Questions tagged [падежи]

Covers questions about different cases. Case is a morphological category of nouns and adjectives that signals their relation to other words in a sentence.

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2answers
136 views

Этот день был долгим, но погода была хорошая!

В конструкции этот день был долгим, прилагательное имя находится в творительном падеже, но вот здесь это был долгий день - в именительном падеже. Пожалуйста, скажите, всегда ли это правда ...
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2answers
195 views

How to complete “налей мне” and “отдай мне обратно”: “чаёк,” “чайка,” or “чайку”?

Here is a question in a test: Как корректно закончить следующие предложения? Налей мне ... . (а) чаёк (б) чайка (в) чайку Отдай мне обратно ... . (а) чаёк (б)...
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3answers
326 views

“Я считаю Пушкина более талантливым поэтом, чем Блок” or “чем Блокa”?

Here I am sitting late in the evening, struggling with a home test devised by a university teacher of mine, and here is a question in the test: Как корректно закончить следующее предложение? ...
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2answers
136 views

Why “она шепнула ему на ухо”, not “она шепнула на его ухо”?

Она́ что-то шепну́ла ему́ на у́хо. Она́ is nominative, all good. ему́ = dative , на = prepositional or accusative [my guess] у́хо = nominative or accusative [my guess] It seems to me that его ...
5
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1answer
283 views

Case Disagreement: Noun and its Adjective

Я предпочита́ю зелёный чай чёрному. In this sentence зелёный [nominative] should be зелёного [accusative] because чай is the direct object and therefore in accusative. I came across this sentence ...
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2answers
116 views

Dative or instrumental case hegemony?

I am not sure how to interpret the pronoun in this one: Ей вы́слали приглаше́ние, но она́ не пришла́. Obviously the second "she" is in nominative, but what about the first one? Looking at the ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Direct object confusion: “ему” or “силу”?

Thank you for any help in advance. "Трениро́вки дали ему́ силу и уве́ренность." In the above, I understand that емý is in the dative and силу и уве́ренность are in the accusative. I ask why силу и ...
3
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3answers
128 views

“Чтобы не пропустить новые видео” or “новых видео”?

Is it grammatically correct to say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новых видео" or should I say: "Подпишись, чтобы не пропустить новыe видео"? Please, instead of just saying which option is right,...
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3answers
326 views

Мужчина, который хочет надёжных отношений

A quote from a native speaker of Russian: Мужчина, который хочет надёжных отношений и семью. Question: Why did they use the genitive case in "надёжных отношений"? As a side note, regarding "семью"...
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4answers
311 views

How can I say in Russian “they cannot make the tournament attractive by itself”?

The question is in the title of this post. A couple of explanatory points: Context: The organizers of a certain tournament cannot provide a big cash prize that would attract a lot of participants, so ...
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3answers
151 views

Which cases are used with быть

I believe that the phrases in Russian for 'I was a student' is Я был студентом (instrumental case) and 'I was not a student' is Я не было студента (genitive case) and 'I am a student' is Я студент (...
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3answers
296 views

Can a noun in a sentence be both in the nominative and accusative cases?

One of my teachers once said that a noun in a sentence is always in a certain grammatical case and always has a certain role - the subject or an object. In other words, no noun can be in two different ...
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4answers
449 views

Why are the endings in “я студентка” and “я была студенткой” different?

My question is this: How did the Russian language end up having different endings in the phrases shown in the title of this post? Now I will make some remarks to explain precisely what makes me ...
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2answers
248 views

“Скучаю по вас” или “Скучаю по вам”?

Я человек, так сказать, не близкий к филологии. Давно интересует вопрос: как правильно: "Скучаю по вас" или "Скучаю по вам"?
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4answers
2k views

Russian cases: A few examples, I'm really confused

I'm doing the Pimsleur Russian audio course and I've come across some sentences that I'm not sure about. Example 1: I have money = у меня́ есть де́ньги. So far, so good. "At my place, there is ...
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3answers
208 views

Почему Фёдор Достоевский, но Чарльз Буковски?

