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Questions tagged [орфография]

The correct way of spelling a word according to the standard in a given language.

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28 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф?

Some words of Greek descent use ф as corresponding to the Greek θ, while some use т. The former I think tend to be loaned earlier. However, in "Brothers Karamazov" I have found Mitya using the word "...
zefciu's user avatar
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21 votes
9 answers
4k views

Is there a word that starts with "ы"?

I remember from my school years that there is no such thing as a word that starts with 'ы'. Is this true? If so, is there something fundamental that prevents this from happening? If no, can anybody ...
Trident D'Gao's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
5k views

What kind of Russian orthography is this?

This is a screenshot from Tchaikovsky's Harmony textbook: (from page 5 of an 1897 edition — link to PDF) And here is a transcription: Ученіе объ интерваллахъ. Хотя предполагается, что приступающій ...
18 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why is the letter "г" in some Russian words pronounced [v]?

We all agree that the letter г in Russian is equivalent to g in English. But why is the letter г in some Russian words pronounced [v]? For example: сегодня = pronounced as if it is written: севодня ...
Influx's user avatar
  • 2,035
17 votes
6 answers
4k views

Is 'ё' a distinct letter, or is it just 'е' with a diaeresis?

Some sources say that there are 32 letters in the alphabet, while others say there are 33. The discrepancy seems to be a result of including/excluding ё. They also mention (whether or not they include ...
ctype.h's user avatar
  • 1,515
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did "он" suddenly become so much more common?

In the case of English, "she" was used much less than "he", and it still hasn't caught up. In Russian, it looks as if the translation of "he" almost didn't exist, until around 1915. What happened?
Ngrammer's user avatar
  • 169
14 votes
6 answers
5k views

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

I recently got puzzled as to why the Russian journalists spell the surname of the current Turkish president as Эрдоган, with г. We spell his surname as エルドアン, which does not include any sound similar ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
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12 votes
8 answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell "жирный" (fatty) as "жырный"?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.3k
12 votes
7 answers
4k views

“Она врач” or “она врачь”?

So my question is whether I should use a soft sign at the end of врач when I am referring to a woman doctor? It seems like in this case врач becomes feminine and the same rule as for ночь has to be ...
Trident D'Gao's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
436 views

Has заец really become an acceptable spelling?

This is a follow up to the question Has кофе become neutral? I have read somewhere on the web that it is now acceptable to write заец instead of заяц. Not that I am going to do that, just like I am ...
Dima's user avatar
  • 3,126
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is it true that the spelling reform changed the meaning of 'War and Peace'?

I've seen copies of War and Peace with the old orthography. Does the old form carry a different connotation or meaning than the new? Is there a nuance in pronunciation that indicates awareness of ...
luser droog's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
4k views

What distinguishes the "hushers" (ч, ш, щ, ж) linguistically from other consonants?

I've seen the word "hushers" used to describe the Russian consonants ч, ш, щ, ж (especially in the context of spelling rules). Is this an accepted linguistic concept or is it just a convenient name ...
joshualotz's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
767 views

What function does the soft sign ь have in a word like учишься?

I was taught that certain consonants such as ш are always 'hard'. What function does the soft sign ь have when placed after these 'always hard' consonants? For example, in words such as учишься? Does ...
joshualotz's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why is Max Verstappen's last name transliterated with a Ф ('F') instead of a В ('V')?

Russian news articles about Formula 1 driver Max Verstappen, for example this recent one, always seem to transliterate his last name as Ферстаппен instead of (what I would expect) Верстаппен. What is ...
Glorfindel's user avatar
  • 1,031
9 votes
6 answers
1k views

Question about spelling "чьё/чья/чьи"

As far as I understand, "ч" is always soft. The letter "ь" usually denotes that the preceding letter is soft. These two facts together seem to imply that the combination "чь" (just like "щь") would/...
Chill2Macht's user avatar
  • 3,071
9 votes
3 answers
832 views

How is the choice made by Nicholas II between "также" and "так же" in his Language Manifesto of 1900 correct?

