Questions tagged [окончания]

Questions about endings. Endings are morphemes that are added after suffixes and that mark grammatical categories of the word, such as number and case for nouns ("машин-а" -- "машин-ы" -- "машин-ой") or tense, number, person or gender for verbs ("хож-у" -- "ход-ишь" -- "ход-им" -- "ходил-а" -- "ходил-и").

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8
votes
1answer
445 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Can it be said that the verbs in -ить are more localized in space and time than in -еть?

My gut feeling is this is the case. Verbs in -еть usually have prolonged, undetermined and broad character, while verbs in -ить are more "here and now". Is this view correct? Examples: хаметь-хамить,...
7
votes
3answers
255 views

How should I inflect animate nouns when they are used to figuratively call inanimate objects, and vice versa?

In Russian, animate and inanimate nouns inflect differently. Let's compare "кабан" and "стакан": Я вижу кабанов. Я стреляю в кабана. Я вижу стаканы. Я стреляю в стакан. It is all ...
8
votes
6answers
301 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

What should be the proper word ending of the word "посадка"

In a phrase посадку на Луну предшествовали тренироваочные полеты The ending -у of the word "посадка" does not sound right for me. What is the proper ending to use in such case?
5
votes
1answer
206 views

Why does рот become рту, in the Dative Case?

What is the reason for this change? I had been under the impression that the rules from this (http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/nouns_dative.php) page apply to the changing of the noun ending.
8
votes
2answers
171 views

дверями vs дверьми

What's the difference between дверями and дверьми? My textbook states that «дверьми» is bookish, however upon searching more into this I found some articles claiming that they are completely ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Миш, Кать, Ань, пап, мам — what is it in an address?

When I am addressing someone and say: Кать, приходи в гости в воскресенье is Кать just a spoken reduction of Катя, or is it a separate grammatical form?
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What are some examples of nouns that end in -у in prepositional case

I know one already: in the garden - в саду
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Abbreviated first person singular ending

I noticed an acceptable alternative of the first person singular verb ending. I don't know if this is just an abbreviation or changes the meaning is associated to aspect, is associated to verbs of ...
6
votes
3answers
162 views

Usage of -ю ending for Instrumental case?

I checked Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory in Pushkin's times? but I wonder how about using this ending today for adjectives, pronouns, etc.? What style or color does this give a text? ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Why is "have you returned" "ты вернулся" instead of "ты вернул?"

Why is the former instead of the latter used?
2
votes
3answers
157 views

Why does "та ночь" become "ту ночью", in "I saw a cat, that night"?

Somebody told to me that "I saw a cat, that night" translated to "я видел кошку, ту ночью", but I do not understand why "ночь" becomes ночью
12
votes
3answers
437 views

Why does дом become дома instead of домы?

I don't understand why the plural version of дом is дома instead of домы. I had thought that the common rule was to add -и / -ы at the end of masculine words in the nominative form.
1
vote
2answers
231 views

Why does "животное" become "животные" when "animal" becomes "animals"?

I have referenced a few Russian lesson pages, but I have not come up with an answer for why the ending changes in this particular manner. Could somebody explain this to me? I had thought that the ...
8
votes
4answers
750 views

Is there a way to determine substantives ending in "-у" when used in context of localisation?

While doing research for this question, I encountered there is a thing named местный падеж as it says on the wikipages for пол and берег. Once a teacher told me, that there are some words ending in -...
23
votes
4answers
5k views

Чаю vs. чая: what ending is correct?

Is чаю or чая more correct in the sentences Я бы не отказался от чашки ча* and Можно мне ещё ча*? and what's the grammatical explanation?
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory in Pushkin's times?

Was -ю ending in instrumental mandatory or overwhelming in Pushkin's times?
6
votes
3answers
4k views

В течение vs. на протяжении

При указании отрезков времени, во фразах вроде в продолжение / на протяжении / в течение трёх лет, в течение заканчивается на -е (винительный падеж), а на протяжении на -и (предложный). Есть тут ...
9
votes
1answer
249 views

past tense without л

The phrase я ошибся is past tense but doesn't include an л near the end. Are there any other examples of this phenomenon? I asked some native speakers and they couldn't think of any. One of them ...
12
votes
3answers
490 views

Animate nouns - how to detect them without knowledge of Accusative

There is a well-known rule that a masculine noun is animate if its Accusative form has a non-zero ending. However, I haven't noticed this information to be mentioned in dictionaries... Maybe I just ...