Почему мы читаем романы Фёдора Достоевского, но читаем стихи Чарльза Буковски?
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4answers
206 views

“Много народа” or “много народу”

I have been doing some reading lately, and became aware of the two phrases 'много народа' and 'много народу'. According to Google Ngrams, both are current (although 'много народу' is 2x more frequent)...
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1answer
79 views

Difference between “один наш постоялец” and “один наших постояльцев”?

I'm having difficulty in understanding the reason of using nominative in following phrase: "Один наш постоялец видел...". I thought genitive would be the correct case, like in: "Один наших постояльцев ...
3
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1answer
69 views

What is the proper case in “в век(е)”?

As far as I know, these expressions are correct: В двадцатом веке В век второй мировой войны Why does the first expression use the prepositional case, whereas the second expression uses the ...
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2answers
109 views

Use of instrumental case in a sentence

In the sentence, "русская культура создавалась веками", why is веками in instrumental case, and how would you translate the sentence? Thank you!
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2answers
145 views

Why nominative case in “на ужин”?

The grammar references I have read including my Russian textbook say на should be followed either by the accusative or prepositional case. But when translating "for lunch" and "for supper", the usages ...
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1answer
121 views

Is глазу in locative in “с глазу на глаз”?

с глазу на глаз I don't think глазу is in genitive. Is глазу́ in locative and with an accent in the last syllable, although с is usually combined with genitive?
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2answers
251 views

What is the right form of a possessive name - “мамы” or “мамины”?

There are also many other examples: "Гены" or "Генины"; "Светы" or "Светины"; "машины" or "машинины"; "дяди" or "дядины". What forms are the right?
3
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1answer
87 views

“живущего в христианскую эру” or “живущего в христианской эре”?

Which one is correct and why? "Это очень важно для любого человека, живущего в христианскую эру" or "Это очень важно для любого челoвека, живущего в христианской эре"
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3answers
135 views

In what instances is the preposition “по” coupled with prepositional case, as in “по чём”?

Девочки, по чем у вас на рынке свинина сейчас? Интересует цена в обычный непраздничный день. Пишите плиз свой населенный пункт. In my experience, the preposition "по" is most frequently followed by ...
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2answers
161 views

Улечься «на кровать» или «на кровати»?

В Интернете, вроде, встречаются обе формы (В.п. и Пр.п.). Улёгся «на ковёр»/«на ковре», «на кровать»/«на кровати», «на матрас»/«на матрасе». Есть ли одна правильная форма, а если нет, то в чём разница?...
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2answers
245 views

Управление “не существует” - именительный или родительный падеж?

Какое из предложенний построенно корректно? Почему? "Лампа не существует" И.П. "Лампы не существует" Р.П.
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2answers
81 views

Case after разучиться

Most verbs derived from учиться answer the question "чему?". However, my textbook just cites "делать что?" as the question to be answered by разучиться. Can разучиться be followed by a noun rather ...
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3answers
122 views

Why is “таких театров” in genitive in “таких театров повсюду – пруд пруди”?

Таких театров повсюду – пруд пруди. I'm at least aware that a quantity of something is expressed with the genitive case in Russian, but I'm not sure what necessitates the use of genitive in this case....
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1answer
46 views

case of поездки in expression в всей поездки

In expression в всей поездки I think всей is in the prepositional case. But what case is поездки?
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2answers
85 views

What should be the proper word ending of the word “посадка”

In a phrase посадку на Луну предшествовали тренироваочные полеты The ending -у of the word "посадка" does not sound right for me. What is the proper ending to use in such case?
3
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1answer
158 views

Should words agree in case and number?

Here's a quote from Anna Karenina: Как это будет ему доказано, он не знал, но знал, что это, несомненно, логически будет ему доказано, и он ждал этого доказательства I would like to know: why is ...
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2answers
170 views

Почему «Директор зоопарка», но «Заведующий зоопарком»?

