Questions tagged [правописание]

Questions about the spelling of words. The spelling is the process of writing or naming the letters of a word.

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30
votes
14answers
29k views

ахуеть and охуеть - which is used, and what is the precise meaning?

I came across the (obscene) verb ахуеть chatting (instant messaging, to be precise) with a native speaker (context: soccer game). A bit of research on the Russian Wiktionary seems to show that this ...
27
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф?

Some words of Greek descent use ф as corresponding to the Greek θ, while some use т. The former I think tend to be loaned earlier. However, in "Brothers Karamazov" I have found Mitya using the word "...
22
votes
9answers
3k views

Is there a word that starts with "ы"?

I remember from my school years that there is no such thing as a word that starts with 'ы'. Is this true? If so, is there something fundamental that prevents this from happening? If no, can anybody ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Are there loanwords from English where "h" is transliterated to "х" rather than "г"?

Russian doesn't have a direct equivalent to the sound of English h. But to some English speakers it seems odd that words taken into Russian from English which have an h sound are transliterated using ...
15
votes
3answers
711 views

Почему Евклид, а не Эвклид?

Why is Евклид spelled with Е in Russian? All the other words and names with Greek origin starting with E that I can think of are spelled with Э in Russian. Эратосфен, эвтаназия, эвристика ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Is 'ё' a distinct letter, or is it just 'е' with a diaeresis?

Some sources say that there are 32 letters in the alphabet, while others say there are 33. The discrepancy seems to be a result of including/excluding ё. They also mention (whether or not they include ...
13
votes
6answers
5k views

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

I recently got puzzled as to why the Russian journalists spell the surname of the current Turkish president as Эрдоган, with г. We spell his surname as エルドアン, which does not include any sound similar ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через "ж"?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
12
votes
3answers
413 views

Has заец really become an acceptable spelling?

This is a follow up to the question Has кофе become neutral? I have read somewhere on the web that it is now acceptable to write заец instead of заяц. Not that I am going to do that, just like I am ...
11
votes
1answer
380 views

Why "Гиппократ" but "ипподром"?

Both these words have Greek origin, specifically: Гиппократ (Hippocrates) comes from ίππος (horse) + κρατώ (I hold) = The one who holds the horses. Ипподром (horse-race track) comes from ίππος (...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Using written е instead of ë

Sometimes I see е written instead of ë. Is this actually a common occurence in written Russian, or an acceptable version of the word? For example, even Google Translate will not use the diacritical ...
10
votes
2answers
791 views

Russianization of Ancient Greek personal names

Can anyone shed some light onto the process by which (masculine) personal names of the Ancient Greek world were Russianized? With some notable exceptions (Homer, Aristotle, Hadrian, et al.), English ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Russian words in cyrillic that look like english words?

Ie words like COP or HAM which have a similar spelling but a totally different meaning in russian or in english. Can you provide the back translation of the russian?
9
votes
3answers
795 views

How is the choice made by Nicholas II between "также" and "так же" in his Language Manifesto of 1900 correct?

In his Language Manifesto of 1900, Nicholas II of Russia wrote: Вмѣстѣ съ тѣмъ приняты во вниманіе потребности частныхъ лицъ, коимъ и впредь обезпечена возможность обращаться въ правительственныя ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Писать местоимение "вы" с малой или большой буквы?

Мне когда-то кое-кто сказал, что писать "Вы" с большой буквы - подобострастно. Но я видел несколько раз, что пользователи этого сайта пишут это слово именно с большой буквы. Как на самом деле? /...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Дочерний интерфейс: подъинтерфейс, подинтерфейс, или подынтерфейс?

