Questions tagged [окончания]

Questions about endings. Endings are morphemes that are added after suffixes and that mark grammatical categories of the word, such as number and case for nouns ("машин-а" -- "машин-ы" -- "машин-ой") or tense, number, person or gender for verbs ("хож-у" -- "ход-ишь" -- "ход-им" -- "ходил-а" -- "ходил-и").

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2
votes
1answer
109 views

Can it be said that the verbs in -ить are more localized in space and time than in -еть?

My gut feeling is this is the case. Verbs in -еть usually have prolonged, undetermined and broad character, while verbs in -ить are more "here and now". Is this view correct? Examples: хаметь-хамить,...
7
votes
3answers
229 views

How should I inflect animate nouns when they are used to figuratively call inanimate objects, and vice versa?

In Russian, animate and inanimate nouns inflect differently. Let's compare "кабан" and "стакан": Я вижу кабанов. Я стреляю в кабана. Я вижу стаканы. Я стреляю в стакан. It is all ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

What should be the proper word ending of the word “посадка”

In a phrase посадку на Луну предшествовали тренироваочные полеты The ending -у of the word "посадка" does not sound right for me. What is the proper ending to use in such case?
8
votes
2answers
156 views

дверями vs дверьми

What's the difference between дверями and дверьми? My textbook states that «дверьми» is bookish, however upon searching more into this I found some articles claiming that they are completely ...
8
votes
6answers
258 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb “быть”

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

Why does рот become рту, in the Dative Case?

What is the reason for this change? I had been under the impression that the rules from this (http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/nouns_dative.php) page apply to the changing of the noun ending.
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Why is “have you returned” “ты вернулся” instead of “ты вернул?”

Why is the former instead of the latter used?
2
votes
3answers
140 views

Why does “та ночь” become “ту ночью”, in “I saw a cat, that night”?

Somebody told to me that "I saw a cat, that night" translated to "я видел кошку, ту ночью", but I do not understand why "ночь" becomes ночью
12
votes
3answers
313 views

Why does дом become дома instead of домы?

I don't understand why the plural version of дом is дома instead of домы. I had thought that the common rule was to add -и / -ы at the end of masculine words in the nominative form.
1
vote
2answers
202 views

Why does “животное” become “животные” when “animal” becomes “animals”?

I have referenced a few Russian lesson pages, but I have not come up with an answer for why the ending changes in this particular manner. Could somebody explain this to me? I had thought that the ...
5
votes
3answers
140 views

Usage of -ю ending for Instrumental case?

I checked Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory in Pushkin's times? but I wonder how about using this ending today for adjectives, pronouns, etc.? What style or color does this give a text? ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory in Pushkin's times?

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory or overwhelming in Pushkin's times?
5
votes
1answer
111 views

Abbreviated first person singular ending

I noticed an acceptable alternative of the first person singular verb ending. I don't know if this is just an abbreviation or changes the meaning is associated to aspect, is associated to verbs of ...
7
votes
4answers
706 views

Is there a way to determine substantives ending in “-у” when used in context of localisation?

While doing research for this question, I encountered there is a thing named местный падеж as it says on the wikipages for пол and берег. Once a teacher told me, that there are some words ending in -...
9
votes
1answer
236 views

past tense without л

The phrase я ошибся is past tense but doesn't include an л near the end. Are there any other examples of this phenomenon? I asked some native speakers and they couldn't think of any. One of them ...
12
votes
3answers
441 views

Animate nouns - how to detect them without knowledge of Accusative

There is a well-known rule that a masculine noun is animate if its Accusative form has a non-zero ending. However, I haven't noticed this information to be mentioned in dictionaries... Maybe I just ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views
6
votes
3answers
4k views

В течение vs. на протяжении

При указании отрезков времени, во фразах вроде в продолжение / на протяжении / в течение трёх лет, в течение заканчивается на -е (винительный падеж), а на протяжении на -и (предложный). Есть тут ...
8
votes
1answer
343 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
20
votes
2answers
950 views

Миш, Кать, Ань, пап, мам — what is it in an address?

When I am addressing someone and say: Кать, приходи в гости в воскресенье is Кать just a spoken reduction of Катя, or is it a separate grammatical form?
23
votes
4answers
5k views

Чаю vs. чая: what ending is correct?

Is чаю or чая more correct in the sentences Я бы не отказался от чашки ча* and Можно мне ещё ча*? and what's the grammatical explanation?