In his Language Manifesto of 1900, Nicholas II of Russia wrote: Вмѣстѣ съ тѣмъ приняты во вниманіе потребности частныхъ лицъ, коимъ и впредь обезпечена возможность обращаться въ правительственныя ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.3k
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

со днём vs. с днём

I'm aware that о is added to some prepositions for historical reasons in some combinations (со дня, ко мне, во сне, etc.). A student recently asked why we usually say с днём рождения instead of со ...
Curt's user avatar
  • 604
8 votes
2 answers
185k views

Проверочное слово к слову «окрестность»

В слове окрестность есть непроизносимая согласная т. Какое будет проверочное слово? Если верить Викисловарю, корень здесь окрест-. Каким словом показать, что в корне есть т, чтобы она произносилась?
Alexey Ivanov's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
267 views

Writing "o" or "a"

Please tell me if there are any rules for writing "o" or "a" in a Russian word. Meaning, if a pronounced word has many "a" how do you know if any of them and which one of them is written as "o"(...
marias's user avatar
  • 145
7 votes
2 answers
14k views

Слово "Бог": с прописной или со строчной

В классике русской литературы разных изданий встречается написание слова "бог" в сходном контексте как с прописной, так и со строчной буквы. Например, Во главе тамошнего местного ...
Петр Широков's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
191 views

Why "расчёт" but "рассчитывать"

Why "расчёт" with one "с" and "рассчитывать" with two "с"?
nicael's user avatar
  • 215
7 votes
1 answer
598 views

Запятая в обороте "братан верный как пёс"

Перед союзом "как" запятая не ставится, если оборот входит в состав фразеологизма. "Верный как пёс" по всей видимости является фразеологизмом. Тогда во фразе "У меня есть ...
Amir's user avatar
  • 273
7 votes
1 answer
392 views

Why is there no з- prefix in Russian?

All the other prefixes ending in с I can think of off the top of my head have a counterpart ending with з. бес-/без- ис-/из- вос-/воз- The version with с is used before voiceless consonants, and the ...
Armen Tsirunyan's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
224 views

What is the history behind the word биткоин, why does it have И before Н?

People generally write it with И, not Й. Example: "Почему один биткоин так дорого стоит?" link 1 Furthermore, I decided to consult an orthographic (spelling) dictionary, and it confirmed ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
6 votes
2 answers
509 views

What is the use of the soft sign in front of (soft-indicating) vowels, in words like "компьютеры" and "пьёт"?

I was told that the soft sign makes the preceding consonant soft. I understand why it used at the end of words (царь, гулять, здесь) or before consonants (огоньки, письмо). But why is the soft sign ...
Pertinax's user avatar
  • 163
6 votes
3 answers
302 views

в чдачах и в нечдачах

А есть на этойм плакате несколько слов, незнакомые мне, и которых не найдётся б в словарях. Суть в чдачах и в нечдачах (разве это просто опечатка? имелось слово "удачах" ввиду?) чничтожим (разве это ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
655 views

Questions about the Russian old children's song "Каравай"

I hope someone would kindly answer the following questions. In this song, there are the words "нижины (=низины)" and "ужины (=узины)" that are not found in ordinary dictionaries. Why is -жи- used ...
okazatsky's user avatar
  • 641
6 votes
2 answers
689 views

Why was it decided in 1956 to abolish the spelling чорт (devil) in favor of чёрт?

I read in Wiktionary: чорт This spelling of the word was officially abolished in 1956 in favor of чёрт and is no longer in use. Both variants are pronounced identically. (Source) I see in Ngram ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.3k
6 votes
1 answer
188 views

What are the origins of the чу/щу rule?

Whenever I see a quotation from the medieval chronicles (or even later sources like the time of Tsar Alexey), ч is followed by ю every single time. When and how did the rule change?
Alexey's user avatar
  • 281
5 votes
2 answers
319 views

Why "вести" but "веду"

Let's compare three verbs and their first person singular forms: нести - несу везти - везу вести - веду Is there a particular reason why, in вести, the с turned into д ? Is there any intuitive ...
Matti P.'s user avatar
  • 257
5 votes
3 answers
10k views

Знак ударения (в раскладке и не только) [closed]

В современнном русском знак ударения поджидает примерно такая же судьба, что и букву ё. Тем не менее хотелось бы уточнить: предусмотрен ли это знак в русской раскладке клавиатуры? Если да, то каким ...
Manjusri's user avatar
  • 4,492
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Representing long vowels in Russian Cyrillic

In Russian, there's no such thing as distinguishing between long and short vowels. My question is — nevertheless, are there any orthographic rules for representing long vowels in Russian? Do double ...
Avalokitesvara's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
391 views

Should "йе" after vowel be pronounced [jje]?