В программировании (как наверняка многие здесь знают) есть понятие "класс" и "дочерний класс", но более логично называть последнее "подклассом". И по мимо этого есть понятие интерфейс. До сих пор я ...
8
votes
2answers
493 views

Why "пишешь", "пишем", "пишете", not "пишёшь", "пишём", "пишёте"

A task asked me to conjugate the verb писать in present tense and I thought it whould have these endings: я пишу, ты пишёшь, он/она пишёт, мы пишём, вы пишёте, они пишут But I checked the wiktionary ...
8
votes
2answers
238 views

Writing "o" or "a"

Please tell me if there are any rules for writing "o" or "a" in a Russian word. Meaning, if a pronounced word has many "a" how do you know if any of them and which one of them is written as "o"(...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

How is the ending "-ий" pronounced?

Someone told me they are pronounced like "и", but when I listen to sound files on wiktionary.com, they are pronounced like "ш/ч"? For example the word "горячий" is pronounced according to wiktionary ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

When is it necessary to use a capital letter in the beginning of the sentence?

In English we have to use a capital letter in the following cases: Beginning of sentence Names (people or places) Pronoun first-person singular (I) What are the rules for capital letters in Russian ...
7
votes
2answers
233 views

Кавказ - Закавказье, Урал - Зауралье, Алтай -?

Как правильно написать это слово? Какие будут варианты? UPDATE: Спасибо за ответы и комментарии. Хочу пояснить, что вопрос про орфографию, а не про географию. Сформулирую точнее: Как писать слова,...
7
votes
3answers
371 views

Vowel in "раст\рос" stem: how did it happen that they are different?

The following words have the same stem: рост росток рослый растение расти возрасти возросший возраст I think that they have the same stem because their meaning is related and they ...
7
votes
1answer
206 views

What's the reason for the change from "-аго" to "-oго"?

Таяніе снѣга въ сѣверной части Ладожскаго бассейна... This sentence is taken from a book published in 1908. I understand that the spelling reform of 1917 simplified things by reducing the number of ...
7
votes
1answer
251 views

Can I encounter "aлгорифм" nowadays in any context. And in past?

This very question is inspired by the question "Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф". One of the answer states that There is an interesting issue with the word алгоритм. ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Как правильно: змееед или змееяд?

В русском языке есть слово, оканчивающееся на три "е" подряд: "длинношеее". По поводу еще одного слова с тремя "е" подряд - "змееед" в интернете ведутся споры. Некоторые утверждают что слова "змееЕд"...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Какая разница между лишь и только?

Я еще не нашел подробную инфорнацию об этих словах, то есть я бы хотел знать, когда надо писать слово "только", и когда надо писать "лишь"? Есть ли случаи, когда можно менять "только" на "лишь" (и ...
6
votes
6answers
686 views

Is there really "йа" and "йо" in Russian writing?

I'm currently learning the Russian language. While I was in the middle of learning this language and I understood the letters used, I noticed a few cases regarding those letters. One case that got me ...
6
votes
2answers
257 views

Are двусторонний and двухсторонний completely interchangeable?

Are двусторонний and двухсторонний just two valid versions of the same word or are there slight differences? If the former is the case, which version, if any, is considered more formal/more modern/...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

Почему Йорк а не Ёрк?

Если пишется "ёж" и "ёлка", то почему "Йорк", а не "Ёрк"? И наоборот.
6
votes
3answers
271 views

в чдачах и в нечдачах

А есть на этойм плакате несколько слов, незнакомые мне, и которых не найдётся б в словарях. Суть в чдачах и в нечдачах (разве это просто опечатка? имелось слово "удачах" ввиду?) чничтожим (разве это ...
6
votes
3answers
962 views

Pronunciation of Spelling Rule "е" vs "о" vs "ё"?

"Never write unstressed 'o' after the letters, ж, ч, ш, щ, ц, instead use 'e'" So are we supposed to still pronounce it like an "o"? I know that the answer is yes when the vowel is stressed, for ...
6
votes
1answer
763 views

Request for the correct spelling of "beautiful" and "wonderful"

In my last holiday I met a lot of Russian people and they taught me a couple of Russian sentences, but only the pronunciation. Afterwards I tried to figure out how they are written, but I failed for ...
6
votes
2answers
645 views

Why was it decided in 1956 to abolish the spelling чорт (devil) in favor of чёрт?

