Questions tagged [падежи]

Covers questions about different cases. Case is a morphological category of nouns and adjectives that signals their relation to other words in a sentence.

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1answer
2k views

мозг в местном/предложном падеже

Как правильно - в головном мозгу или в головном мозге?
6
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2answers
168 views

Can noun "миля" have Gen. Pl. form "милей"?

In the "Техника – молодежи" magazine, №5 1977, there is a sci-fi story translated from English, "A Task for Emmy", it is about a super-computer called "Эмми". The story has a phrase that puzzled me, "...
6
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4answers
1k views

Does "case" equal "declension"? 6 declensions for 16 cases?

I am somehow bemused by the sixteen cases of the Russian. On the other hand, I thought that there were only six kinds of declension. Perhaps these two facts are not contradictory, but the problem is ...
6
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2answers
264 views

How to complete "налей мне" and "отдай мне обратно": "чаёк," "чайка," or "чайку"?

Here is a question in a test: Как корректно закончить следующие предложения? Налей мне ... . (а) чаёк (б) чайка (в) чайку Отдай мне обратно ... . (а) чаёк (б) чайка (в) чайку I am at a loss as ...
6
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4answers
619 views

Why are the endings in "я студентка" and "я была студенткой" different?

My question is this: How did the Russian language end up having different endings in the phrases shown in the title of this post? Now I will make some remarks to explain precisely what makes me ...
6
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3answers
250 views

What should the ending be?

The sentence is Сегодня страна является одним из 21 участник(-?) международного соглашения. What should the ending of the noun be and why? An addition Ответ справочной службы русского языка Слово ...
6
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3answers
301 views

Why чаю, not чая, in "мы предлагаем гостям чашку чаю"?

I understand the translation of Мы предлагаем гостям чашку чаю to be "We offer a cup of tea to guests". But if this is so, shouldn't чай be in the genitive case (чая)? Why is it чаю? Perhaps I'm ...
6
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2answers
138 views

What is the rationale for using Nominative Plural following the preposition "в" in "годиться в + noun"?

Не знаю, гожусь ли я в напарники, но попробовать можно. I've never come across another instance where a noun following the preposition "в" takes any other case than Prepositional or Accusative. Not ...
6
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2answers
259 views

Inheriting cases / declension on appositions

This question arises from a tangential discussion in this one: Preposition to quote: из or от (or none of them). Concerning the punctuation (comma, dash, brackets...), when does a subordinate clause ...
6
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2answers
646 views

Управление "не существует" - именительный или родительный падеж?

Какое из предложенний построенно корректно? Почему? "Лампа не существует" И.П. "Лампы не существует" Р.П.
6
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1answer
270 views

Знаешь его брата - is 'его' in genitive and 'брата' in accusative?

There is this simple sentence I don't quite understand, grammatically; Он думает, ты знаешь его брата. He thinks you know his brother. So based on things like, Ivan's dog = The dog of Ivan собака ...
6
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1answer
400 views

Why is "час" in genitive plural in Он работает с двух часов?

Он работает с двух часов. After the preposition "с" (=since,from) we need to use the genitive case. "двух" is in genitive and as far as I know, два requires the noun to be in genitive singular(часа) ...
6
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3answers
527 views

Which case to use with "выглядеть"

In principle we can use: Он выглядит как дурак; дураком or Он выглядит хорошо, хорошим, как хороший X Which structure is best, or how do they differ in meaning? I also read this in ...
6
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1answer
148 views

Verb was with masculine noum

Why in the following sentence we use было instead of был, since we're talking about the husband? (Муж in this case). Жена́ не выходи́ла из свои́х ко́мнат, му́жа тре́тий день не бы́ло до́ма. English: ...
6
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3answers
317 views

Choice of case when more than one is allowed

Certain words govern more than one case even when the meaning is identical in both cases. For example, простить governs both the genitive and dative cases and «прости меня» and «прости мне» have the ...
6
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4answers
854 views

Preposition to quote: из or от (or none of them)

Suppose one wishes to quote a Russian text, say, the following well-known one: «Наука же говорит: возлюби, прежде всех, одного себя, ибо все на свете на личном интересе основано» Which way of the ...
5
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5answers
1k views

Nominative possessive vs genitive possessive

In class we recently covered the nominative possessive pronoun, мой,твой,его, etc. modified by number and gender. When I looked ahead I was surprised to find that these pronouns are further declined ...
5
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3answers
266 views

Why is it 'Как зовут сына Илоны?' and not 'Как зовут сын Илоны?'?

