Questions tagged [отрицание]

Questions related to the negation.

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1answer
68 views

Не(двуличен) своим поведением

Задумалась мне задумка одна - как ведёт себя краткое прилагательное с частицей "не", слитно или раздельно, когда есть подозреваемый на "зависимое слово". Не убивший выстрелом ...
3
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3answers
310 views

некуда vs. негде: when to use which?

Both некуда and негде mean nowhere, but there seems to be some semantic difference between the two. For example, we have Им некуда идти They have nowhere to go and Им негде сесть They have nowhere ...
3
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2answers
217 views

Meaning of the negation in phrases like “не должен прочитать”

I am often confused by phrases like "не должен прочитать," "не должен сделать," "не должен работать," "не должен платить" and so on. Sometimes the negation appears to refer to "должен," and sometimes -...
4
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3answers
207 views

What does “не” negate in “нечто” and “нехай”?

The prefix "не" is used to negate or reverse the meaning of the word: вежливый (polite) → невежливый (impolite) слабо (weakly) → неслабо (strongly) Following this logic, "нечто" ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Why is the negated adjective written separately here?

I am struggling to see the distinction despite a native trying to explain it to me. Consider the following example: – Игорь, Гарик, вы продолжаете работать на поиске вампирши. – Шеф будто от- несся к ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

When to use “спасибо нет” or “нет спасибо”?

I understand that both expressions are acceptable translations of “no, thank you” in order to politely answer no to a question. Are they always interchangeable? In which situations would we use one ...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

Перевод вопроса, начинающегося с surely

Surely his wish had not been fulfilled? В «Портрете Дориана Грея» Оскара Уайльда это предложение передает удивление, испытанное Дорианом Греем после некоторого события. В примечаниях к одному из ...
6
votes
2answers
550 views

Управление “не существует” - именительный или родительный падеж?

Какое из предложенний построенно корректно? Почему? "Лампа не существует" И.П. "Лампы не существует" Р.П.
5
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2answers
548 views

Negative prefixes не- vs. ни-

This is the kind of things I know how to use in practice, but would not manage to explain to someone in theory. Некогда, нечего, нечем, не с кем... they differ from никогда, ничего, ничем, ни с кем ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Does “это не значит, что я стану …” express a determined refusal like “я не стану …”?

Я не стану тебя слушаться. As I understand it, when "не" directly qualifies the verb "стать", the phrase expresses a determined refusal to do something: "not going to do / not about to do". {vs}: ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

Why do people say “я никто”, not “я не никто”

Why do people say я никто instead of я не никто. It really confuses because I learned that everything needs double negation.
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Use of “абсолютно” as negative sentence-word response

Based on a limited sample of native Russian-speaking friends, I've come to understand that the adverb "абсолютно" used as a sentence-word in a response is synonymous with "no" as in: -- Неужели Вы ...
7
votes
1answer
190 views

Can I say “я не в доме не прыгал” meaning “за пределами дома я не прыгал”

Я понимаю, что в устной речи так не говорят и, более того, так, наверное, не пишут. Но верно ли это с грамматической точки зрения, и не противоречит ли каким-то правилам. Также интересует вариант "Я ...
4
votes
4answers
215 views

Negation of feminine nouns in the accusative case

The rule given here is that the accusative case is used for animate/inanimate objects. If animate that means using the genitive case, if the sentence is positive, right? Example: (Masculine) ...
10
votes
6answers
380 views

Use of не стану [делать]

I came across the following construction: «Ерунда! – воскликнул принц. – Я не стану есть свою собаку! The context is an Indian prince, who is told he may have to eat his dog if the food runs out. ...
7
votes
7answers
366 views

Can you provide two sentences that mean the same, but one sentence is formally a negation of another?

Does there exist in Russian a pair of sentences which are the formal negation of each other, but have the same meaning?
7
votes
4answers
278 views

Is нет ever a contraction of не and есть?

My book on Russian claims that in phrases like здесь нет телефо́на the нет is a contraction of не and есть . Is this etymologically true? (I realize that it is translated as such, but this is not ...
9
votes
3answers
975 views

Answering negative questions with one word (да/нет) - are there rules?

If the question is formulated with negation to the verb, and it is answered with one word: да or нет, what is the rule of how to understand it: Imagine that the question is a logical expression (no ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Why “ничего не понимaю” ? Isn't “я ничего понимaю” enough?

There is already a negation included in ничего, in the statement "Я ничего не понимaю". I cannot figure out why instead of using "Я ничего понимaю" one uses that expression that apparently contains a ...
12
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6answers
3k views

When can one use “нету” instead of “нет”?

I've only read and heard нету in unformal contexts (Or I somehow associate this to kids saying нету as a cool version of нет, but that's just an impression based on a lack of practice of Russian, so I'...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What cases are used after negation? What are the rules? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When to use the genitive or the accusative in negative sentences I've read somewhere that after a negation, the Genitive is more common for the object being negated. When ...