя" is a feminine word?

I don't quite understand the reason for why мое instead of моя is used. Could somebody explain it to me?
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
787 views

Why use dative in "Сколько тебе лет"?

In the following sentence: Сколько тебе лет? Why do you use тебе, the dative form of ты? I think this sentence means "How old are you?" but why not say it with genitive, like: Сколько тебя лет?...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 1,157
4 votes
2 answers
430 views

Он даёт привыкнуть к нему или себе?

В таком предложении: Он заходит справа и, поравнявшись, даёт ей немного привыкнуть к себе. как правильно: к нему или к себе? Меня смущает "себе", потому что можно подумать, что он даёт ей время ...
Vitaly Sazanovich's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Impersonal pronoun (English one/you)

Many languages have an impersonal pronoun ("man" in German, "on" in French). In slightly old-fashioned English, the word "one" is used; as in "Where can one get one's hair cut?" Otherwise, "you" is ...
oz1cz's user avatar
  • 926
9 votes
3 answers
378 views

"Они братья" but "Это упражнения" - why different pronouns?

Let's take two example sentences: Вот пара ребят. Они братья. and Вот пара предложений, которые я выписал в тетрадь. Это упражнения. Я выписал их из учебника. Why can't we say: Вот пара ...
CopperKettle's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between ‘у тебя’ and ‘твой’? [duplicate]

У тебя торт / Твой торт У меня пирог / Мой пирог What is the difference?
Joy Hyuk Lee's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
808 views

How does a traditional family address one another?

In a traditional household, I'm curious.. In what sense do people talk to one another? Does a father talk to his children using "вы"? или "ты"? To the same respect, does a child refer to his parents ...
ddavison's user avatar
  • 518
8 votes
5 answers
8k views

Do gender-neutral pronouns exist in Russian?

I am trying to translate some things into Russia which use pronoun «ze». I would prefer not to have to make stuff up or use footnotes. Is there a gender neutral pronoun in Russian language? (Перевод) ...
v010dya's user avatar
  • 840
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between что-то, нечто и кое-что?

I know they can all be translated as something, and I know that что-то differs from что-нибудь in that it refers to something concrete, but not mentioned (whereas the former refers to anything at all) ...
CocoPop's user avatar
  • 8,300
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

How do you most commonly use чей/чья/чьё/чьи?

I know it is used as an interrogative pronoun ('Чей это дом?') - "whose", but I've also seen: For example -Turn one's attention to something обратить чье-либо внимание на что-либо I understand ...
Lawrence DeSouza's user avatar
8 votes
7 answers
3k views

"У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались"?

У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались. What' s the correct way of stating the fact that both of my watches are not functioning?
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,752
7 votes
4 answers
824 views

Сhoosing between твоих and своих

When should твоих be used and when should своих be used? What are the reasons for picking one over the other?
Trident D'Gao's user avatar
20 votes
6 answers
3k views

Possessive constructions: "мой" vs. "у меня"

What is the difference between the following sentences: Мой папа в командировке. У меня папа в командировке. How can I explain to foreign students when to use "мой" or "у меня"?
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
12 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why is мною used here instead of мной?

In this line: он сел наземь между мною и Верой
Lawrence DeSouza's user avatar
24 votes
6 answers
3k views

What's the difference between -либо and -нибудь?

The pairs кто-нибудь and кто-либо, когда-нибудь and когда-либо etc. have slight differences in meaning and each particle is used in specific settings, but I can't quite pinpoint what the difference is....
Vitaly Mijiritsky's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
412 views

Proper use of ничто when answering

This question might arise from a misunderstanding from my part, but here I am to solve it once and for all. From my russian courses, I remember my classmates answering "ничего" to questions meaning "...
Alenanno's user avatar
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