I'm fairly new at studying russian but I came across this example in my workbook: 'Как зовут сына Илоны?' and right next to it 'Как зовут дочь Илоны?' I know that 'Илоны' is genitive and the word ...
5
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4answers
970 views

What case after "с"?

I read the phrase начать с дерева in the context of a young man wanting to change his life and deciding to start by planting a tree. Why is дерева in the genitive case, while I would have expected the ...
5
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1answer
324 views

Case Disagreement: Noun and its Adjective

Я предпочита́ю зелёный чай чёрному. In this sentence зелёный [nominative] should be зелёного [accusative] because чай is the direct object and therefore in accusative. I came across this sentence ...
5
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2answers
531 views

"Aэропорт "Домодедово" - why not genitve?

When we form a noun phrase, we use either adjectives or genitive case. For example; красная машина -> feminine adjective + feminine noun (red car) цвет цветка -> nominative case + genitive case ...
5
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5answers
277 views

Case usage with хмель, похмелье?

I've come across these two set expressions, but I don't understand the cases that are used here. во хмелю — why is the preposition "в" being used with the ending "ю"—is this a partitive of some kind ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Which case is used for the word "домой"

In the following sentence: Мы возвращаемся домой. I am expecting accusative, so I'm confused.
5
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2answers
130 views

Preposition вокруг (+ genitive) but sentence only has accusative nouns

I have a sentence, Он видел вокруг красивые, живописные места, невысокие горы, леса, реку Волгу. and translating is not hard, and I think the meaning is, He saw beautiful, picturesque places, ...
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5answers
130 views

What is the rationale for using the accusative "пару" in "пару часов не думать" without a preceding preposition?

В последнее время не было возможности побыть одной, немного расслабиться, чтобы пару часов не думать о домашних делах. Given the meaning of the phrase, it seems as if the preposition "за" with the ...
5
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3answers
140 views

What is the rationale for using the genitive "такого" in "Такого, что многие даже не поверили бы!"?

Я здесь многое повидал! Такого, что многие даже не поверили бы! == Here, I've seen a lot of things! Such things that most people wouldn't even believe! Given that the word "такой" is used ...
5
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2answers
240 views

How to express "feel hatred"

Is it simply чувствовать ненависть? In a sentence like Он не чувствовал ненависти к своим врагам, what is the case of ненависти? I can rule out nominative plural and prepositional singular, but that ...
5
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3answers
349 views

Can a noun in a sentence be both in the nominative and accusative cases?

One of my teachers once said that a noun in a sentence is always in a certain grammatical case and always has a certain role - the subject or an object. In other words, no noun can be in two different ...
5
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2answers
178 views

Почему «Директор зоопарка», но «Заведующий зоопарком»?

Почему «Директор зоопарка», но «Заведующий зоопарком»? «Заведующий» здесь не существительное?
5
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5answers
327 views

In "мы купили продуктов на сто долларов", why продуктов?

In мы купили продуктов на сто долларов, why is продукт in the genitive plural (продуктов), not accusative plural (продукты)?
5
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2answers
174 views

Are there any differences between "купи дорогой сыр" and "купи дорогого сыру"?

The first example appears to be not flective at all, like in analytical languages. The second is sound more correctly to me, because it's using grammatical case... Am I right? The second is right and ...
5
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2answers
501 views

Case of complements in Russian

Context: My book says that: The copular verb is absent in the present tense for a compound predicate and the noun [which is the complement] is in the nominative case. In the past and future tenses ...
5
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3answers
126 views

In "связанных с его лечением", is связанных an adjective or a participle?

Take this sentence: Но похоже, что русским настолько неприятна мысль о геморрое и сложностях, связанных с его лечением, что они решили называть этим словом любые трудности, с которыми ...
5
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2answers
395 views

What case to use when saying "The book is called..."?

