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Questions tagged [орфография]

The correct way of spelling a word according to the standard in a given language.

5
votes
3answers
206 views

Should “йе” after vowel be pronounced [jje]?

я, ю, е letters are pairs for а, у, э, and, мае should be read maje, and майе should be read majje, like it happens with мая and майя - maja and majja. Right? I, personally, think that э is a ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Tире или дефис в “сервис - конкурент”?

В фразе "Cмогли бы создать сервис-конкурент?", где сервис-конкурент означает "сервис, который является (являлся бы) конкурентом - нужно ли тут писать тире или дефис?
6
votes
3answers
211 views

в чдачах и в нечдачах

А есть на этойм плакате несколько слов, незнакомые мне, и которых не найдётся б в словарях. Суть в чдачах и в нечдачах (разве это просто опечатка? имелось слово "удачах" ввиду?) чничтожим (разве это ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

“C днем рождения” или “Co днем рождения”?

Could you please tell me whether people say "C днем рождения" or "Co днем рождения" ? And why. Thank you very very much. Best wishes, Peter
16
votes
1answer
2k views

What kind of Russian orthography is this?

This is a screen shot from Tchaikovsky's Harmony textbook: Is this the pre-reform orthography? If someone learns modern Russian, how difficult will it be to understand such paragraphs?
-1
votes
1answer
113 views

Help with a Kazakh postal address [closed]

I want to send a card to a friend in Kazakhstan. The address as she once gave me is: Kostanai city, Abaya 9/1, 1 "B" and I believe the postal code is 110005 (but may be wrong). From my looking ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Why did “он” suddenly become so much more common?

In the case of English, "she" was used much less than "he", and it still hasn't caught up. In Russian, it looks as if the translation of "he" almost didn't exist, until around 1915. What happened?
9
votes
3answers
498 views

со днём vs. с днём

I'm aware that о is added to some prepositions for historical reasons in some combinations (со дня, ко мне, во сне, etc.). A student recently asked why we usually say с днём рождения instead of со ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Question about spelling “чьё/чья/чьи”

As far as I understand, "ч" is always soft. The letter "ь" usually denotes that the preceding letter is soft. These two facts together seem to imply that the combination "чь" (just like "щь") would/...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Дефис: «процедурно сгенерированный» или «процедурно-сгенерированный»?

Нужен ли дефис во фразе «процедурно(-)сгенерированный» (от термина «процедурная генерация»)? Если что, это перевод английского "procedurally generated".
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Какой вопрос задавать к слову получится?

Какой вопрос задавать к слову "получится" в предложении "Получится ли?" для проверки "-тся/-ться"?
7
votes
1answer
288 views

Ставится ли запятая в обороте “верный как пёс”?

По правилу о постановке запятой перед союзом "как" запятая не ставится, если оборот входит в состав фразеологизма. Мне кажется, что "верный как пёс" является достаточно устойчивым оборотом, и поэтому ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

What is the use of the soft sign in front of (soft-indicating) vowels, in words like “компьютеры” and “пьёт”?

I was told that the soft sign makes the preceding consonant soft. I understand why it used at the end of words (царь, гулять, здесь) or before consonants (огоньки, письмо). But why is the soft sign ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

What are the origins of the чу/щу rule?

Whenever I see a quotation from the medieval chronicles (or even later sources like the time of Tsar Alexey), ч is followed by ю every single time. When and how did the rule change?
8
votes
2answers
211 views

Writing “o” or “a”

Please tell me if there are any rules for writing "o" or "a" in a Russian word. Meaning, if a pronounced word has many "a" how do you know if any of them and which one of them is written as "o"(...
0
votes
1answer
379 views

Как пишется “неподавшие документы лица”?

"Неподавшие" пишется слитно или раздельно? Предложение: Сделать что-то с лицами, неподавшими документы на оформление пропуска"
1
vote
2answers
182 views

Как правильно пишется “Сиэттл?”

Через две буквы "т" или одну? То есть, на наших колоколах в соборе пишется через две, а в momondo.ru лишь через одну. В Сиэттле живу, и постоянно вижу эти разные способы.
5
votes
1answer
11k views

“Нечищеный” или “нечищенный”

Согласно информации о правописании бесприставочных прилагательных и причастий с -н- и -нн-, которую я нашел в Интернете, прилагательные должны писаться с -н-, а причастия - с -нн-. Например, чищеный ...
-2
votes
2answers
310 views

How to write out the date in russian for a tattoo [duplicate]

How to write April seventeenth two thousand fifteen in Russian, im trying to figure out a interesting way to get a tattoo of the date my grandmother died
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Нужно ли писать слово Указ с заглавной буквы?