я, ю, е letters are pairs for а, у, э, and, мае should be read maje, and майе should be read majje, like it happens with мая and майя - maja and majja. Right? I, personally, think that э is a ...
qdinar's user avatar
  • 167
5 votes
5 answers
19k views

"чё?" or "чо?" - which is the correct spelling?

Suppose I want to write a book, where one of the characters is a simpleton without a proper education. This character needs to say "чё?" ("чо?") instead of "что?", e.g.: — Твоя сестра умеет ...
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
5 votes
3 answers
8k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
Julia's user avatar
  • 61
5 votes
1 answer
36k views

"Нечищеный" или "нечищенный"

Согласно информации о правописании бесприставочных прилагательных и причастий с -н- и -нн-, которую я нашел в Интернете, прилагательные должны писаться с -н-, а причастия - с -нн-. Например, чищеный ...
AnT stands with Russia's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
972 views

Are there any common words with the syllable "кы"?

Some time ago a Russian academic visitor told me that there are no "normal" Russian words with the syllable кы. He said that the only words with the syllable кы are proper names given by non-Russian ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why are the dotted i (І/і) and yi (Ї/ї) from Ukrainian not present in Russian?

I've noticed the absence of the dotted i (І/і) as well as yi (Ї/ї) in the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. Why are these two letters not shared when they're vowels that are fundamental in Ukrainian?
aitía's user avatar
  • 181
4 votes
2 answers
301 views

Южно-Африканская Республика vs. Центральноевропейское время

Could anybody explain to me why Южно-Африканская Республика is written with a hyphen? I thought a hyphen was a sort of replacement for и, meaning that the two parts of the word are of equal relation ...
texnic's user avatar
  • 4,664
4 votes
1 answer
301 views

Дефис: «процедурно сгенерированный» или «процедурно-сгенерированный»?

Нужен ли дефис во фразе «процедурно(-)сгенерированный» (от термина «процедурная генерация»)? Если что, это перевод английского "procedurally generated".
Zaqq's user avatar
  • 43
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

"Свежеструганые доски" or "свежеструганные доски"?

Театральные подмостки Для таких, как мы, бродяг, Свежеструга(н, нн)ые доски, Занавески на гвоздях. This portion of 1991 Russian song («Бродячие артисты») made me think of Н-НН orthography of Russian ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why is "ф" used almost exclusively in loan words?

It is a common bit of trivia that the letter Ф is an extremely reliable indicator that you are looking at a loan word. Wikipedia tries its best at mentioning a couple of words of Slavic origin, but ...
RegDwight's user avatar
  • 1,259
3 votes
2 answers
195 views

How do you choose between "о" and "ё" after sibilants for neologisms?

Let us imagine a poor student who considers that a voltage measuring device is called напряжометр (stressed О). Of course it's wrong; the correct word is вольтметр (voltmeter). My question is: how do ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
3 votes
3 answers
5k views

Какой вопрос задавать к слову получится?

Какой вопрос задавать к слову "получится" в предложении "Получится ли?" для проверки "-тся/-ться"?
jokelocker's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
817 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
hazzik's user avatar
  • 388
3 votes
2 answers
415 views

Is there a universally accepted set of Russian grammar rules?

Let's suppose that I am having an argument with someone about how to properly write a Russian word (e.g., прожжёный мошенник vs. прожжённый мошенник) or whether a comma should be put in a certain ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.3k
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

Как писать прилагательное, образованное от имени собственного?

Рельсы — имя собственное, образованное от название технологии Ruby on Rails. Я учу Рельсы. Рельсы пишем с прописной (большой) буквы. А как писать: «Я люблю рельсовую реализацию моделей»? С одной ...
Сергей Блохин's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
169 views

Tире или дефис в "сервис - конкурент"?

В фразе "Cмогли бы создать сервис-конкурент?", где сервис-конкурент означает "сервис, который является (являлся бы) конкурентом - нужно ли тут писать тире или дефис?
qdinar's user avatar
  • 167
2 votes
2 answers
300 views

Why are there two н's in «c мороженной формой» and not just one?

Из-под сена виднелись: самовар, кадка с мороженной формой и ещё кой-какие привлекательные узелки и коробочки. Why is there a double -нн- in the word „мороженной“? And, more importantly, what rule is ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
2 votes
1 answer
79 views

Понимание чего-то(,) как чего-то

Нужна ли запятая в данном обороте перед "как"? Под какое правило можно подвести этот случай? Контекст: Я давно подхватил выражение: бодрят победы, а война быстро утомляет. Безусловно, ...
Alexander Demidov's user avatar