I want to tell a person the name of a book. It is my thinking that I am to use the Nominative Case when doing this because I am describing the subject of the sentence. In English the sentence would ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between ‘Что нового?’, ‘Что новое?’ and ‘Чего нового?’

I have seen both the constructions ‘Что нового?’ and ‘Что новое?’. I believe that both mean ‘What is new?’, but I cannot tell whether they are interchangable. (Edit: cha mentions ‘Чего нового?’ below; ...
5
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1answer
144 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
5
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2answers
254 views

Predicate taking instrumental case

When I use the verb 'быть' in the present, the predicate takes the nominative case, as in 'Я - высокий.' But when I change the tense, I sometimes feel I should use the instrumental instead (so 'Я был ...
5
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1answer
222 views

Why is the instrumental case used in the sentence: Чтобы быть здоровым?

From what I can tell, здоровым is the masculine/neuter instrumental case of здоровый. What I can't figure out is why the instrumental is used there? The sentence comes from a transcript found here: ...
5
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1answer
787 views

Partitive Genitive

I've read a bit about the partitive genitive in Russian, used in expressions such as "кусок сахару", "чашка чаю". However, the sources I use usually label this declension as facultative, mainly ...
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6answers
404 views

Is it a mistake to say, "Oвчинки выделка не стоит"(sic!)?

In a recent essay of mine, I accidentally mixed up the grammatical cases in an idiom. Namely, I wrote: овчинки выделка не стоит The most common variant of this idiom is: овчинка выделки не стоит ...
4
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3answers
614 views

Why is «Какого цвета» in genitive case?

I came across the sentence «Какого цвета платье?» today. I would've assumed that «Какого цвета» would be in the nominative case and was confused to see this construction. Is there a grammatical rule/...
4
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3answers
470 views

"Имеет четырёх сыновей" - why genitive?

Here is the sentence: "У меня есть друг, который имеет четырех сыновей и двух собак. Твоему другу повезло, мой брат имеет четырех сыновей и двух жен!". After "имеет" all the numbers and words are in ...
4
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3answers
187 views

In what instances is the preposition "по" coupled with prepositional case, as in "по чём"?

Девочки, по чем у вас на рынке свинина сейчас? Интересует цена в обычный непраздничный день. Пишите плиз свой населенный пункт. In my experience, the preposition "по" is most frequently followed by ...
4
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3answers
161 views

Мокрыми печальными птицами

Можно, конечно, мокрыми печальными птицами сидеть тут, ожидая момента, пока вода спадёт, но, во-первых, она реально фонила, а во-вторых, неизвестно ещё, кто к нам приплывет снизу. Я понял бы это как ...
4
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3answers
804 views

Regarding case usage with звать

Let's take a very simple sentence like Меня зовут Анна. While typically translated as "My name is Anna" a more literal translation would be, "They call me Anna," correct? Меня is the accusative, or ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Genitive case and dates

As far as I know you put dates in Genitive case, when you are saying something occurred on that date. So, for example We met on the twenty-second of June. Would be Мы познакомились двадцать второго ...
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4answers
503 views

"Не бойся собаки" or "не бойся собаку"?

Я уехал из России в возрасте 10-и лет. Моя жена не русскоязычная, но с детьми я говорю по-русски. Глагол "бояться" требует родительного падежа, т.е., кого? чего? а не кого? что?. Если память мне не ...
4
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2answers
120 views

"связать себя брачными узами" vs "связать себя узами брака"

связать себя брачными узами связать себя узами брака I wonder when you use one over the other and which is considered stylistically superior: "брак" as Plural Instrumental or as Singular ...
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5answers
523 views

why друг is in genitive case in this sentence?

I`m a newbie and I`m studying the rules for possession. As I have got the у preposition calls, the personal pronoun in genitive, but then the noun in nominative. Ex. У меня есть книга. But why in ...
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4answers
208 views

Expressing ownership of objects

I just started learning Russian two weeks ago, so be patience with me, please! I'm a native Portuguese speaker, and i also speak decent English, with a basic grammar knowledge. My question is, how ...