I read in Wiktionary: чорт This spelling of the word was officially abolished in 1956 in favor of чёрт and is no longer in use. Both variants are pronounced identically. (Source) I see in Ngram ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Как правильно пишется "33%-ный" прописью?

Правильно ли писать тридцатитрёхпроцентные сливки?
5
votes
4answers
2k views

The cases where "о" is pronounced as "a" [duplicate]

I'm working on Russian pronunciation and I have come across a couple of words containing letter о. зовут is pronounced as zavut хорошая is pronounced as xaroshaya There are lots of such words where ...
5
votes
2answers
360 views

Why is "томат" spelt without an "o" at the end?

I'm trying to understand how spelling works in Russian. Why does "томат" lack an "o" at the end, when some other words which I assume are derived from European loanwords, such as "пианино" or "метро", ...
5
votes
3answers
345 views

Why isn't почтальо́н spelled почталён?

As far as I understand, the letter "ё" is used to write the same sound as "ьо" only when the corresponding "о" is stressed. In почтальо́н we have "ьо" and the "о" is also stressed -- so isn't this ...
5
votes
2answers
240 views

A hyphen in "по-английски"

Do I always need to put a hyphen in "по-английски" or are there some rules telling us when I should and when I should not do so?
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Why does the word "один" drop the "и" for its feminine and neuter forms?

The masculine form of "one" is "один," but it is "одна" and "одно" for the feminine and neuter, respectively. Why? In other words, why isn't it "одина&...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

Why беСхвостый but беЗфюзеляжный?

Why беСхвостый but беЗфюзеляжный? I thought it should be "c" in the latter case as well because the ф is voiceless.
5
votes
1answer
362 views

Тональности в качестве прилагательных - слитно, раздельно или через дефис?

Названия тональностей обычно пишутся раздельно. Например, Симфония до минор Брамса А как писать, если тональность выступает в роли прилагательного? Фамажорная гамма, фа-мажорная гамма, фа мажорная ...
5
votes
2answers
420 views

Правописание местоимения 2 л. мн.ч. в Интернете / Correct spelling of 2nd pl. pronoun on the Internet

Правильно ли написание "Вы" со строчной буквы в Интернете? Является ли подобное написание трендом? Is it correct to spell Вы (you 2nd.p. pl.) with lower case letter on the Internet? Is it a trend?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Ruble & Currency delimiters

On many a website from Russia and Belarus I can see prices on products displayed as: 212,00 p. I've added a screen shot as well. Is the price 212 rubles or is it a shortening or a delimiter of ...
5
votes
1answer
25k views

"Нечищеный" или "нечищенный"

Согласно информации о правописании бесприставочных прилагательных и причастий с -н- и -нн-, которую я нашел в Интернете, прилагательные должны писаться с -н-, а причастия - с -нн-. Например, чищеный ...
5
votes
3answers
218 views

Где узнать о правилах русского языка?

Где узнать о правилах русского языка, актуальных на данный момент? В инженерном деле когда речь идёт о формальностях, например о правилах искусственного языка (например для написания компьютерных ...
5
votes
2answers
389 views

Why is the COVID-19 vaccine called "Спутник V", not "Спутник В"?

The COVID-19 vaccine developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology is called "Спутник V". Per the English-language Wikipedia page, the "V" is the ...
4
votes
2answers
259 views

Южно-Африканская Республика vs. Центральноевропейское время

Could anybody explain to me why Южно-Африканская Республика is written with a hyphen? I thought a hyphen was a sort of replacement for и, meaning that the two parts of the word are of equal relation ...
4
votes
1answer
305 views

Pronunciation of "лёгкий" and "легкий"

I read in Pushkin's Дружба the word "легкий", an adjective meaning "slight". There's even an interesting thread on Russian S.E. about the modern pronouciation of the word. I ...