Почему «Директор зоопарка», но «Заведующий зоопарком»? «Заведующий» здесь не существительное?
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4answers
486 views

на день рождения vs на дне рождения

Beginner here. There are 2 similiar sentences talking about a birthday, but use a different case and I am confused why. The first is Вчера я была у Тамары на дне рождения. Translation: Yesterday, I ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the rationale for using the genitive “ничего” in “у тебя ничего не получится”?

Если не решишь, не договоришься, у тебя ничего не получится. I'm wondering if the rationale for using the genitive "ничего" here can be put down to something as simple as a negative construction ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Verb - question words database or api [closed]

I'm writing an app for Russian language learners and I am looking for a database (as a csv file for example or an API) of Russian verbs and their associated cases? For instance something that can tell ...
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2answers
143 views

Собо́р Каза́нской ико́ны Бо́жией Ма́тери

Собо́р Каза́нской ико́ны Бо́жией Ма́тери Why is it not Божьей Матери ? Божьей is the feminine genitive of божий
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2answers
108 views

Why use Genitive for “something” to say “принести/bring someone something”?

Ты должен принести мне в точности то, что я сказал. In this sentence, the accusative "то" is understandably used to express the idea of "принести/bring someone something". I wonder why in the ...
3
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1answer
113 views

надо and the instrumental case (knife cutting bread; a tool)

I know about the use of dative case, or nominative case, as illustrated here: How does "следует" behave towards "должен", "надо" and "нужно" when talking about ...
5
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1answer
120 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
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2answers
100 views

Preposition вокруг (+ genitive) but sentence only has accusative nouns

I have a sentence, Он видел вокруг красивые, живописные места, невысокие горы, леса, реку Волгу. and translating is not hard, and I think the meaning is, He saw beautiful, picturesque places, ...
3
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2answers
79 views

чем + nominative vs genitive

What's the difference between Ваша комната лучше нашей and Ваша комната лучше чем наша ? Are these interchangeable? If so, when should I use the construction «чем + nominative» instead of the genitive ...
3
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2answers
72 views

What is the rationale for using the genitive “такого” in “что в них такого особенного”?

А что в них такого особенного? = And what's so special about it? I'm familiar with the use of Genitive in a negative construction: Не увидел я в них ничего такого особенного. or: Ничего ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Inflection of fraction numerals of per cents with nouns (в 2,4 процента? -ах? случаев)

I'm a bit puzzled as to the correct inflection of the word процент in a phrase such as в 2,4 процент(?) случаев Grammatically in the fractional part of fraction numerals процент must be inflected ...
2
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3answers
72 views

What is the rationale for using the genitive “этого” in “этого недостаточно”?

На вашем счету недостаточно денег, чтобы продолжить пользование услугами сети интернет. The reason for using the genitive "денег" seems straightforward enough, but in the following instance, the use ...
6
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2answers
130 views

What is the rationale for using Nominative Plural following the preposition “в” in “годиться в + noun”?

Не знаю, гожусь ли я в напарники, но попробовать можно. I've never come across another instance where a noun following the preposition "в" takes any other case than Prepositional or Accusative. Not ...
5
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5answers
123 views

What is the rationale for using the accusative “пару” in “пару часов не думать” without a preceding preposition?

В последнее время не было возможности побыть одной, немного расслабиться, чтобы пару часов не думать о домашних делах. Given the meaning of the phrase, it seems as if the preposition "за" with the ...
7
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4answers
739 views

What are the rules of the locative case?

I understood the first time I heard about the locative that it was usually reserved for monosyllabic masculine nouns (ex. чай, дом, сок) with exceptions (кровь, дверь). However, I recently saw that на ...
6
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3answers
160 views

Why use the instrumental “чем-то” instead of “что-то” in: “Ты чем-то похож на него”?

Ты чем-то похож на него. vs: Ты что-то похож на него. I understand that if the adjective "похожий" were not in the shortened form, it would take the instrumental case here. But I wonder if the ...
8
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2answers
150 views

дверями vs дверьми

What's the difference between дверями and дверьми? My textbook states that «дверьми» is bookish, however upon searching more into this I found some articles claiming that they are completely ...