Traditionally, the capital letter is very rarely used in Russian. Even the language itself, русский, traditionally starts with a lower case letter itself, in Russian. As such, what is the reason ...
5
votes
4answers
514 views

Questions about the Russian old children's song “Каравай”

I hope someone would kindly answer the following questions. In this song, there are the words "нижины (=низины)" and "ужины (=узины)" that are not found in ordinary dictionaries. Why is -жи- used ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
1
vote
1answer
474 views

123456000-й словами

Порядковые числительные, оканчивающийся на -сотый, -тысячный, -милионный и т.д., пишутся слитно2: Составные числительные пишутся раздельно, имея столько слов, сколько в числе значащих цифр, не ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Why “расчёт” but “рассчитывать”

Why "расчёт" with one "с" and "рассчитывать" with two "с"?
3
votes
2answers
434 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
3
votes
3answers
430 views

Why is “ф” used almost exclusively in loan words?

It is a common bit of trivia that the letter Ф is an extremely reliable indicator that you are looking at a loan word. Wikipedia tries its best at mentioning a couple of words of Slavic origin, but ...
8
votes
2answers
175k views

Проверочное слово к слову «окрестность»

В слове окрестность есть непроизносимая согласная т. Какое будет проверочное слово? Если верить Викисловарю, корень здесь окрест-. Каким словом показать, что в корне есть т, чтобы она произносилась?
9
votes
3answers
542 views

What function does the soft sign ь have in a word like учишься?

I was taught that certain consonants such as ш are always 'hard'. What function does the soft sign ь have when placed after these 'always hard' consonants? For example, in words such as учишься? Does ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What distinguishes the “hushers” (ч, ш, щ, ж) linguistically from other consonants?

I've seen the word "hushers" used to describe the Russian consonants ч, ш, щ, ж (especially in the context of spelling rules). Is this an accepted linguistic concept or is it just a convenient name ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Слово “Бог”: с прописной или со строчной

В классике русской литературы разных изданий встречается написание слова "бог" в сходном контексте как с прописной, так и со строчной буквы. Например, Во главе тамошнего местного духовенства ...
1
vote
3answers
200 views

What are the exact orthography, etymology and explicit semantics of галимо/голимо?

In phrases like: Это г@лимый бред. Это г@лимыe сопли. The word has been detected in conversational register of middle/low class native speakers in NW Russia, sometimes in fictional literature ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

Южно-Африканская Республика vs. Центральноевропейское время

Could anybody explain to me why Южно-Африканская Республика is written with a hyphen? I thought a hyphen was a sort of replacement for и, meaning that the two parts of the word are of equal relation ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

Знак ударения (в раскладке и не только) [closed]

В современнном русском знак ударения поджидает примерно такая же судьба, что и букву ё. Тем не менее хотелось бы уточнить: предусмотрен ли это знак в русской раскладке клавиатуры? Если да, то каким ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Is 'ё' a distinct letter, or is it just 'е' with a diaeresis?

Some sources say that there are 32 letters in the alphabet, while others say there are 33. The discrepancy seems to be a result of including/excluding ё. They also mention (whether or not they include ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

“Она врач” or “она врачь”?

So my question is whether I should use a soft sign at the end of врач when I am referring to a woman doctor? It seems like in this case врач becomes feminine and the same rule as for ночь has to be ...
5
votes
5answers
17k views

“чё?” or “чо?” - which is the correct spelling?

Suppose I want to write a book, where one of the characters is a simpleton without a proper education. This character needs to say "чё?" ("чо?") instead of "что?", e.g.: — Твоя сестра умеет ...
11
votes
1answer
690 views

Is it true that the spelling reform changed the meaning of 'War and Peace'?

I've seen copies of War and Peace with the old orthography. Does the old form carry a different connotation or meaning than the new? Is there a nuance in pronunciation that indicates awareness of ...
6
votes
1answer
255 views

Why is there no з- prefix in Russian?

All the other prefixes ending in с I can think of off the top of my head have a counterpart ending with з. бес-/без- ис-/из- вос-/воз- The version with с is used before voiceless ...
24
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф?

Some words of Greek descent use ф as corresponding to the Greek θ, while some use т. The former I think tend to be loaned earlier. However, in "Brothers Karamazov" I have found Mitya using the word "...
21
votes
9answers
2k views

Is there a word that starts with “ы”?

I remember from my school years that there is no such thing as a word that starts with 'ы'. Is this true? If so, is there something fundamental that prevents this from happening? If no, can anybody ...
12
votes
3answers
349 views

Has заец really become an acceptable spelling?

This is a follow up to the question Has кофе become neutral? I have read somewhere on the web that it is now acceptable to write заец instead of заяц. Not that I am going to do that, just like I am ...